DRBD安装配置说明

联系:手机(+86 13429648788) QQ(107644445)QQ咨询惜分飞

标题:DRBD安装配置说明

作者:惜分飞©版权所有[未经本人同意,不得以任何形式转载,否则有进一步追究法律责任的权利.]

一、安装前说明
DRBD(Distributed Replicated Block Device),分布式复制块设备,是一种通过TCP/IP网络实现块设备数据实时镜像的方案。利用这种方案,单一主节点模式(single primary mode)双机系统能够实时地将业务数据保存在主备节点的磁盘中,正常情况下两个节点的数据是一模一样的。
根据官方的说明文档,如果系统内核(linux)版本低于2.6.33,在安装软件之前需要加载DRBD模块,如果高于(或等于)2.6.33,则只安装客户端软件。
如果没有安装DRBD模块,会在启动drbd时出现如下错误:
[root@node1 tmp]# /etc/init.d/drbd start
Starting DRBD resources: Can not load the drbd module.
其实就是安装一个kmod-drbd包即可

二、安装前环境设定
主机名        IP地址       DRBD使用磁盘
node1     10.10.10.1    /dev/sdb1
node2     10.10.10.2    /dev/sdb1
版本信息
[root@node1 /]# uname -a
Linux node1 2.6.9-89.0.0.0.1.ELsmp #1 SMP Tue May 19 04:23:49 EDT 2009 i686 i686 i386 GNU/Linux
[root@node2 test]# uname -a
Linux node2 2.6.9-89.0.0.0.1.ELsmp #1 SMP Tue May 19 04:23:49 EDT 2009 i686 i686 i386 GNU/Linux
挂载点:/drbd

三、安装步骤(两个节点相同)
1、安装kmod-drbd包
[root@node1 ~]# rpm -ivh /tmp/kmod-drbd83-smp-8.3.8-1.el4_8.i686.rpm
警告:/tmp/kmod-drbd83-smp-8.3.8-1.el4_8.i686.rpm: V3 DSA 簽章:NOKEY, key ID 443e1821
準備中… ########################################### [100%]
1:kmod-drbd83-smp ########################################### [100%]

2、安装drbd包
[root@node1 ~]# rpm -ivh /tmp/drbd83-8.3.8-1.el4_8.i386.rpm
警告:/tmp/drbd83-8.3.8-1.el4_8.i386.rpm: V3 DSA 簽章:NOKEY, key ID 443e1821
準備中… ########################################### [100%]
1:drbd83 ########################################### [100%]

四、fdisk磁盘(两个节点均要)
[root@node1 ~]# fdisk /dev/sdb
Device contains neither a valid DOS partition table, nor Sun, SGI or OSF disklabel
Building a new DOS disklabel. Changes will remain in memory only,
until you decide to write them. After that, of course, the previous
content won’t be recoverable.

The number of cylinders for this disk is set to 2610.
There is nothing wrong with that, but this is larger than 1024,
and could in certain setups cause problems with:
1) software that runs at boot time (e.g., old versions of LILO)
2) booting and partitioning software from other OSs
(e.g., DOS FDISK, OS/2 FDISK)
Warning: invalid flag 0×0000 of partition table 4 will be corrected by w(rite)

Command (m for help): n
Command action
e extended
p primary partition (1-4)
p
Partition number (1-4): 1
First cylinder (1-2610, default 1):
Using default value 1
Last cylinder or +size or +sizeM or +sizeK (1-2610, default 2610): 200

Command (m for help): w
The partition table has been altered!

Calling ioctl() to re-read partition table.
Syncing disks.

