使用bbed解决ORA-00600[2662]

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标题:使用bbed解决ORA-00600[2662]

作者:惜分飞©版权所有[未经本人同意,不得以任何形式转载,否则有进一步追究法律责任的权利.]

一、数据库启动报ORA-00600[2662]

[oracle@node1 ora11g]$ sqlplus / as sysdba

SQL*Plus: Release 11.2.0.3.0 Production on Thu Dec 22 14:37:00 2011

Copyright (c) 1982, 2011, Oracle.  All rights reserved.

Connected to an idle instance.

SQL> startup
ORACLE instance started.

Total System Global Area 2137886720 bytes
Fixed Size                  2230072 bytes
Variable Size            1493174472 bytes
Database Buffers          637534208 bytes
Redo Buffers                4947968 bytes
Database mounted.
ORA-01092: ORACLE instance terminated. Disconnection forced
ORA-00600: internal error code, arguments: [2662], [2], [2147510731], [2],
[2164287937], [4194432], [], [], [], [], [], []
Process ID: 16829
Session ID: 96 Serial number: 3

二.alert日志错误显示

Thu Dec 22 14:37:09 2011
ALTER DATABASE OPEN
LGWR: STARTING ARCH PROCESSES
Thu Dec 22 14:37:09 2011
ARC0 started with pid=20, OS id=16831 
ARC0: Archival started
LGWR: STARTING ARCH PROCESSES COMPLETE
ARC0: STARTING ARCH PROCESSES
Thu Dec 22 14:37:10 2011
ARC1 started with pid=21, OS id=16833 
Thu Dec 22 14:37:10 2011
ARC2 started with pid=22, OS id=16835 
Thu Dec 22 14:37:10 2011
ARC3 started with pid=23, OS id=16837 
ARC1: Archival started
ARC2: Archival started
ARC2: Becoming the 'no FAL' ARCH
ARC2: Becoming the 'no SRL' ARCH
ARC1: Becoming the heartbeat ARCH
Thread 1 opened at log sequence 17
  Current log# 2 seq# 17 mem# 0: /opt/oracle/oradata/ora11g/redo02.log
Successful open of redo thread 1
MTTR advisory is disabled because FAST_START_MTTR_TARGET is not set
SMON: enabling cache recovery
Errors in file /opt/oracle/diag/rdbms/ora11g/ora11g/trace/ora11g_ora_16829.trc  (incident=36156):
ORA-00600: internal error code, arguments: [2662], [2], [2147510731], [2], [2164287937], [4194432], [], [], [], [], [], []
Incident details in: /opt/oracle/diag/rdbms/ora11g/ora11g/incident/incdir_36156/ora11g_ora_16829_i36156.trc
ARC3: Archival started
ARC0: STARTING ARCH PROCESSES COMPLETE
Use ADRCI or Support Workbench to package the incident.
See Note 411.1 at My Oracle Support for error and packaging details.
Errors in file /opt/oracle/diag/rdbms/ora11g/ora11g/trace/ora11g_ora_16829.trc  (incident=36157):
ORA-00600: internal error code, arguments: [2662], [2], [2147510731], [2], [2164287937], [4194432], [], [], [], [], [], []
Incident details in: /opt/oracle/diag/rdbms/ora11g/ora11g/incident/incdir_36157/ora11g_ora_16829_i36157.trc
Dumping diagnostic data in directory=[cdmp_20111222143713], requested by (instance=1, osid=16829), summary=[incident=36156].
Use ADRCI or Support Workbench to package the incident.
See Note 411.1 at My Oracle Support for error and packaging details.
Undo initialization errored: err:600 serial:0 start:176607884 end:176611234 diff:3350 (33 seconds)
Errors in file /opt/oracle/diag/rdbms/ora11g/ora11g/trace/ora11g_ora_16829.trc:
ORA-00600: internal error code, arguments: [2662], [2], [2147510731], [2], [2164287937], [4194432], [], [], [], [], [], []
Errors in file /opt/oracle/diag/rdbms/ora11g/ora11g/trace/ora11g_ora_16829.trc:
ORA-00600: internal error code, arguments: [2662], [2], [2147510731], [2], [2164287937], [4194432], [], [], [], [], [], []
Error 600 happened during db open, shutting down database
USER (ospid: 16829): terminating the instance due to error 600
Instance terminated by USER, pid = 16829
ORA-1092 signalled during: ALTER DATABASE OPEN...
opiodr aborting process unknown ospid (16829) as a result of ORA-1092
Thu Dec 22 14:37:15 2011
ORA-1092 : opitsk aborting process

三.分析日志
ORA-00600[2662]主要参数说明见:ORA-00600 [2662]
这里补充说明:e表示出现异常问题的数据块的DBA,这里的4194432就是一个数据块的DBA

--通过DBA地址查询数据块和文件号
SQL> select dbms_utility.data_block_address_block(4194432) "blick",
  2    dbms_utility.data_block_address_file(4194432) "file" from dual;

     blick       file
---------- ----------
       128          1

--当前数据库SCN
SQL> select to_char(2147510731,'xxxxxxxxxxx') from dual;

TO_CHAR(2147
------------
    800069cb

--当前数据块SCN
SQL> select to_char(2164287937,'xxxxxxxxxxx') from dual;

TO_CHAR(2164
------------
    810069c1

四.bbed查看相关SCN

[oracle@node1 ora11g]$ bbed
Password: 
BBED-00113: Invalid password. Please rerun utility with the correct password.

