ASM DISK HEADER 备份与恢复

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标题:ASM DISK HEADER 备份与恢复

作者:惜分飞©版权所有[未经本人同意,不得以任何形式转载,否则有进一步追究法律责任的权利.]

最近遇到几次ASM DATA HEADER出问题导致DISK GROUP 不能正常的MOUNT,是的数据库不能正常工作,从来带来了无穷的麻烦,这个时候心想,如果我做了ASM DATA HEADER的备份该多好啊,可惜世上没有后悔药,建议大家检查下自己的ASM库,ASM HEADER是否已经做了备份,如果没有请及时处理下.这里试验提供了dd和kfed备份和恢复ASM HEADER
查询ASM相关信息

SQL> select group_number,name,state,total_mb,free_mb from v$asm_diskgroup;

GROUP_NUMBER NAME                           STATE        TOTAL_MB    FREE_MB
------------ ------------------------------ ---------- ---------- ----------
           1 DATA                           MOUNTED          2046       1314
           2 XIFENFEI                       MOUNTED          6141       4378

SQL> select group_number,DISK_NUMBER,PATH,STATE from v$asm_disk;

GROUP_NUMBER DISK_NUMBER PATH                           STATE
------------ ----------- ------------------------------ ----------------
           1           1 /dev/oracleasm/disks/VOL2      NORMAL
           1           0 /dev/oracleasm/disks/VOL1      NORMAL
           2           1 /dev/oracleasm/disks/VOL4      NORMAL
           2           0 /dev/oracleasm/disks/VOL3      NORMAL

找出ASM DISK对应磁盘分区

[grid@rac1 ~]$ /etc/init.d/oracleasm  querydisk -d VOL1
Disk "VOL1" is a valid ASM disk on device [8,33]
[grid@rac1 ~]$ ll /dev |grep 8|grep 33
brw-r----- 1 root disk     8,  33 Apr 17 11:37 sdc1
[grid@rac1 ~]$ /etc/init.d/oracleasm  querydisk -d VOL2
Disk "VOL2" is a valid ASM disk on device [8,34]
[grid@rac1 ~]$ ll /dev |grep 8|grep 34
brw-r----- 1 root disk     8,  34 Apr 17 11:37 sdc2
[grid@rac1 ~]$ /etc/init.d/oracleasm  querydisk -d VOL3
Disk "VOL3" is a valid ASM disk on device [8,17]
[grid@rac1 ~]$ ll /dev |grep 8,|grep 17
brw-r----- 1 root disk     8,  17 Apr 17 11:37 sdb1
[grid@rac1 ~]$ /etc/init.d/oracleasm  querydisk -d VOL4
Disk "VOL4" is a valid ASM disk on device [8,18]
[grid@rac1 ~]$ ll /dev |grep 8,|grep 18
brw-r----- 1 root disk     8,  18 Apr 17 11:37 sdb2

备份ASM HEADER信息(备份XIFENFEI磁盘组)

--dd方式备份
[root@rac1 backup_asmheader]# dd if=/dev/sdb1 of=vol3header.dd bs=4096 count=1
1+0 records in
1+0 records out
4096 bytes (4.1 kB) copied, 0.000143581 seconds, 28.5 MB/s
[root@rac1 backup_asmheader]# dd if=/dev/sdb2 of=vol4header.dd bs=4096 count=1
1+0 records in
1+0 records out
4096 bytes (4.1 kB) copied, 0.000147727 seconds, 27.7 MB/s

