bbed修改ASM中数据

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标题:bbed修改ASM中数据

作者:惜分飞©版权所有[未经本人同意,不得以任何形式转载,否则有进一步追究法律责任的权利.]

本篇文章演示了如何从ASM中通过dd拷贝出某种表的记录,然后通过bbed修改相关记录,再拷贝到库中.说的简单点就是通过dd拷贝出最少的需要对象数据块,然后通过bbed绕过数据库级别对相关记录进行修改
模拟测试数据

--ORACLE数据库中执行
SQL> create tablespace xifenfei datafile '+xifenfei' size 30M autoextend on maxsize 10G;

Tablespace created.

SQL> create table t_xifenfei (id number,name varchar2(10)) tablespace xifenfei;

Table created.

SQL> insert into t_xifenfei values(1,'xifenfei');

1 row created.

SQL> insert into t_xifenfei values(2,'XFF');

1 row created.

SQL> SELECT * FROM T_XIFENFEI;

        ID NAME
---------- ----------
         1 xifenfei
         2 XFF

SQL> commit;

Commit complete.

SQL> select EXTENT_ID, BLOCK_ID, BLOCKS, FILE_ID from dba_extents 
  2  where SEGMENT_NAME='T_XIFENFEI' and OWNER='SYS';

 EXTENT_ID   BLOCK_ID     BLOCKS    FILE_ID
---------- ---------- ---------- ----------
         0        128          8          6

SQL> select name from v$datafile where file#=6;

NAME
----------------------------------------------------
+XIFENFEI/xff/datafile/xifenfei.268.781905429

SQL> select GROUP_NUMBER from V$ASM_DISKGROUP where NAME like '%XIFENFEI%';

GROUP_NUMBER
------------
           2

在ASM用户中查询相关数据

--ASM中执行
SQL> SELECT disk_kffxp, au_kffxp, xnum_kffxp
  2  FROM x$kffxp                      
  3   WHERE GROUP_KFFXP=2 
  4  AND NUMBER_KFFXP=268; 

DISK_KFFXP   AU_KFFXP XNUM_KFFXP
---------- ---------- ----------
         0        681          0
         1       1092          1
         1       1093          2
         0        682          3
         1       1094          4
         1       1095          5
         0        683          6
         1       1096          7
         0        684          8
         1       1097          9
         1       1098         10

DISK_KFFXP   AU_KFFXP XNUM_KFFXP
---------- ---------- ----------
         0        685         11
         1       1099         12
         0        686         13
         1       1100         14
         1       1101         15
         0        687         16
         1       1102         17
         1       1103         18
         0        688         19
         1       1104         20
         0        689         21

DISK_KFFXP   AU_KFFXP XNUM_KFFXP
---------- ---------- ----------
         1       1105         22
         1       1106         23
         0        690         24
         1       1107         25
         0        691         26
         1       1108         27
         1       1109         28
         0        692         29
         1       1110         30

31 rows selected.
--数据文件6的AU分配情况

SQL> select 128*8/1024 from dual;

128*8/1024
----------
         1


SQL> select 8*8/1024 from dual;

  8*8/1024
----------
     .0625
--可以得出该表T_XIFENFEI的数据分布在第二块AU中(DISK_KFFXP=1/AU_KFFXP=1092/XNUM_KFFXP=1)

SQL> select name, path from v$asm_disk where group_number=2     
  2  and disk_number=1;

NAME                           PATH
------------------------------ --------------------------
XIFENFEI_0001                  /dev/oracleasm/disks/VOL4

找出对应磁盘或者分区

[grid@rac1 ~]$ /etc/init.d/oracleasm querydisk -d VOL4
Disk "VOL4" is a valid ASM disk on device [8,18]
[grid@rac1 ~]$ cat /proc/partitions |grep "8       18"
   8       18    3879697 sdb2

因为这里的block_id=128,刚好是下一个AU的起点,所以dd操作的起点是第二个AU(DISK_KFFXP=1/AU_KFFXP=1092),而终点是8*8=64K(第二个AU中offset 64KB)

执行dd导出表数据

of=/dev/sdb2
sb=1K
skip=1092*1024=1118208
count=64

[root@rac1 ~]# dd if=/dev/sdb2 bs=1k count=64 skip=1118208|strings
64+0 records in
64+0 records out
65536 bytes (66 kB) copied, 0.000656471 seconds, 99.8 MB/s
XFF,
xifenfei
[root@rac1 ~]# dd if=/dev/sdb2 bs=1k count=64 skip=1118208 of=/tmp/t_xifenfe.tab
64+0 records in
64+0 records out
65536 bytes (66 kB) copied, 0.00226337 seconds, 29.0 MB/s
[root@rac1 ~]# chown oracle.oinstall /tmp/t_xifenfe.tab 
[root@rac1 ~]# ll /tmp/t_xifenfe.tab 
-rw-r--r-- 1 oracle oinstall 65536 Apr 29 21:54 /tmp/t_xifenfe.tab

bbed 修改数据内容

[oracle@rac1 ~]$ bbed
Password: 

BBED: Release 2.0.0.0.0 - Limited Production on Sun Apr 29 22:43:56 2012

Copyright (c) 1982, 2011, Oracle and/or its affiliates.  All rights reserved.

