_allow_resetlogs_corruption和adjust_scn解决ORA-01190

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标题:_allow_resetlogs_corruption和adjust_scn解决ORA-01190

作者:惜分飞©版权所有[未经本人同意,不得以任何形式转载,否则有进一步追究法律责任的权利.]

一、模拟offline文件然后resetlogs操作

1.设置datafile 5数据文件offline
2.rman备份数据库
3.关闭原数据库,删除数据文件/当前日志和部分归档日志
4.执行不完全恢复,resetlogs打开数据库(如下面操作)
[oracle@xifenfei ora11g]$ sqlplus / as sysdba

SQL*Plus: Release 11.2.0.3.0 Production on Thu Mar 15 07:36:59 2012

Copyright (c) 1982, 2011, Oracle.  All rights reserved.


Connected to:
Oracle Database 11g Enterprise Edition Release 11.2.0.3.0 - Production
With the Partitioning, OLAP, Data Mining and Real Application Testing options

SQL> recover database until cancel;
ORA-00279: change 868870 generated at 03/15/2012 03:32:11 needed for thread 1
ORA-00289: suggestion :
/u01/oracle/oradata/archivelog/ora11g/1_29_777766629.dbf
ORA-00280: change 868870 for thread 1 is in sequence #29


Specify log: {<RET>=suggested | filename | AUTO | CANCEL}
cancel
Media recovery cancelled.
SQL> alter database open;
alter database open
*
ERROR at line 1:
ORA-01589: must use RESETLOGS or NORESETLOGS option for database open


SQL> alter database open resetlogs;

Database altered.

SQL> select file#,online_status,to_char(change#,'999999999999') from v$recover_file;

     FILE# ONLINE_STATUS  TO_CHAR(CHANGE#,'999999999
---------- -------------- --------------------------
         5 OFFLINE               868810

SQL> alter database datafile 5 online;
alter database datafile 5 online
*
ERROR at line 1:
ORA-01190: control file or data file 5 is from before the last RESETLOGS
ORA-01110: data file 5: '/u01/oracle/oradata/ora11g/xifenfei01.dbf'


SQL> select file#,to_char(checkpoint_change#,'999999999999'),
  2  to_char(last_change#,'999999999999') from v$datafile;

     FILE# TO_CHAR(CHECKPOINT_CHANGE# TO_CHAR(LAST_CHANGE#,'9999
---------- -------------------------- --------------------------
         1        868874
         2        868874
         3        868874
         4        868874
         5        868810                     868874

--可以看到offline的数据文件,没有因为resetlogs操作而改变
--CHECKPOINT_CHANGE#和RESETLOGS_CHANGE#信息
SQL> select file#,to_char(checkpoint_change#,'999999999999'),
  2  to_char(RESETLOGS_CHANGE#,'999999999999')
  3  from v$datafile_header;

     FILE# TO_CHAR(CHECKPOINT_CHANGE# TO_CHAR(RESETLOGS_CHANGE#,
---------- -------------------------- --------------------------
         1        868874                     868871
         2        868874                     868871
         3        868874                     868871
         4        868874                     868871
         5        868810                     787897

二、隐含参数设置

SQL> create pfile='/tmp/pfile' from spfile;

File created.

SQL> shutdown immediate;
Database closed.
Database dismounted.
ORACLE instance shut down.

在pfile中增加
_allow_resetlogs_corruption=true
_allow_error_simulation=TRUE(10g及其以上版本需要)

三、打开数据库,online离线文件

SQL> startup pfile='/tmp/pfile' mount;
ORACLE instance started.

Total System Global Area  368263168 bytes
Fixed Size                  1345016 bytes
Variable Size             293603848 bytes
Database Buffers           67108864 bytes
Redo Buffers                6205440 bytes
Database mounted.
--在mount状态下执行
SQL> alter session set events '10015 trace name adjust_scn level 2';

Session altered.


--[一定要]在mount状态下执行online操作
SQL> alter database datafile 5 online;

Database altered.
SQL> recover database until cancel;
ORA-00279: change 868810 generated at 03/13/2012 22:19:37 needed for thread 1
ORA-00289: suggestion :
/u01/oracle/oradata/archivelog/ora11g/1_27_777766629.dbf
ORA-00280: change 868810 for thread 1 is in sequence #27


Specify log: {<RET>=suggested | filename | AUTO | CANCEL}
cancel
ORA-01547: warning: RECOVER succeeded but OPEN RESETLOGS would get error below
ORA-01190: control file or data file 1 is from before the last RESETLOGS
ORA-01110: data file 1: '/u01/oracle/oradata/ora11g/system01.dbf'


ORA-01112: media recovery not started


SQL> alter database open resetlogs;

Database altered.

SQL> select file#,online_status,to_char(change#,'999999999999') from v$recover_file;

no rows selected

姊妹篇:bbed解决ORA-01190

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