[oracle@node1 ora11g]$ bbed
Password: 

BBED: Release 2.0.0.0.0 - Limited Production on Thu Dec 22 14:49:24 2011

Copyright (c) 1982, 2011, Oracle and/or its affiliates.  All rights reserved.

************* !!! For Oracle Internal Use only !!! ***************

BBED> set filename "/opt/oracle/oradata/ora11g/system01.dbf"
        FILENAME        /opt/oracle/oradata/ora11g/system01.dbf

BBED> set block 1
        BLOCK#          1

BBED> p kcvfhckp
struct kcvfhckp, 36 bytes                   @484     
   struct kcvcpscn, 8 bytes                 @484     
      ub4 kscnbas                           @484      0x800069c8
      ub2 kscnwrp                           @488      0x0002
   ub4 kcvcptim                             @492      0x2dedee96
   ub2 kcvcpthr                             @496      0x0001
   union u, 12 bytes                        @500     
      struct kcvcprba, 12 bytes             @500     
         ub4 kcrbaseq                       @500      0x00000011
         ub4 kcrbabno                       @504      0x0000210f
         ub2 kcrbabof                       @508      0x0010
   ub1 kcvcpetb[0]                          @512      0x02
   ub1 kcvcpetb[1]                          @513      0x00
   ub1 kcvcpetb[2]                          @514      0x00
   ub1 kcvcpetb[3]                          @515      0x00
   ub1 kcvcpetb[4]                          @516      0x00
   ub1 kcvcpetb[5]                          @517      0x00
   ub1 kcvcpetb[6]                          @518      0x00
   ub1 kcvcpetb[7]                          @519      0x00

BBED> set block 128
        BLOCK#          128

BBED> p bas_kcbh
ub4 bas_kcbh                                @8        0x810069c1

BBED> p wrp_kcbh
ub2 wrp_kcbh                                @12       0x0002

这里看到的SCN(16进制)和我们在alert日志中看到的有一定的出入原因是在数据库启动的时候,当前SCN增加了,但是因为数据库直接abort,没有写入到数据文件中。导致数据文件头部的SCN比alert中显示的稍微小一点(还有可能,系统当前的scn比system01.dbf的scn大一点)。通过对比数据块和数据文件头部的SCN也可以说明当数据块的SCN>数据块当前SCN导致ORA-00600[2662]

五.bbed修改数据块的SCN

BBED> set offset 8
        OFFSET          8

BBED> m /x c8690080
BBED-00215: editing not allowed in BROWSE mode


BBED> set mode edit
        MODE            Edit

BBED> m /x c8690080
BBED-00209: invalid number (c8690080)
--分开修改,曲线救国策略

BBED> m /x c869
Warning: contents of previous BIFILE will be lost. Proceed? (Y/N) y
 File: /opt/oracle/oradata/ora11g/system01.dbf (0)
 Block: 128              Offsets:    8 to  519           Dba:0x00000000
------------------------------------------------------------------------
 c8690081 02000104 2f8f0000 00000000 00000000 00000000 00000000 06000000 
 2f000000 20100000 00000000 00000000 07000000 81004000 00000000 00000000 
 00000000 00000000 00000000 00000000 00000000 06000000 00000000 00000000 
 00000040 81004000 07000000 88004000 08000000 10024000 08000000 18024000 
 08000000 20024000 08000000 28024000 08000000 00000000 00000000 00000000 
 00000000 00000000 00000000 00000000 00000000 00000000 00000000 00000000 
 00000000 00000000 00000000 00000000 00000000 00000000 00000000 00000000 
 00000000 00000000 00000000 00000000 00000000 00000000 00000000 00000000 
 00000000 00000000 00000000 00000000 00000000 00000000 00000000 00000000 
 00000000 00000000 00000000 00000000 00000000 00000000 00000000 00000000 
 00000000 00000000 00000000 00000000 00000000 00000000 00000000 00000000 
 00000000 00000000 00000000 00000000 00000000 00000000 00000000 00000000 
 00000000 00000000 00000000 00000000 00000000 00000000 00000000 00000000 
 00000000 00000000 00000000 00000000 00000000 00000000 00000000 00000000 
 00000000 00000000 00000000 00000000 00000000 00000000 00000000 00000000 
 00000000 00000000 00000000 00000000 00000000 00000000 00000000 00000000 

