手动提交分布式事务一例

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标题:手动提交分布式事务一例

作者:惜分飞©版权所有[未经本人同意,不得以任何形式转载,否则有进一步追究法律责任的权利.]

一.alert文件中出现了很多类此记录

Fri Feb 10 05:25:01 2012
Errors in file /tmp/recover/ahcx216_reco_7956.trc:
ORA-12154: TNS:could not resolve service name
Fri Feb 10 05:25:01 2012
Errors in file /tmp/recover/ahcx216_reco_7956.trc:
ORA-12154: TNS:could not resolve service name

这里可以看出来两个信息:
1.出错的进程是rec0进程,而该进程的作用是解决分布式事务失败后遗留问题(事务提交或者回滚)
2.错误信息是tns不能被解析

二.查看trace文件

/tmp/recover/ahcx216_reco_7956.trc
Oracle9i Enterprise Edition Release 9.2.0.8.0 - Production
With the Partitioning, OLAP and Oracle Data Mining options
JServer Release 9.2.0.8.0 - Production
ORACLE_HOME = /opt/oracle/product/9.2.0/db_1
System name:    Linux
Node name:      localhost.localdomain
Release:        2.6.9-89.0.0.0.1.ELhugemem
Version:        #1 SMP Tue May 19 04:38:38 EDT 2009
Machine:        i686
Instance name: ahcx216
Redo thread mounted by this instance: 1
Oracle process number: 7
Unix process pid: 7956, image: oracle@localhost.localdomain (RECO)


*** SESSION ID:(6.1) 2012-02-10 04:58:24.886
*** 2012-02-10 04:58:24.886
ERROR, tran=6.1.712757, session#=1, ose=0:
ORA-12154: TNS:could not resolve service name
………………
*** 2012-02-10 05:25:01.580
ERROR, tran=6.1.712757, session#=1, ose=0:
ORA-12154: TNS:could not resolve service name
*** 2012-02-10 05:25:01.627
ERROR, tran=12.19.99059, session#=1, ose=0:
ORA-12154: TNS:could not resolve service name

通过这里我们可以看出事务id分别为12.19.99059和6.1.712757有问题

三.查看dba_2pc_pending视图

SQL> select local_tran_id,state,fail_time,retry_time from dba_2pc_pending;

LOCAL_TRAN_ID     STATE            FAIL_TIME           RETRY_TIME
-------------- ---------------- --------------       --------------
6.1.712757	collecting	2010/12/1 13:39:03   2012/2/10 5:38:52
12.19.99059	collecting	2010/12/1 15:56:26   2012/2/10 5:38:52

可以看出,果然有两个分布式事务在2010年12月1日出了问题(本库是一个问题库,在把库拉起来后发现该问题)
因为是异机恢复,而且间隔时间较长,很多tns的信息都已经不存在,所以需要手工提交分布式事务

四.手动提交事务

SQL> BEGIN
  2  DBMS_TRANSACTION.PURGE_LOST_DB_ENTRY('6.1.712757');
  3  DBMS_TRANSACTION.PURGE_LOST_DB_ENTRY('12.19.99059');
  4  END;
  5  /
BEGIN
*
第 1 行出现错误:
ORA-30019: Illegal rollback Segment operation in Automatic Undo mode
ORA-06512: at "SYS.DBMS_TRANSACTION", line 65
ORA-06512: at "SYS.DBMS_TRANSACTION", line 85
ORA-06512: at line 2

SQL> alter session set "_smu_debug_mode"=4;

Session altered.

-------------------------------------------------------------
--设置UNDO_SUPPRESS_ERRORS=true也可以解决此问题
alter system set UNDO_SUPPRESS_ERRORS = TRUE;
EXECUTE DBMS_TRANSACTION.PURGE_LOST_DB_ENTRY('<事务ID>');
commit;
alter system set UNDO_SUPPRESS_ERRORS = false;
--------------------------------------------------------------

SQL> commit;

SQL> exec DBMS_TRANSACTION.PURGE_LOST_DB_ENTRY('6.1.712757');

PL/SQL procedure successfully completed.


SQL> exec DBMS_TRANSACTION.PURGE_LOST_DB_ENTRY('12.19.99059');
BEGIN DBMS_TRANSACTION.PURGE_LOST_DB_ENTRY('12.19.99059'); END;

*
ERROR at line 1:
ORA-01453: SET TRANSACTION must be first statement of transaction
ORA-06512: at "SYS.DBMS_TRANSACTION", line 65
ORA-06512: at "SYS.DBMS_TRANSACTION", line 85
ORA-06512: at line 1
--第一个分布式事务处理后,未提交导致

SQL> commit;

Commit complete.

SQL> exec DBMS_TRANSACTION.PURGE_LOST_DB_ENTRY('12.19.99059');

PL/SQL procedure successfully completed.

SQL> commit;

Commit complete.

五.补充说明
开始在另一个会话中,执行失败原因

SQL> alter session set "_smu_debug_mode"=4;

会话已更改。

SQL> commit;

提交完成。

SQL> BEGIN
  2  DBMS_TRANSACTION.PURGE_LOST_DB_ENTRY('6.1.712757');
  3  DBMS_TRANSACTION.PURGE_LOST_DB_ENTRY('12.19.99059');
  4  END;
  5  /
BEGIN
*
第 1 行出现错误:
ORA-01453: SET TRANSACTION must be first statement of transaction
ORA-06512: at "SYS.DBMS_TRANSACTION", line 65
ORA-06512: at "SYS.DBMS_TRANSACTION", line 85
ORA-06512: at line 3

因为这里的begin end中包含了两个事务的清理,在清理完第一个事务之后,需要提交才能够清理第二个,这里因为没有提交,导致ORA-01453错误。

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