使用exp/imp 导入11g数据到9i

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标题:使用exp/imp 导入11g数据到9i

作者:惜分飞©版权所有[未经本人同意,不得以任何形式转载,否则有进一步追究法律责任的权利.]

现在有个需求,需要使用exp/imp导入11g的数据库数据到9i中,解决这个问题一般来说想到三种方法思路,一个个尝试(其实从高版本服务端支持低版本客户端的原则,可以大概的猜测出使用9i的客户端处理该问题)
方法1:导出导入都使用11g客户端

--11g客户端导出
[oracle@xifenfei ~]$ exp chf/xifenfei file=/tmp/t_xifenfei.dmp 
>log=/tmp/t_xifenfei.log tables=chf.t_xifenfei

Export: Release 11.2.0.3.0 - Production on Fri May 18 18:15:18 2012

Copyright (c) 1982, 2011, Oracle and/or its affiliates.  All rights reserved.


Connected to: Oracle Database 11g Enterprise Edition Release 11.2.0.3.0 - Production
With the Partitioning, OLAP, Data Mining and Real Application Testing options
Export done in ZHS16GBK character set and AL16UTF16 NCHAR character set
server uses AL32UTF8 character set (possible charset conversion)

About to export specified tables via Conventional Path ...
. . exporting table                     T_XIFENFEI          2 rows exported
Export terminated successfully without warnings.

--11g客户端导入
[oracle@xifenfei ~]$ imp chf/xifenfei@ora9i file=/tmp/t_xifenfei_11g.dmp 
>log=/tmp/t_xifenfei.log tables=chf.t_xifenfei

Import: Release 11.2.0.3.0 - Production on Fri May 18 18:17:24 2012

Copyright (c) 1982, 2011, Oracle and/or its affiliates.  All rights reserved.


IMP-00058: ORACLE error 6550 encountered
ORA-06550: line 1, column 33:
PLS-00302: component 'SET_NO_OUTLINES' must be declared
ORA-06550: line 1, column 7:
PL/SQL: Statement ignored
IMP-00000: Import terminated unsuccessfully

这个错误是版本不兼容导致:PLS-00302: component ‘SET_NO_OUTLINES’ must be declared

方法2:11g客户端导出,9i客户端导入

--11g客户端导出
[oracle@xifenfei ~]$ exp chf/xifenfei file=/tmp/t_xifenfei.dmp 
>log=/tmp/t_xifenfei.log tables=chf.t_xifenfei

Export: Release 11.2.0.3.0 - Production on Fri May 18 18:15:18 2012

Copyright (c) 1982, 2011, Oracle and/or its affiliates.  All rights reserved.


Connected to: Oracle Database 11g Enterprise Edition Release 11.2.0.3.0 - Production
With the Partitioning, OLAP, Data Mining and Real Application Testing options
Export done in ZHS16GBK character set and AL16UTF16 NCHAR character set
server uses AL32UTF8 character set (possible charset conversion)

About to export specified tables via Conventional Path ...
. . exporting table                     T_XIFENFEI          2 rows exported
Export terminated successfully without warnings.

--传输到9i
[oracle@xifenfei tmp]$ scp t_xifenfei.dmp 192.168.1.10:/tmp/
The authenticity of host '192.168.1.10 (192.168.1.10)' can't be established.
RSA key fingerprint is 3d:0c:d1:4b:45:bd:a3:f5:25:eb:4d:52:d2:32:03:69.
Are you sure you want to continue connecting (yes/no)? yes
Warning: Permanently added '192.168.1.10' (RSA) to the list of known hosts.
oracle@192.168.1.10's password: 
t_xifenfei.dmp                          100%   56KB  56.0KB/s   00:00    

--9i客户端导入
[oracle@xifenfei ~]$ imp chf/xifenfei file=/tmp/t_xifenfei.dmp tables=t_xifenfei

Import: Release 9.2.0.4.0 - Production on Thu May 24 23:32:18 2012

Copyright (c) 1982, 2002, Oracle Corporation.  All rights reserved.


Connected to: Oracle9i Enterprise Edition Release 9.2.0.4.0 - Production
With the Partitioning, OLAP and Oracle Data Mining options
JServer Release 9.2.0.4.0 - Production

IMP-00010: not a valid export file, header failed verification
IMP-00000: Import terminated unsuccessfully
--版本不兼容(高版本的dump文件低版本不能识别)

方法3:9i客户端导出,9i客户端导入

--9i客户端导出
[oracle@xifenfei ~]$ exp chf/xifenfei@ora11g file=/tmp/t_xifenfei_11g.dmp 
>log=/tmp/t_xifenfei.log tables=chf.t_xifenfei

Export: Release 9.2.0.4.0 - Production on Thu May 24 23:37:20 2012

Copyright (c) 1982, 2002, Oracle Corporation.  All rights reserved.


Connected to: Oracle Database 11g Enterprise Edition Release 11.2.0.3.0 - Production
With the Partitioning, OLAP, Data Mining and Real Application Testing options
Export done in ZHS16GBK character set and AL16UTF16 NCHAR character set
server uses AL32UTF8 character set (possible charset conversion)

About to export specified tables via Conventional Path ...
. . exporting table                     T_XIFENFEI          2 rows exported
Export terminated successfully without warnings.

--9i客户端导入
[oracle@xifenfei log]$ imp chf/xifenfei file=/tmp/t_xifenfei_11g.dmp log=/tmp/xifenfei.log full=y

Import: Release 9.2.0.4.0 - Production on Fri May 25 03:22:14 2012

Copyright (c) 1982, 2002, Oracle Corporation.  All rights reserved.


