ORA-00845: MEMORY_TARGET not supported on this system

联系:手机(+86 13429648788) QQ(107644445)QQ咨询惜分飞

标题:ORA-00845: MEMORY_TARGET not supported on this system

作者:惜分飞©版权所有[未经本人同意,不得以任何形式转载,否则有进一步追究法律责任的权利.]

在Oracle 11g中如果采用AMM内存管理,那么当MEMORY_TARGET的值大于/dev/shm的时候,就会报ORA-00845: MEMORY_TARGET not supported on this system错误,解决办法增加/dev/shm大小,在redhat系列系统中,/dev/shm的默认值是系统总内存的一半

1、错误重现

SQL>SELECT *  FROM V$VERSION;
 
BANNER
——————————————————————————–
Oracle Database 11g Enterprise Edition Release 11.2.0.3.0 – Production
PL/SQL Release 11.2.0.3.0 – Production
CORE    11.2.0.3.0      Production
TNS for Linux: Version 11.2.0.3.0 – Production
NLSRTL Version 11.2.0.3.0 – Production
 
SQL>show parameter memory;
 
NAME                                 TYPE        VALUE
———————————— ———– ——————————
hi_shared_memory_address             integer     0
memory_max_target                    big integer 500M
memory_target                        big integer 500M
shared_memory_address                integer     0
SQL>alter system set memory_max_target=800m;
alter system set memory_max_target=800m
                 *
ERROR at line 1:
ORA-02095: specified initialization parameter cannot be modified
 
 
SQL>alter system set memory_max_target=800m scope=spfile;
 
System altered.
 
SQL>alter system set memory_target=800m scope=spfile; 
 
System altered.
 
SQL>shutdown immediate;
Database closed.
Database dismounted.
ORACLE instance shut down.
SQL>exit
Disconnected from Oracle Database 11g Enterprise Edition Release 11.2.0.3.0 – Production
With the Partitioning, OLAP, Data Mining and Real Application Testing options
[oracle@xifenfei admin]$ sqlplus / as sysdba
 
SQL*Plus: Release 11.2.0.3.0 Production on Sat Nov 5 19:01:18 2011
 
Copyright (c) 1982, 2011, Oracle.  All rights reserved.
 
Connected to an idle instance.
 
SQL>startup
ORA-00845: MEMORY_TARGET not supported on this system
SQL>!oerr ora 845
00845, 00000, "MEMORY_TARGET not supported on this system"
// *Cause: The MEMORY_TARGET parameter was not supported on this operating system or /dev/shm was not sized correctly on Linux.
// *Action: Refer to documentation for a list of supported operating systems. Or, size /dev/shm to be at least the SGA_MAX_SIZE on each Oracle instance running on the system.

2、修改/dev/shm大小

[root@xifenfei ~]# df -h
Filesystem            Size  Used Avail Use% Mounted on
/dev/mapper/vg_xifenfei-lv_root
                       17G   13G  3.9G  77% /
tmpfs                 590M     0  590M   0% /dev/shm
/dev/sda1             485M   30M  430M   7% /boot
[root@xifenfei ~]# mount -o size=900M -o nr_inodes=1000000 -o noatime,nodiratime -o remount /dev/shm
[root@xifenfei ~]# df -h
Filesystem            Size  Used Avail Use% Mounted on
/dev/mapper/vg_xifenfei-lv_root
                       17G   13G  3.9G  77% /
tmpfs                 900M     0  900M   0% /dev/shm
/dev/sda1             485M   30M  430M   7% /boot
[root@xifenfei ~]# vi /etc/fstab 
 
 
#
# /etc/fstab
# Created by anaconda on Sat Nov  5 02:49:30 2011
#
# Accessible filesystems, by reference, are maintained under '/dev/disk'
# See man pages fstab(5), findfs(8), mount(8) and/or blkid(8) for more info
#
/dev/mapper/vg_xifenfei-lv_root /                       ext4    defaults        1 1
UUID=7ace6c04-d232-43ac-9ef5-70ea92fe49bd /boot                   ext4    defaults        1 2
/dev/mapper/vg_xifenfei-lv_swap swap                    swap    defaults        0 0
tmpfs                   /dev/shm                tmpfs   defaults,size=900M        0 0
devpts                  /dev/pts                devpts  gid=5,mode=620  0 0
sysfs                   /sys                    sysfs   defaults        0 0
proc                    /proc                   proc    defaults        0 0

3、启动数据库验证

[oracle@xifenfei admin]$ sqlplus / as sysdba
 
SQL*Plus: Release 11.2.0.3.0 Production on Sat Nov 5 19:03:51 2011
 
Copyright (c) 1982, 2011, Oracle.  All rights reserved.
 
 
Connected to:
Oracle Database 11g Enterprise Edition Release 11.2.0.3.0 – Production
With the Partitioning, OLAP, Data Mining and Real Application Testing options
 
sys@XFF>show parameter memory;
 
NAME                                 TYPE        VALUE
———————————— ———– ——————————
hi_shared_memory_address             integer     0
memory_max_target                    big integer 800M
memory_target                        big integer 800M
shared_memory_address                integer     0

4、官方解释
Starting with Oracle Database 11g, the Automatic Memory Management feature requires more shared memory (/dev/shm)and file descriptors. The size of the shared memory should be at least the greater of MEMORY_MAX_TARGET and MEMORY_TARGET for each Oracle instance on the computer. If MEMORY_MAX_TARGET or MEMORY_TARGET is set to a non zero value, and an incorrect size is assigned to the shared memory, it will result in an ORA-00845 error at startup.

5、解决问题建议
5.1. If you are installing Oracle 11g on a Linux system, note that Memory Size (SGA and PGA), which sets the initialization parameter MEMORY_TARGET or MEMORY_MAX_TARGET, cannot be greater than the shared memory filesystem (/dev/shm) on your operating system. To resolve the current error, increase the /dev/shm file size.

5.2. If configuring AMM is not possible due to lack of space on /dev/shm mount point, you can configure ASMM instead of AMM, i.e. set SGA_TARGET, SGA_MAX_SIZE and PGA_AGGREGATE_TARGET instead of MEMORY_TARGET.

此条目发表在 ORA-xxxxx 分类目录,贴了 标签。将固定链接加入收藏夹。

ORA-00845: MEMORY_TARGET not supported on this system》有 1 条评论

  1. 惜 分飞 说:

    在redhat6中,修改了fstab中修改后,不能生效,需要重新挂载
    vi /etc/fstab
    tmpfs /dev/shm tmpfs defaults,size=900M 0 0

    vi /etc/rc.local
    mount -o remount /dev/shm

      [引用]  [回复]

发表评论

电子邮件地址不会被公开。 必填项已用 * 标注

您可以使用这些 HTML 标签和属性: <a href="" title=""> <abbr title=""> <acronym title=""> <b> <blockquote cite=""> <cite> <code> <del datetime=""> <em> <i> <q cite=""> <strike> <strong>