主键表插入数据不提交,外键表插入数据被阻塞

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标题:主键表插入数据不提交,外键表插入数据被阻塞

作者:惜分飞©版权所有[未经本人同意,不得以任何形式转载,否则有进一步追究法律责任的权利.]

有客户和我说:他在含主外键的表中实验发现,在主表数据未提交,然后在外键表插入该数据数据时,出现外键表hang住现象.我开始以为是不同的会话,根据oracle数据库的一致性原则,应该新会话在外键表中不能知道这个记录的存在,直接报错.
可是我实验结果证明:外键表会被阻塞.分析原因如下:
模拟环境

SQL> create table t_p(id number primary key,name varchar2(100));

Table created.

SQL> create table t_f(fid number primary key,pid number, foreign key(pid) references  t_p(id));

Table created.

--会话1
SQL> insert into t_p values(1,'xifenfei');

1 row created.

SQL> commit;

Commit complete.

--会话2
SQL> insert into t_f values(1,1);

1 row created.

SQL> commit;

--会话1
SQL> insert into t_p values(2,'XIFENFEI');

1 row created.

--会话2
SQL> insert into t_f values(2,2);
--hang住

通过实验发现,当主键数据没有提交,然后在外键表中插入该数据外键数据时,该条记录会处于hang住状态(等待),那是什么原因导致了这个等待呢?对会话2做一个10046的trace,发现如下

*** 2012-05-17 17:25:41.757
WAIT #3065187488: nam='enq: TX - row lock contention' ela= 27002895 name|mode=1415053316 usn<<16 
| slot=262151 sequence=588 obj#=-1 tim=1337246741756917
EXEC #3065187488:c=4000,e=27004456,p=0,cr=2,cu=14,mis=0,r=0,dep=0,og=1,
plh=0,tim=1337246741757690
ERROR #3065187488:err=1013 tim=1337246741757751
STAT #3065187488 id=1 cnt=0 pid=0 pos=1 obj=0 op='LOAD TABLE CONVENTIONAL  
(cr=0 pr=0 pw=0 time=12 us)'
WAIT #3065187488: nam='SQL*Net break/reset to client' ela= 581 driver 
id=1650815232 break?=0 p3=0 obj#=-1 tim=1337246741782587
WAIT #3065187488: nam='SQL*Net message to client' ela= 2 driver id=1650815232 
#bytes=1 p3=0 obj#=-1 tim=1337246741782668

通过这个trace发现,是因为TX锁导致了外键表上的插入操作被阻塞.出现该问题的原因
有两种可能:1.两次插入(主键表和外键表分别插入)在主键表上有不兼容锁;2.外键表上有不兼容性锁.

使用oradebug跟踪会话

oradebug setmypid
--EVENT 10704跟踪锁的使用情况
oradebug EVENT 10704 trace name context forever,level 10
--插入数据操作
oradebug EVENT 10704 trace name context off
oradebug TRACEFILE_NAME

跟踪主键表插入数据

*** 2012-05-17 19:05:52.410
ksqgtl *** TM-00012892-00000000 mode=3 flags=0x401 timeout=21474836 ***
ksqgtl: xcb=0x343c0e54, ktcdix=2147483647, topxcb=0x343c0e54
        ktcipt(topxcb)=0x0

*** 2012-05-17 19:05:52.411
ksucti: init txn DID from session DID 
ksqgtl:
        ksqlkdid: 0001-0013-0000000F

*** 2012-05-17 19:05:52.429
*** ksudidTrace: ksqgtl
        ktcmydid(): 0001-0013-0000000F
        ksusesdi:   0000-0000-00000000
        ksusetxn:   0001-0013-0000000F
ksqgtl: RETURNS 0

*** 2012-05-17 19:05:52.430
ksqgtl *** TM-00012894-00000000 mode=3 flags=0x401 timeout=21474836 ***
ksqgtl: xcb=0x343c0e54, ktcdix=2147483647, topxcb=0x343c0e54
        ktcipt(topxcb)=0x0

*** 2012-05-17 19:05:52.430
ksucti: init session DID from txn DID: 
ksqgtl:
        ksqlkdid: 0001-0013-0000000F

*** 2012-05-17 19:05:52.430
*** ksudidTrace: ksqgtl
        ktcmydid(): 0001-0013-0000000F
        ksusesdi:   0000-0000-00000000
        ksusetxn:   0001-0013-0000000F
ksqgtl: RETURNS 0

*** 2012-05-17 19:05:52.431
ksqgtl *** TX-00050019-00000307 mode=6 flags=0x401 timeout=0 ***
ksqgtl: xcb=0x343c0e54, ktcdix=2147483647, topxcb=0x343c0e54
        ktcipt(topxcb)=0x0

