通过ftp/http拷贝asm中文件

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标题:通过ftp/http拷贝asm中文件

作者:惜分飞©版权所有[未经本人同意,不得以任何形式转载,否则有进一步追究法律责任的权利.]

1.检查Oracle XML Database组件

SQL> select comp_name, status, version from DBA_REGISTRY where comp_name='Oracle XML Database';

COMP_NAME                 STATUS                 VERSION
------------------------- ---------------------- ------------------------------
Oracle XML Database       VALID                  11.2.0.3.0

SQL> select count(*) from dba_objects where owner='XDB' and status='INVALID';

  COUNT(*)
----------
         0

2.配置xdb的ftp和http

[oracle@rac1 ~]$ sqlplus / as sysdba

SQL*Plus: Release 11.2.0.3.0 Production on Tue May 1 12:05:27 2012

Copyright (c) 1982, 2011, Oracle.  All rights reserved.


Connected to:
Oracle Database 11g Enterprise Edition Release 11.2.0.3.0 - Production
With the Partitioning, Real Application Clusters, Automatic Storage Management, OLAP,
Data Mining and Real Application Testing options

SQL> execute dbms_xdb.sethttpport(8080);

PL/SQL procedure successfully completed.

SQL> execute dbms_xdb.setftpport(2100);

PL/SQL procedure successfully completed.

SQL> commit;

Commit complete.

SQL> select dbms_xdb.GETFTPPORT() from dual;

DBMS_XDB.GETFTPPORT()
---------------------
                 2100

SQL> select dbms_xdb.GETHTTPPORT() from dual;

DBMS_XDB.GETHTTPPORT()
----------------------
                  8080
--根据你的需求,可以选择一个即可

SQL> show parameter dispatchers;

NAME                                 TYPE        VALUE
------------------------------------ ----------- -------------------------------
dispatchers                          string      (PROTOCOL=TCP) (SERVICE=XFFXDB)
--dispatchers参数会自动配置,这里需要说明,MOS中说的sidxdb是不恰当的,我这里是db_namexdb
--因为我这里是rac,sid为XFF1,总之相信自动配置

3.查看监听

[oracle@rac1 ~]$ lsnrctl status

LSNRCTL for Linux: Version 11.2.0.3.0 - Production on 01-MAY-2012 12:09:14

Copyright (c) 1991, 2011, Oracle.  All rights reserved.

Connecting to (ADDRESS=(PROTOCOL=tcp)(HOST=)(PORT=1521))
STATUS of the LISTENER
------------------------
Alias                     LISTENER
Version                   TNSLSNR for Linux: Version 11.2.0.3.0 - Production
Start Date                01-MAY-2012 11:51:13
Uptime                    0 days 0 hr. 18 min. 1 sec
Trace Level               off
Security                  ON: Local OS Authentication
SNMP                      OFF
Listener Parameter File   /u01/app/11.2.0/grid/network/admin/listener.ora
Listener Log File         /u01/app/gridbase/diag/tnslsnr/rac1/listener/alert/log.xml
Listening Endpoints Summary...
  (DESCRIPTION=(ADDRESS=(PROTOCOL=ipc)(KEY=LISTENER)))
  (DESCRIPTION=(ADDRESS=(PROTOCOL=tcp)(HOST=192.168.1.31)(PORT=1521)))
  (DESCRIPTION=(ADDRESS=(PROTOCOL=tcp)(HOST=192.168.1.33)(PORT=1521)))
  (DESCRIPTION=(ADDRESS=(PROTOCOL=tcp)(HOST=rac1)(PORT=8080))(Presentation=HTTP)(Session=RAW))
  (DESCRIPTION=(ADDRESS=(PROTOCOL=tcp)(HOST=rac1)(PORT=2100))(Presentation=FTP)(Session=RAW))
Services Summary...
Service "+ASM" has 1 instance(s).
  Instance "+ASM1", status READY, has 1 handler(s) for this service...
Service "XFF" has 1 instance(s).
  Instance "XFF1", status READY, has 1 handler(s) for this service...
Service "XFFXDB" has 1 instance(s).
  Instance "XFF1", status READY, has 1 handler(s) for this service...
The command completed successfully

--以下两条监听是自动增加上去,如果没有自动增加,需要手工增加并且重启或者重新加载监听
  (DESCRIPTION=(ADDRESS=(PROTOCOL=tcp)(HOST=rac1)(PORT=8080))(Presentation=HTTP)(Session=RAW))
  (DESCRIPTION=(ADDRESS=(PROTOCOL=tcp)(HOST=rac1)(PORT=2100))(Presentation=FTP)(Session=RAW))