Connected to: Oracle9i Enterprise Edition Release 9.2.0.4.0 - Production
With the Partitioning, OLAP and Oracle Data Mining options
JServer Release 9.2.0.4.0 - Production

Export file created by EXPORT:V09.02.00 via conventional path
import done in ZHS16GBK character set and AL16UTF16 NCHAR character setSegmentation fault
--导入数据遇到setSegmentation fault异常终止

解决setSegmentation fault异常终止

--修改exu9defpswitches视图
[oracle@xifenfei ~]$ sqlplus / as sysdba

SQL*Plus: Release 11.2.0.3.0 Production on Fri May 18 22:29:00 2012

Copyright (c) 1982, 2011, Oracle.  All rights reserved.


Connected to:
Oracle Database 11g Enterprise Edition Release 11.2.0.3.0 - Production
With the Partitioning, OLAP, Data Mining and Real Application Testing options

SQL> CREATE OR REPLACE VIEW exu9defpswitches ( 
  2                  compflgs, nlslensem ) AS 
  3          SELECT  a.value, b.value 
  4          FROM    sys.v$parameter a, sys.v$parameter b 
  5          WHERE   a.name = 'plsql_code_type' AND 
  6                  b.name = 'nls_length_semantics' ;

View created.

--9i导出11g数据
[oracle@xifenfei tmp]$ exp chf/xifenfei@ora11g file=/tmp/t_xifenfei_11g.dmp 
>log=/tmp/xifenfei.log tables=t_xifenfei

Export: Release 9.2.0.4.0 - Production on Fri May 25 04:08:32 2012

Copyright (c) 1982, 2002, Oracle Corporation.  All rights reserved.


Connected to: Oracle Database 11g Enterprise Edition Release 11.2.0.3.0 - Production
With the Partitioning, OLAP, Data Mining and Real Application Testing options
Export done in ZHS16GBK character set and AL16UTF16 NCHAR character set
server uses AL32UTF8 character set (possible charset conversion)

About to export specified tables via Conventional Path ...
. . exporting table                     T_XIFENFEI          2 rows exported
Export terminated successfully without warnings.

--9i导入数据
[oracle@xifenfei tmp]$ imp chf/xifenfei file=/tmp/t_xifenfei_11g.dmp 
>log=/tmp/xifenfei.log tables=t_xifenfei

Import: Release 9.2.0.4.0 - Production on Fri May 25 04:08:53 2012

Copyright (c) 1982, 2002, Oracle Corporation.  All rights reserved.


Connected to: Oracle9i Enterprise Edition Release 9.2.0.4.0 - Production
With the Partitioning, OLAP and Oracle Data Mining options
JServer Release 9.2.0.4.0 - Production

Export file created by EXPORT:V09.02.00 via conventional path
import done in ZHS16GBK character set and AL16UTF16 NCHAR character set
. importing CHF's objects into CHF
. . importing table                   "T_XIFENFEI"          2 rows imported
Import terminated successfully without warnings.
--至此导入成功,完成了11gr2数据导入到9ir2中

通过一系列的实验证明,需要把11g的数据导入到9i中,需要使用9i的客户端进行,其中exu9defpswitches视图需要重建,否则会出现setSegmentation fault异常,导致导入失败.

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使用exp/imp 导入11g数据到9i》有 2 条评论

  1. www_xylove 说:

    使用方法3:9i客户端导出,9i客户端导入 修改11g的view : exu9defpswitches ,如果我的表里面有blob字段,这个也可以吗。谢谢

      [引用]  [回复]

  2. 惜分飞 说:

    Export From 11g using EXP Utility Version 9iR2 Produces Corrupt Export Dump

    Applies to:
    Oracle Server - Enterprise Edition - Version: 11.1.0.6 to 11.2.0.1 - Release: 11.1 to 11.2
    Oracle Server - Enterprise Edition - Version: 9.2.0.1 to 9.2.0.8   [Release: 9.2 to 9.2]
    Information in this document applies to any platform.
    
    Symptoms
    You need to export data from 11g and import into 9iR2. For this reason, 
    the exp utility version 9iR2 is used to extract data from 11g. There are two aspects of this problem: 
    
    1. On some Unix platforms, the exp utility either returns no errors or crashes with core dumps.
    
    2. On Windows platforms, exp crashes with core dumps (Dr.Watson) 
    
    Both created dumps are corrupt, the imp utility crashes immediately after the export dump header is read.
    Cause
    
    Exp utility version 9iR2 internally uses the dictionary view EXU9DEFPSWITCHES to get information about some 
    parameters like PLSQL_COMPILER_FLAGS and NLS_LENGTH_SEMANTICS. The parameter PLSQL_COMPILER_FLAGS doesn't 
    exist in 11g anylonger and so the view EXU9DEFPSWITCHES returns unhandled 0 rows.
    
    Solution
    1. Connect to database 11g as SYSDBA with SQL*Plus
    
    2. Change the definition of view EXU9DEFPSWITCHES from:
    
    CREATE OR REPLACE VIEW exu9defpswitches ( 
                    compflgs, nlslensem ) AS 
            SELECT  a.value, b.value 
            FROM    sys.v$parameter a, sys.v$parameter b 
            WHERE   a.name = 'plsql_compiler_flags' AND 
                    b.name = 'nls_length_semantics' 
    
    to:
    
    CREATE OR REPLACE VIEW exu9defpswitches ( 
                    compflgs, nlslensem ) AS 
            SELECT  a.value, b.value 
            FROM    sys.v$parameter a, sys.v$parameter b 
            WHERE   a.name = 'plsql_code_type' AND 
                    b.name = 'nls_length_semantics' 
    
    (see new parameter PLSQL_CODE_TYPE)
    
    3. Re-start exp version 9iR2 to extract from 11g
    
    4. Import the new dump using imp version 9iR2.
    

      [引用]  [回复]

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