rman从多份备份中还原操作

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标题:rman从多份备份中还原操作

作者:惜分飞©版权所有[未经本人同意,不得以任何形式转载,否则有进一步追究法律责任的权利.]

1、现象重现

RMAN> shutdown immediate

database dismounted
Oracle instance shut down

RMAN> startup

connected to target database (not started)
Oracle instance started
database mounted
RMAN-00571: ===========================================================
RMAN-00569: =============== ERROR MESSAGE STACK FOLLOWS ===============
RMAN-00571: ===========================================================
RMAN-03002: failure of startup command at 11/18/2011 14:40:40
ORA-01157: cannot identify/lock data file 11 - see DBWR trace file
ORA-01110: data file 11: '/opt/oracle/oradata/test/xifenfei03.dbf'

RMAN> restore datafile 11;

Starting restore at 2011-11-18 14:41:04
allocated channel: ORA_DISK_1
channel ORA_DISK_1: sid=157 devtype=DISK

channel ORA_DISK_1: restoring datafile 00011
input datafile copy recid=13 stamp=767543949 filename=/tmp/11.dbf
destination for restore of datafile 00011: /opt/oracle/oradata/test/xifenfei03.dbf
ORA-19505: failed to identify file "/tmp/11.dbf"
ORA-27037: unable to obtain file status
Linux-x86_64 Error: 2: No such file or directory
Additional information: 3
ORA-19600: input file is datafile-copy 13 (/tmp/11.dbf)
ORA-19601: output file is datafile 11 (/opt/oracle/oradata/test/xifenfei03.dbf)
failover to previous backup

channel ORA_DISK_1: starting datafile backupset restore
channel ORA_DISK_1: specifying datafile(s) to restore from backup set
restoring datafile 00011 to /opt/oracle/oradata/test/xifenfei03.dbf
channel ORA_DISK_1: reading from backup piece /tmp/test_full_01mrkqdh_1_1
channel ORA_DISK_1: restored backup piece 1
piece handle=/tmp/test_full_01mrkqdh_1_1 tag=TAG20111114T124433
channel ORA_DISK_1: restore complete, elapsed time: 00:00:02
Finished restore at 2011-11-18 14:41:08

虽然整个过程datafile 11恢复成功了,但是在恢复过程中,先是去读取/tmp/11.dbf的copy文件,读取这个文件失败,然后继续使用/tmp/test_full_01mrkqdh_1_1来恢复数据文件,为什么会出现这样的情况呢?

2、原因分析

RMAN> list copy of datafile 11;


List of Datafile Copies
Key     File S Completion Time     Ckp SCN    Ckp Time            Name
------- ---- - ------------------- ---------- ------------------- ----
13      11   A 2011-11-18 14:39:09 11517136   2011-11-14 12:44:33 /tmp/11.dbf
--确实存在datafile 11的copy文件/tmp/11.dbf,并且有效
--checkpoint time为:2011-11-14 12:44:33,创建时间为:2011-11-18 14:39:09

RMAN> list backup of datafile 11;


List of Backup Sets
===================

BS Key  Type LV Size       Device Type Elapsed Time Completion Time    
------- ---- -- ---------- ----------- ------------ -------------------
1       Full    9.32G      DISK        00:04:24     2011-11-14 12:48:57
        BP Key: 1   Status: AVAILABLE  Compressed: NO  Tag: TAG20111114T124433
        Piece Name: /tmp/test_full_01mrkqdh_1_1
  List of Datafiles in backup set 1
  File LV Type Ckp SCN    Ckp Time            Name
  ---- -- ---- ---------- ------------------- ----
  11      Full 11517136   2011-11-14 12:44:33 /opt/oracle/oradata/test/xifenfei03.dbf
--backupset中也有datafile 11
--checkpoint time为:2011-11-14 12:44:33,创建时间为:2011-11-14 12:48:57

--通过比较这两个关于datafile 11的备份时间,rman自动选择了创建时间比较新的备份恢复

RMAN> crosscheck copy of datafile 11;

released channel: ORA_DISK_1
allocated channel: ORA_DISK_1
channel ORA_DISK_1: sid=157 devtype=DISK
validation failed for datafile copy
datafile copy filename=/tmp/11.dbf recid=13 stamp=767543949
Crosschecked 1 objects

RMAN> list copy of datafile 11;

List of Datafile Copies
Key     File S Completion Time     Ckp SCN    Ckp Time            Name
------- ---- - ------------------- ---------- ------------------- ----
13      11   X 2011-11-18 14:39:09 11517136   2011-11-14 12:44:33 /tmp/11.dbf
--通过检测发现/tmp/11.dbf是无效的,所以rman继续使用backupset进行恢复datafile 11

在有些时候,当rman对中关于一个对象的备份有多个(备份时间不一致),rman会从最新备份的开始还原,如果第一个失败,使用下一个备份,但是在有些时候可能第一个失败后,rman不自动使用下一个,这个时候的处理思路是:使用crosscheck backup/copy检测无效的备份,删除掉,继续执行

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