--kfed方式备份
[grid@rac1 backup_asmheader]$ kfed read /dev/oracleasm/disks/VOL3 text=vol3header.txt
[grid@rac1 backup_asmheader]$ more vol3header.txt 
kfbh.endian:                          1 ; 0x000: 0x01
kfbh.hard:                          130 ; 0x001: 0x82
kfbh.type:                            1 ; 0x002: KFBTYP_DISKHEAD
kfbh.datfmt:                          1 ; 0x003: 0x01
kfbh.block.blk:                       0 ; 0x004: blk=0
kfbh.block.obj:              2147483648 ; 0x008: disk=0
kfbh.check:                   198826195 ; 0x00c: 0x0bd9d8d3
kfbh.fcn.base:                        0 ; 0x010: 0x00000000
kfbh.fcn.wrap:                        0 ; 0x014: 0x00000000
kfbh.spare1:                          0 ; 0x018: 0x00000000
kfbh.spare2:                          0 ; 0x01c: 0x00000000
kfdhdb.driver.provstr:     ORCLDISKVOL3 ; 0x000: length=12
kfdhdb.driver.reserved[0]:    860639062 ; 0x008: 0x334c4f56
kfdhdb.driver.reserved[1]:            0 ; 0x00c: 0x00000000
kfdhdb.driver.reserved[2]:            0 ; 0x010: 0x00000000
kfdhdb.driver.reserved[3]:            0 ; 0x014: 0x00000000
kfdhdb.driver.reserved[4]:            0 ; 0x018: 0x00000000
kfdhdb.driver.reserved[5]:            0 ; 0x01c: 0x00000000
kfdhdb.compat:                186646528 ; 0x020: 0x0b200000
kfdhdb.dsknum:                        0 ; 0x024: 0x0000
kfdhdb.grptyp:                        1 ; 0x026: KFDGTP_EXTERNAL
kfdhdb.hdrsts:                        3 ; 0x027: KFDHDR_MEMBER
kfdhdb.dskname:           XIFENFEI_0000 ; 0x028: length=13
kfdhdb.grpname:                XIFENFEI ; 0x048: length=8
kfdhdb.fgname:            XIFENFEI_0000 ; 0x068: length=13
kfdhdb.capname:                         ; 0x088: length=0
kfdhdb.crestmp.hi:             32967790 ; 0x0a8: HOUR=0xe DAYS=0x3 MNTH=0x3 YEAR=0x7dc
kfdhdb.crestmp.lo:           2015933440 ; 0x0ac: USEC=0x0 MSEC=0x22d SECS=0x2 MINS=0x1e
kfdhdb.mntstmp.hi:             32969259 ; 0x0b0: HOUR=0xb DAYS=0x11 MNTH=0x4 YEAR=0x7dc
kfdhdb.mntstmp.lo:           2707277824 ; 0x0b4: USEC=0x0 MSEC=0x372 SECS=0x15 MINS=0x28
kfdhdb.secsize:                     512 ; 0x0b8: 0x0200
kfdhdb.blksize:                    4096 ; 0x0ba: 0x1000
kfdhdb.ausize:                  1048576 ; 0x0bc: 0x00100000
kfdhdb.mfact:                    113792 ; 0x0c0: 0x0001bc80
kfdhdb.dsksize:                    2353 ; 0x0c4: 0x00000931
kfdhdb.pmcnt:                         2 ; 0x0c8: 0x00000002
kfdhdb.fstlocn:                       1 ; 0x0cc: 0x00000001
kfdhdb.altlocn:                       2 ; 0x0d0: 0x00000002
kfdhdb.f1b1locn:                      2 ; 0x0d4: 0x00000002
kfdhdb.redomirrors[0]:                0 ; 0x0d8: 0x0000
kfdhdb.redomirrors[1]:                0 ; 0x0da: 0x0000
kfdhdb.redomirrors[2]:                0 ; 0x0dc: 0x0000
kfdhdb.redomirrors[3]:                0 ; 0x0de: 0x0000
kfdhdb.dbcompat:              168820736 ; 0x0e0: 0x0a100000
kfdhdb.grpstmp.hi:             32967790 ; 0x0e4: HOUR=0xe DAYS=0x3 MNTH=0x3 YEAR=0x7dc
kfdhdb.grpstmp.lo:           2015746048 ; 0x0e8: USEC=0x0 MSEC=0x176 SECS=0x2 MINS=0x1e
kfdhdb.vfstart:                       0 ; 0x0ec: 0x00000000
kfdhdb.vfend:                         0 ; 0x0f0: 0x00000000
kfdhdb.spfile:                        0 ; 0x0f4: 0x00000000
kfdhdb.spfflg:                        0 ; 0x0f8: 0x00000000
kfdhdb.ub4spare[0]:                   0 ; 0x0fc: 0x00000000
kfdhdb.ub4spare[1]:                   0 ; 0x100: 0x00000000