4.ftp基本操作

[oracle@rac1 ~]$ ftp -n
ftp> open rac1 2100
Connected to rac1.
220- rac1 
Unauthorised use of this FTP server is prohibited and may be subject to civil and criminal prosecution.
220 rac1 FTP Server (Oracle XML DB/Oracle Database) ready.
530  Please login with USER and PASS.
530  Please login with USER and PASS.
KERBEROS_V4 rejected as an authentication type
ftp> user system xifenfei
331 pass required for SYSTEM
230 SYSTEM logged in
ftp> ls
227 Entering Passive Mode (192,168,1,31,181,5)
150 ASCII Data Connection
drw-r--r--   2 SYS      oracle         0 SEP 18 17:49 OLAP_XDS
drw-r--r--   2 SYS      oracle         0 SEP 18 17:47 home
drw-r--r--   2 SYS      oracle         0 SEP 18 18:02 images
drw-r--r--   2 SYS      oracle         0 SEP 18 17:49 olap_data_security
drw-r--r--   2 SYS      oracle         0 SEP 18 17:43 public
drw-r--r--   2 SYS      oracle         0 SEP 18 17:44 sys
-rw-r--r--   1 SYS      oracle         0 MAY 01 04:06 xdbconfig.xml
drw-r--r--   2 SYS      oracle         0 SEP 18 17:49 xds
226 ASCII Transfer Complete
ftp> cd sys
250 CWD Command successful
ftp> cd asm
250 CWD Command successful
ftp> ls
227 Entering Passive Mode (192,168,1,31,98,133)
150 ASCII Data Connection
drw-r--r--   2 SYS      oracle         0 MAY 01 04:14 XIFENFEI
drw-r--r--   2 SYS      oracle         0 MAY 01 04:14 DATA
226 ASCII Transfer Complete
ftp> cd xifenfei
250 CWD Command successful
ftp> ls
227 Entering Passive Mode (192,168,1,31,151,70)
150 ASCII Data Connection
drw-r--r--   2 SYS      oracle         0 MAY 01 04:15 XFF
drw-r--r--   2 SYS      oracle         0 MAY 01 04:15 ASM
226 ASCII Transfer Complete
ftp> cd xff
250 CWD Command successful
ftp> ls
227 Entering Passive Mode (192,168,1,31,100,14)
150 ASCII Data Connection
drw-r--r--   2 SYS      oracle         0 MAY 01 04:15 DATAFILE
drw-r--r--   2 SYS      oracle         0 MAY 01 04:15 CONTROLFILE
drw-r--r--   2 SYS      oracle         0 MAY 01 04:15 ONLINELOG
drw-r--r--   2 SYS      oracle         0 MAY 01 04:15 TEMPFILE
drw-r--r--   2 SYS      oracle         0 MAY 01 04:15 PARAMETERFILE
-rw-r--r--   1 SYS      oracle      3584 MAY 01 04:15 spfileXFF.ora
226 ASCII Transfer Complete
ftp> cd xff/datafile
250 CWD Command successful
ftp> ls
227 Entering Passive Mode (192,168,1,31,30,63)
150 ASCII Data Connection
-rw-r--r--   1 SYS      oracle  744497152 MAY 01 04:20 SYSTEM.256.776961315
-rw-r--r--   1 SYS      oracle  618668032 MAY 01 04:20 SYSAUX.257.776961315
-rw-r--r--   1 SYS      oracle  83894272 MAY 01 04:20 UNDOTBS1.258.776961317
-rw-r--r--   1 SYS      oracle   6291456 MAY 01 04:20 user_dd.dbf
-rw-r--r--   1 SYS      oracle  26222592 MAY 01 04:20 UNDOTBS2.264.776961693
-rw-r--r--   1 SYS      oracle  157294592 MAY 01 04:20 xifenfei01.dbf
226 ASCII Transfer Complete
ftp> get xifenfei01.dbf
local: xifenfei01.dbf remote: xifenfei01.dbf
227 Entering Passive Mode (192,168,1,31,143,34)
150 ASCII Data Connection
550- Error Response 
ORA-31198: Mismatch in number of bytes transferred due to non-binary mode
550 End Error Response 
270340 bytes received in 0.053 seconds (5e+03 Kbytes/s)
ftp> binary
200  Type set to I.
ftp> get xifenfei01.dbf
local: xifenfei01.dbf remote: xifenfei01.dbf
227 Entering Passive Mode (192,168,1,31,9,112)
150 BIN Data Connection
226 BIN Transfer Complete
157294592 bytes received in 14 seconds (1.1e+04 Kbytes/s)
--主要需要设置为二进制传输模式,默认是ASCII方式的,可能会报错
ftp> quit
221 QUIT Goodbye.