*** 2012-05-17 19:05:52.431
ksucti: init session DID from txn DID: 
ksqgtl:
        ksqlkdid: 0001-0013-0000000F

*** 2012-05-17 19:05:52.431
*** ksudidTrace: ksqgtl
        ktcmydid(): 0001-0013-0000000F
        ksusesdi:   0000-0000-00000000
        ksusetxn:   0001-0013-0000000F
ksqgtl: RETURNS 0



SQL> SELECT TO_NUMBER(12892,'xxxxxxx') from dual;

TO_NUMBER(12892,'XXXXXXX')
--------------------------
                     75922

SQL> SELECT TO_NUMBER(12894,'xxxxxxx') from dual;

TO_NUMBER(12894,'XXXXXXX')
--------------------------
                     75924

SQL> select object_name from dba_objects where object_id in(75922,75924);

OBJECT_NAM
----------
T_P
T_F

通过锁使用情况跟踪可以知道,在主键表插入一条记录时,先在主键表获得TM锁,然后外键表获得TM锁,最后主键表获得TX MODE=6的锁。

跟踪外键表插入数据

*** 2012-05-17 19:49:24.912
ksqgtl *** TM-00012892-00000000 mode=3 flags=0x401 timeout=21474836 ***
ksqgtl: xcb=0x343a45e8, ktcdix=2147483647, topxcb=0x343a45e8
        ktcipt(topxcb)=0x0

*** 2012-05-17 19:49:24.912
ksucti: init txn DID from session DID 
ksqgtl:
        ksqlkdid: 0001-0015-00000064

*** 2012-05-17 19:49:24.913
*** ksudidTrace: ksqgtl
        ktcmydid(): 0001-0015-00000064
        ksusesdi:   0000-0000-00000000
        ksusetxn:   0001-0015-00000064
ksqgtl: RETURNS 0

*** 2012-05-17 19:49:24.913
ksqgtl *** TM-00012894-00000000 mode=3 flags=0x401 timeout=21474836 ***
ksqgtl: xcb=0x343a45e8, ktcdix=2147483647, topxcb=0x343a45e8
        ktcipt(topxcb)=0x0

*** 2012-05-17 19:49:24.913
ksucti: init session DID from txn DID: 
ksqgtl:
        ksqlkdid: 0001-0015-00000064

*** 2012-05-17 19:49:24.913
*** ksudidTrace: ksqgtl
        ktcmydid(): 0001-0015-00000064
        ksusesdi:   0000-0000-00000000
        ksusetxn:   0001-0015-00000064
ksqgtl: RETURNS 0

*** 2012-05-17 19:49:24.913
ksqgtl *** TX-0002001f-0000034a mode=6 flags=0x401 timeout=0 ***
ksqgtl: xcb=0x343a45e8, ktcdix=2147483647, topxcb=0x343a45e8
        ktcipt(topxcb)=0x0

*** 2012-05-17 19:49:24.913
ksucti: init session DID from txn DID: 
ksqgtl:
        ksqlkdid: 0001-0015-00000064

*** 2012-05-17 19:49:24.914
*** ksudidTrace: ksqgtl
        ktcmydid(): 0001-0015-00000064
        ksusesdi:   0000-0000-00000000
        ksusetxn:   0001-0015-00000064
ksqgtl: RETURNS 0

*** 2012-05-17 19:49:24.914
ksqgtl *** TX-00050019-00000307 mode=4 flags=0x10021 timeout=21474836 ***
ksqgtl: xcb=0x343a45e8, ktcdix=2147483647, topxcb=0x343a45e8
        ktcipt(topxcb)=0x0

*** 2012-05-17 19:49:24.914
ksucti: init session DID from txn DID: 
ksqgtl:
        ksqlkdid: 0001-0015-00000064

*** 2012-05-17 19:49:24.914
*** ksudidTrace: ksqgtl
        ktcmydid(): 0001-0015-00000064
        ksusesdi:   0000-0000-00000000
        ksusetxn:   0001-0015-00000064

*** 2012-05-17 19:49:24.914
ksqcmi: TX,50019,307 mode=4 timeout=21474836

从这里可以发现:先在主键表和外键表上加上TM锁,然后外键表获得TX MODE=6的锁(这边成功,因为该表上未有其他级别不兼容锁),再需要在主键表上获得TX MODE=4(表结构共享锁+所有记录共享锁),但是这个时候,发现该锁上已经在主键表插入数据未提交的时候,已经含有了TX MODE=6的锁,从而使得TX MODE=4无法获得,从而使得外键表插入数据处于阻塞状态.

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