kfdhdb.ub4spare[2]:                   0 ; 0x104: 0x00000000
kfdhdb.ub4spare[3]:                   0 ; 0x108: 0x00000000
kfdhdb.ub4spare[4]:                   0 ; 0x10c: 0x00000000
kfdhdb.ub4spare[5]:                   0 ; 0x110: 0x00000000
kfdhdb.ub4spare[6]:                   0 ; 0x114: 0x00000000
kfdhdb.ub4spare[7]:                   0 ; 0x118: 0x00000000
kfdhdb.ub4spare[8]:                   0 ; 0x11c: 0x00000000
kfdhdb.ub4spare[9]:                   0 ; 0x120: 0x00000000
kfdhdb.ub4spare[10]:                  0 ; 0x124: 0x00000000
kfdhdb.ub4spare[11]:                  0 ; 0x128: 0x00000000
kfdhdb.ub4spare[12]:                  0 ; 0x12c: 0x00000000
kfdhdb.ub4spare[13]:                  0 ; 0x130: 0x00000000
kfdhdb.ub4spare[14]:                  0 ; 0x134: 0x00000000
kfdhdb.ub4spare[15]:                  0 ; 0x138: 0x00000000
kfdhdb.ub4spare[16]:                  0 ; 0x13c: 0x00000000
kfdhdb.ub4spare[17]:                  0 ; 0x140: 0x00000000
kfdhdb.ub4spare[18]:                  0 ; 0x144: 0x00000000
kfdhdb.ub4spare[19]:                  0 ; 0x148: 0x00000000
kfdhdb.ub4spare[20]:                  0 ; 0x14c: 0x00000000
kfdhdb.ub4spare[21]:                  0 ; 0x150: 0x00000000
kfdhdb.ub4spare[22]:                  0 ; 0x154: 0x00000000
kfdhdb.ub4spare[23]:                  0 ; 0x158: 0x00000000
kfdhdb.ub4spare[24]:                  0 ; 0x15c: 0x00000000
kfdhdb.ub4spare[25]:                  0 ; 0x160: 0x00000000
kfdhdb.ub4spare[26]:                  0 ; 0x164: 0x00000000
kfdhdb.ub4spare[27]:                  0 ; 0x168: 0x00000000
kfdhdb.ub4spare[28]:                  0 ; 0x16c: 0x00000000
kfdhdb.ub4spare[29]:                  0 ; 0x170: 0x00000000
kfdhdb.ub4spare[30]:                  0 ; 0x174: 0x00000000
kfdhdb.ub4spare[31]:                  0 ; 0x178: 0x00000000
kfdhdb.ub4spare[32]:                  0 ; 0x17c: 0x00000000
kfdhdb.ub4spare[33]:                  0 ; 0x180: 0x00000000
kfdhdb.ub4spare[34]:                  0 ; 0x184: 0x00000000
kfdhdb.ub4spare[35]:                  0 ; 0x188: 0x00000000
kfdhdb.ub4spare[36]:                  0 ; 0x18c: 0x00000000
kfdhdb.ub4spare[37]:                  0 ; 0x190: 0x00000000
kfdhdb.ub4spare[38]:                  0 ; 0x194: 0x00000000
kfdhdb.ub4spare[39]:                  0 ; 0x198: 0x00000000
kfdhdb.ub4spare[40]:                  0 ; 0x19c: 0x00000000
kfdhdb.ub4spare[41]:                  0 ; 0x1a0: 0x00000000
kfdhdb.ub4spare[42]:                  0 ; 0x1a4: 0x00000000
kfdhdb.ub4spare[43]:                  0 ; 0x1a8: 0x00000000
kfdhdb.ub4spare[44]:                  0 ; 0x1ac: 0x00000000
kfdhdb.ub4spare[45]:                  0 ; 0x1b0: 0x00000000
kfdhdb.ub4spare[46]:                  0 ; 0x1b4: 0x00000000
kfdhdb.ub4spare[47]:                  0 ; 0x1b8: 0x00000000
kfdhdb.ub4spare[48]:                  0 ; 0x1bc: 0x00000000
kfdhdb.ub4spare[49]:                  0 ; 0x1c0: 0x00000000
kfdhdb.ub4spare[50]:                  0 ; 0x1c4: 0x00000000
kfdhdb.ub4spare[51]:                  0 ; 0x1c8: 0x00000000
kfdhdb.ub4spare[52]:                  0 ; 0x1cc: 0x00000000
kfdhdb.ub4spare[53]:                  0 ; 0x1d0: 0x00000000
kfdhdb.acdb.aba.seq:                  0 ; 0x1d4: 0x00000000
kfdhdb.acdb.aba.blk:                  0 ; 0x1d8: 0x00000000
kfdhdb.acdb.ents:                     0 ; 0x1dc: 0x0000
kfdhdb.acdb.ub2spare:                 0 ; 0x1de: 0x0000
[grid@rac1 backup_asmheader]$ kfed read /dev/oracleasm/disks/VOL4 text=vol4header.txt