这篇文章主要参考How to configure XDB for using ftp and http protocols with ASM [ID 357714.1],但是在自己试验过程中,发现文档中有些地方不太合适,这里做个补充说明
1.ftp服务端不需要启动(这里只是用到了操作系统的ftp客户端功能,如果使用其他客户端工具,连操作系统客户端都省了)
2.dispatchers 中的SERVICE=XDB不准确,系统自动配置的XDB亦可以正常工作,更相信数据库自动配置
3.ftp和http两个功能,只需要配置一个即可(选择你需要的)
4.下图展示的是通过http方式访问结果(system用户登录)
http_asm

此条目发表在 Oracle ASM 分类目录。将固定链接加入收藏夹。

通过ftp/http拷贝asm中文件》有 1 条评论

  1. 惜分飞 说:
    Applies to:
    Oracle Server - Enterprise Edition - Version: 10.2.0.1 to 11.2.0.3 - Release: 10.2 to 11.2
    Linux x86
    Linux x86-64
    Oracle Server Enterprise Edition - Version: 10.2.0.1 to 11.1.0.7
    Goal
    
    Configuration of XDB to be able to use ftp and http protocols to browse and manage ASM directories   
      
    Solution
    ASM XDB CONFIGURATION
    
    Xdb configuration enable the possibility to use FTP from an ftp session on unix or through a browser on Windows.
    
    Files can be easily moved in/out from ASM this way
    
    It also provides an http interface to easily browse through ASM directories in a graphic environment.
    
    Follow Note: 243554.1 "How to Deinstall and Reinstall XML Database (XDB)" to install XDB.
    
    Configuration steps:
    
    1) As root check that ftp service is running:
    
    # netstat -a | grep ftp
    tcp        0      0 *:ftp  *:*  LISTEN
    
           If no output is returned, start ftp:
    
    # service vsftpd start
    Starting vsftpd for vsftpd:        [  OK  ]
    
          Also configure ftp to start automatically
    
    # chkconfig vsftpd on
    
    2) Configure the FTP and HTTP ports of XDB using:
    
    connect / as sysdba
    execute dbms_xdb.sethttpport(8080);
    execute dbms_xdb.setftpport(2100);
    commit;
    
    to check use:
    select dbms_xdb.GETFTPPORT() from dual;
    select dbms_xdb.GETHTTPPORT() from dual;
    
    3) Check the dispatchers configuration for xdb, if it is not set set it up, for single instance:  
    
    ALTER SYSTEM SET dispatchers = =(PROTOCOL=TCP) (SERVICE=<sid>XDB)" SCOPE=BOTH
    
         For RAC instances:
    
    ALTER SYSTEM SET siebprod1.dispatchers = "(PROTOCOL=TCP) (SERVICE=<sid1>XDB)" SCOPE=BOTH
    
    ALTER SYSTEM SET siebprod2.dispatchers = "(PROTOCOL=TCP) (SERVICE=<sid2>XDB)" SCOPE=BOTH         
    
        If you are not using the default Listener ensure you have set LOCAL_LISTENER in the (init.ora/spfile)
    
          as prescribed for RAC/NON-RAC instances or the end points will not register.
    
    4) Restart the listener:       
    
    lsnrctl stop <LISTENER NAME>
    lsnrctl start <LISTENER NAME>
    
    5) Check that the following lines are returned when executing lsnrctl, if they are not you may need to restart your database.
    
    (DESCRIPTION =(ADDRESS = (PROTOCOL = tcp)(HOST = <host>)(PORT = 2100))(Presentation = FTP)(Session = RAW))
    
    (DESCRIPTION = (ADDRESS = (PROTOCOL = tcp)(HOST = <host>)(PORT = 8080))(Presentation = HTTP)(Session = RAW))
    
    6) Connect to the ftp as follows :
    
    OS> ftp -n
    open <host> 2100
    user system <password>
    cd sys
    cd asm
    ...
    ...
    
    7) From browser : follow the below
    
    for FTP type the url :--- ftp://<host&gt;:2100/
    for HTTP type the url :-- http://<host&gt;:8080/
    
    Enter the user and password as SYSTEM and <password>
    
    Troubleshooting:
    If you do not succeed to connect to ftp then  :
    
    a. Check for any invalid XDB owned objects:
    
            SQL> select count(*) from dba_objects
    
            where owner='XDB' and status='INVALID';
    
            COUNT(*)
    
            ----------
    
             0
    
    b.  Check DBA_REGISTRY for XDB status:
    
            SQL>  select comp_name, status, version from DBA_REGISTRY where comp_name='Oracle XML Database'
    
              The results should indicate the correct version and patch in a valid status.
    
    c.  Restart database and listener to enable Oracle XML DB protocol access.
    

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