************* !!! For Oracle Internal Use only !!! ***************

BBED> set filename '/tmp/t_xifenfe.tab'
        FILENAME        /tmp/t_xifenfe.tab

BBED> set block 4
        BLOCK#          4

BBED> set mode edit
        MODE            Edit

BBED> set blocksize 8192
        BLOCKSIZE       8192

BBED> map
 File: /tmp/t_xifenfe.tab (0)
 Block: 4                                     Dba:0x00000000
------------------------------------------------------------
 KTB Data Block (Table/Cluster)

 struct kcbh, 20 bytes                      @0       

 struct ktbbh, 72 bytes                     @20      

 struct kdbh, 14 bytes                      @100     

 struct kdbt[1], 4 bytes                    @114     

 sb2 kdbr[2]                                @118     

 ub1 freespace[8041]                        @122     

 ub1 rowdata[25]                            @8163    

 ub4 tailchk                                @8188    


BBED> p kdbr
sb2 kdbr[0]                                 @118      8073
sb2 kdbr[1]                                 @120      8063

BBED> find /c XFF
 File: /tmp/t_xifenfe.tab (0)
 Block: 4                Offsets: 8170 to 8191           Dba:0x00000000
------------------------------------------------------------------------
 5846462c 010202c1 02087869 66656e66 65690106 ba33 

 <32 bytes per line>

BBED> dump /v
 File: /tmp/t_xifenfe.tab (0)
 Block: 4       Offsets: 8170 to 8191  Dba:0x00000000
-------------------------------------------------------
 5846462c 010202c1 02087869 66656e66 l XFF,......xifenf
 65690106 ba33                       l ei...3

 <16 bytes per line>

BBED> m /c xff
 File: /tmp/t_xifenfe.tab (0)
 Block: 4                Offsets: 8170 to 8191           Dba:0x00000000
------------------------------------------------------------------------
 7866662c 010202c1 02087869 66656e66 65690106 ba33 

 <32 bytes per line>

BBED> dump /v
 File: /tmp/t_xifenfe.tab (0)
 Block: 4       Offsets: 8170 to 8191  Dba:0x00000000
-------------------------------------------------------
 7866662c 010202c1 02087869 66656e66 l xff,......xifenf
 65690106 ba33                       l ei...3

 <16 bytes per line>

BBED> find /c xifenfei
 File: /tmp/t_xifenfe.tab (0)
 Block: 4                Offsets: 8180 to 8191           Dba:0x00000000
------------------------------------------------------------------------
 78696665 6e666569 0106ba33 

 <32 bytes per line>

BBED> dump /v
 File: /tmp/t_xifenfe.tab (0)
 Block: 4       Offsets: 8180 to 8191  Dba:0x00000000
-------------------------------------------------------
 78696665 6e666569 0106ba33          l xifenfei...3

 <16 bytes per line>

BBED> m /c XIFENFEI
 File: /tmp/t_xifenfe.tab (0)
 Block: 4                Offsets: 8180 to 8191           Dba:0x00000000
------------------------------------------------------------------------
 58494645 4e464549 0106ba33 

 <32 bytes per line>

BBED> dump /v
 File: /tmp/t_xifenfe.tab (0)
 Block: 4       Offsets: 8180 to 8191  Dba:0x00000000
-------------------------------------------------------
 58494645 4e464549 0106ba33          l XIFENFEI...3

 <16 bytes per line>

BBED> sum
Check value for File 0, Block 4:
current = 0xd332, required = 0xf332

BBED> sum apply
Check value for File 0, Block 4:
current = 0xf332, required = 0xf332

BBED> set offset 8073
        OFFSET          8073

BBED> dump /v
 File: /tmp/t_xifenfe.tab (0)
 Block: 4       Offsets: 8073 to 8191  Dba:0x00000000
-------------------------------------------------------
 00000000 00000000 00000000 00000000 l ................
 00000000 00000000 00000000 00000000 l ................
 00000000 00000000 00000000 00000000 l ................
 00000000 00000000 00000000 00000000 l ................
 00000000 00000000 00000000 00000000 l ................
 00000000 00000000 00002c01 0202c103 l ..........,.....
 03786666 2c010202 c1020858 4946454e l .xff,......XIFEN
 46454901 06ba33                     l FEI...3

 <16 bytes per line>

BBED> exit

dd导入修改后数据验证

--会话1关闭数据库
[oracle@rac1 ~]$ sqlplus / as sysdba

SQL*Plus: Release 11.2.0.3.0 Production on Sun Apr 29 22:48:51 2012

Copyright (c) 1982, 2011, Oracle.  All rights reserved.