破坏VOL3 ASM磁盘

[root@rac1 backup_asmheader]# dd if=/dev/zero of=/dev/sdb1 bs=4096 count=1
1+0 records in
1+0 records out
4096 bytes (4.1 kB) copied, 0.00165264 seconds, 2.5 MB/s

[grid@rac1 backup_asmheader]$ kfed read /dev/oracleasm/disks/VOL3
kfbh.endian:                          0 ; 0x000: 0x00
kfbh.hard:                            0 ; 0x001: 0x00
kfbh.type:                            0 ; 0x002: KFBTYP_INVALID
kfbh.datfmt:                          0 ; 0x003: 0x00
kfbh.block.blk:                       0 ; 0x004: blk=0
kfbh.block.obj:                       0 ; 0x008: file=0
kfbh.check:                           0 ; 0x00c: 0x00000000
kfbh.fcn.base:                        0 ; 0x010: 0x00000000
kfbh.fcn.wrap:                        0 ; 0x014: 0x00000000
kfbh.spare1:                          0 ; 0x018: 0x00000000
kfbh.spare2:                          0 ; 0x01c: 0x00000000
B4BFE200 00000000 00000000 00000000 00000000  [................]
  Repeat 255 times
KFED-00322: Invalid content encountered during block traversal: [kfbtTraverseBlock][Invalid OSM block type][][0]

启动ASM

[grid@rac1 backup_asmheader]$ sqlplus / as sysoper

SQL*Plus: Release 11.2.0.3.0 Production on Tue Apr 17 12:29:42 2012

Copyright (c) 1982, 2011, Oracle.  All rights reserved.

Connected to an idle instance.

SQL> startup
ASM instance started
ORA-15032: not all alterations performed
ORA-15017: diskgroup "XIFENFEI" cannot be mounted
ORA-15063: ASM discovered an insufficient number of disks for diskgroup
"XIFENFEI"

恢复ASM DATE HEADER

--dd 恢复
[root@rac1 backup_asmheader]# dd if=vol3header.dd of=/dev/sdb1 bs=4096 count=1
1+0 records in
1+0 records out
4096 bytes (4.1 kB) copied, 0.00197913 seconds, 2.1 MB/s

--kfed 恢复
[grid@rac1 backup_asmheader]$ kfed merge /dev/oracleasm/disks/VOL3 text=vol3header.txt

MOUNT DISKGROUP

SQL> alter diskgroup xifenfei mount;

Diskgroup altered.
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ASM DISK HEADER 备份与恢复》有 3 条评论

  1. 惜分飞 说:

    文件头的第一个block 是不会改变的

      [引用]  [回复]

  2. Dean 说:

    请问下,这样备份的文件头,如果asm里有数据变化也能直接恢复嘛?谢谢

      [引用]  [回复]

  3. 新季 说:

    dd if=vol3header.dd of=/dev/sdb1 bs=4096 count=1
    ASM HEADER信息正好是4K吗

      [引用]  [回复]

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