 <32 bytes per line>

BBED> set offset +2
        OFFSET          10

BBED> m /x 0080
 File: /opt/oracle/oradata/ora11g/system01.dbf (0)
 Block: 128              Offsets:   10 to  521           Dba:0x00000000
------------------------------------------------------------------------
 00800200 01042f8f 00000000 00000000 00000000 00000000 00000600 00002f00 
 00002010 00000000 00000000 00000700 00008100 40000000 00000000 00000000 
 00000000 00000000 00000000 00000000 00000600 00000000 00000000 00000000 
 00408100 40000700 00008800 40000800 00001002 40000800 00001802 40000800 
 00002002 40000800 00002802 40000800 00000000 00000000 00000000 00000000 
 00000000 00000000 00000000 00000000 00000000 00000000 00000000 00000000 
 00000000 00000000 00000000 00000000 00000000 00000000 00000000 00000000 
 00000000 00000000 00000000 00000000 00000000 00000000 00000000 00000000 
 00000000 00000000 00000000 00000000 00000000 00000000 00000000 00000000 
 00000000 00000000 00000000 00000000 00000000 00000000 00000000 00000000 
 00000000 00000000 00000000 00000000 00000000 00000000 00000000 00000000 
 00000000 00000000 00000000 00000000 00000000 00000000 00000000 00000000 
 00000000 00000000 00000000 00000000 00000000 00000000 00000000 00000000 
 00000000 00000000 00000000 00000000 00000000 00000000 00000000 00000000 
 00000000 00000000 00000000 00000000 00000000 00000000 00000000 00000000 
 00000000 00000000 00000000 00000000 00000000 00000000 00000000 00000000 

 <32 bytes per line>

BBED> p tailchk
ub4 tailchk                                 @8188     0x69c10e01

BBED> set offset 8188
        OFFSET          8188

BBED> m /x 010ec869
 File: /opt/oracle/oradata/ora11g/system01.dbf (0)
 Block: 128              Offsets: 8188 to 8191           Dba:0x00000000
------------------------------------------------------------------------
 010ec869 

 <32 bytes per line>

BBED> p tailchk
ub4 tailchk                                 @8188     0x69c80e01

BBED> p bas_kcbh
ub4 bas_kcbh                                @8        0x800069c8

BBED> sum apply
Check value for File 0, Block 128:
current = 0x8e2f, required = 0x8e2f

BBED> exit

六.启动数据库

[oracle@node1 ora11g]$ sqlplus / as sysdba

SQL*Plus: Release 11.2.0.3.0 Production on Thu Dec 22 14:58:10 2011

Copyright (c) 1982, 2011, Oracle.  All rights reserved.

Connected to an idle instance.

SQL> startup
ORACLE instance started.

Total System Global Area 2137886720 bytes
Fixed Size                  2230072 bytes
Variable Size            1493174472 bytes
Database Buffers          637534208 bytes
Redo Buffers                4947968 bytes
Database mounted.
Database opened.

七.补充说明
一般遇到ORA-00600[2662]都是使用alter session set events ’10015 trace name adjust_scn level N’;方法处理,但是有时候会遇到ORA-01031错误,那就需要请bbed帮忙处理

OS Pid: 30268 executed alter session set events '10051 trace name adjust_scn level 2'
Thu Dec 22 12:04:07 2011
Errors in file /ora101/diag/rdbms/ora11/ora11/trace/ora11_ora_30268.trc:
ORA-01031: insufficient privileges
Thu Dec 22 12:04:43 2011
Errors in file /ora101/diag/rdbms/ora11/ora11/trace/ora11_ora_846.trc:
ORA-01031: insufficient privileges
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使用bbed解决ORA-00600[2662]》有 1 条评论

  1. 惜 分飞 说:

    通过dba查看file#,block总结

    --10进制dba
    select dbms_utility.data_block_address_block(4194432) "blick", 
     dbms_utility.data_block_address_file(4194432) "file" from dual;
    
    --16进制
    set serveroutput on
    declare
       p_dba   VARCHAR2 (255) :='0x00800212';
       l_str   VARCHAR2 (255) DEFAULT NULL;
    BEGIN
        l_str :=
             'datafile# is:'
          || DBMS_UTILITY.data_block_address_file (TO_NUMBER (LTRIM (p_dba, '0x'),'xxxxxxxx'))
          || chr(10)||'datablock is:'
          || DBMS_UTILITY.data_block_address_block (TO_NUMBER (LTRIM (p_dba, '0x'),'xxxxxxxx'));
       dbms_output.put_line(l_str);
    END;
    

    10/16进制互转

    --10 to 16
    select to_char(2147510731,'xxxxxxxxxxx') from dual;
    --16 to 10
    select to_number('800069c8','xxxxxxxxxxx') from dual;
    

      [引用]  [回复]

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