Connected to:
Oracle Database 11g Enterprise Edition Release 11.2.0.3.0 - Production
With the Partitioning, Real Application Clusters, Automatic Storage Management, OLAP,
Data Mining and Real Application Testing options

SQL> shutdown immediate
Database closed.
Database dismounted.
ORACLE instance shut down.


--会话2导入bbed修改后数据
[root@rac1 ~]# dd of=/dev/sdb2 bs=1k count=64 seek=1118208 if=/tmp/t_xifenfe.tab
64+0 records in
64+0 records out
65536 bytes (66 kB) copied, 0.0014908 seconds, 44.0 MB/s

--会话1启动数据库库查询
Disconnected from Oracle Database 11g Enterprise Edition Release 11.2.0.3.0 - Production
With the Partitioning, Real Application Clusters, Automatic Storage Management, OLAP,
Data Mining and Real Application Testing options
[oracle@rac1 ~]$ sqlplus / as sysdba

SQL*Plus: Release 11.2.0.3.0 Production on Sun Apr 29 22:51:00 2012

Copyright (c) 1982, 2011, Oracle.  All rights reserved.

Connected to an idle instance.

SQL> startup
ORACLE instance started.

Total System Global Area  535662592 bytes
Fixed Size                  1346140 bytes
Variable Size             411043236 bytes
Database Buffers          117440512 bytes
Redo Buffers                5832704 bytes
Database mounted.
Database opened.
SQL> select * from t_xifenfei;

        ID NAME
---------- ----------
         1 XIFENFEI
         2 xff
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bbed修改ASM中数据》有 3 条评论

  1. 李健 说:

    另外我的AU只取了一部分,情况如下:
    select 49176*8/1024 from dual ;
    384.1875

    SELECT disk_kffxp, au_kffxp, xnum_kffxp
    FROM x$kffxp
    WHERE GROUP_KFFXP = 1
    AND NUMBER_KFFXP = 259 and xnum_kffxp between 384 and 385;
    0 7811 384
    0 7812 385

      [引用]  [回复]

  2. 李健 说:

    你好:能否帮忙看一下,谢谢!!!
    我的测试环境是11G+redhat5.4 32位的。
    我的测试表是这样的信息:
    SQL> select count(1) from pioro.SECRET_TABLE;
    COUNT(1)
    ———-
    2
    select EXTENT_ID, BLOCK_ID, BLOCKS, FILE_ID from dba_extents where SEGMENT_NAME=’SECRET_TABLE’ and OWNER=’PIORO’;
    EXTENT_ID BLOCK_ID BLOCKS FILE_ID
    ———- ———- ———- ———-
    0 49176 8 4
    SQL> select name from v$datafile where file#=4;
    NAME
    ——————————————————————————–
    +DATA/orcl/datafile/users.259.835961027
    SQL> select GROUP_NUMBER from V$ASM_DISKGROUP where NAME like ‘%DATA%’;
    GROUP_NUMBER
    ————
    1
    select path from v$asm_disk where GROUP_NUMBER=1;
    /dev/asm-diskb
    用 dd if=/dev/asm-diskb bs=1k count=64 skip=8390848 |strings
    没有像你那样出现XFF, xifenfei字段,是不是dd那边出错了?

      [引用]  [回复]

  3. 惜分飞 说:

    bbed查看数据内容新方法

    BBED> p kdbr
    sb2 kdbr[0]                                 @118      8073
    sb2 kdbr[1]                                 @120      8063
    
    BBED> p *kdbr[1]
    rowdata[0]
    ----------
    ub1 rowdata[0]                              @8163     0x2c
    
    BBED> x /rnc
    rowdata[0]                                  @8163    
    ----------
    flag@8163: 0x2c (KDRHFL, KDRHFF, KDRHFH)
    lock@8164: 0x01
    cols@8165:    2
    
    col    0[2] @8166: 2 
    col    1[3] @8169: xff
    
    
    BBED> p *kdbr[0]
    rowdata[10]
    -----------
    ub1 rowdata[10]                             @8173     0x2c
    
    BBED> x /rnc
    rowdata[10]                                 @8173    
    -----------
    flag@8173: 0x2c (KDRHFL, KDRHFF, KDRHFH)
    lock@8174: 0x01
    cols@8175:    2
    
    col    0[2] @8176: 1 
    col    1[8] @8179: XIFENFEI
    

      [引用]  [回复]

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