五、/etc/drbd.conf配置(两个节点一样)

global {
usage-count yes;
}
common {
  syncer { rate 10M; }
}
resource r0 {
protocol C;
disk {
    on-io-error   detach;
  }
net {
after-sb-0pri disconnect;
after-sb-1pri disconnect;
after-sb-2pri disconnect;
rr-conflict   disconnect;
}
on node1 {
    device     /dev/drbd0;
    disk       /dev/sdb1;
    address    10.10.10.1:7788;
    meta-disk  internal;
  }
on node2 {
    device    /dev/drbd0;
    disk      /dev/sdb1;
    address   10.10.10.2:7788;
    meta-disk internal;
  }
}

六、创建DRBD资源
[root@node1 tmp]# drbdadm create-md r0 //r0为配置文件中定义的资源名
[root@node2 tmp]# drbdadm create-md r0

七、DRBD的启动、关闭以及测试
1、启动DRBD
[root@node1 ~]# /etc/init.d/drbd start
[root@node2 ~]# /etc/init.d/drbd start

2、查看状态(两种方法均可)
[root@node1 tmp]# cat /proc/drbd
version: 8.3.8 (api:88/proto:86-94)
GIT-hash: d78846e52224fd00562f7c225bcc25b2d422321d build by mockbuild@builder10.centos.org, 2010-06-04 08:13:40
0: cs:Connected ro:Secondary/Secondary ds:Inconsistent/Inconsistent C r—-
ns:0 nr:0 dw:0 dr:0 al:0 bm:0 lo:0 pe:0 ua:0 ap:0 ep:1 wo:b oos:1606380

[root@node2 ~]# /etc/init.d/drbd status
drbd driver loaded OK; device status:
version: 8.3.8 (api:88/proto:86-94)
GIT-hash: d78846e52224fd00562f7c225bcc25b2d422321d build by mockbuild@builder10.centos.org, 2010-06-04 08:13:40
m:res cs ro ds p mounted fstype
0:r0 Connected Secondary/Secondary Inconsistent/Inconsistent C

3、设置主机
[root@node1 tmp]# drbdsetup /dev/drbd0 primary -o

4、再查看状态
[root@node1 tmp]# cat /proc/drbd
version: 8.3.8 (api:88/proto:86-94)
GIT-hash: d78846e52224fd00562f7c225bcc25b2d422321d build by mockbuild@builder10.centos.org, 2010-06-04 08:13:40
0: cs:SyncSource ro:Primary/Secondary ds:UpToDate/Inconsistent C r—-
ns:15520 nr:0 dw:0 dr:15520 al:0 bm:0 lo:0 pe:0 ua:0 ap:0 ep:1 wo:b oos:1590860
[>....................] sync’ed: 1.3% (1590860/1606380)K delay_probe: 0
finish: 0:03:23 speed: 7,760 (7,760) K/sec

[root@node2 ~]# /etc/init.d/drbd status //表示数据初始化已经完成
drbd driver loaded OK; device status:
version: 8.3.8 (api:88/proto:86-94)
GIT-hash: d78846e52224fd00562f7c225bcc25b2d422321d build by mockbuild@builder10.centos.org, 2010-06-04 08:13:40
m:res cs ro ds p mounted fstype
0:r0 Connected Secondary/Primary UpToDate/UpToDate C

5、主节点磁盘操作
[root@node1 tmp]# mkfs.ext3 /dev/drbd0
mke2fs 1.35 (28-Feb-2004)
Filesystem label=
OS type: Linux
Block size=4096 (log=2)
Fragment size=4096 (log=2)
200928 inodes, 401595 blocks
20079 blocks (5.00%) reserved for the super user
First data block=0
Maximum filesystem blocks=415236096
13 block groups
32768 blocks per group, 32768 fragments per group
15456 inodes per group
Superblock backups stored on blocks:
32768, 98304, 163840, 229376, 294912

Writing inode tables: done
Creating journal (8192 blocks): done
Writing superblocks and filesystem accounting information: done

This filesystem will be automatically checked every 29 mounts or
180 days, whichever comes first. Use tune2fs -c or -i to override.
[root@node1 tmp]# mkdir /drbd
[root@node1 tmp]# mount /dev/drbd0 /drbd
[root@node1 tmp]# df -h
Filesystem 容量 已用 可用 已用% 挂载点
/dev/sda2 18G 9.1G 7.7G 55% /
/dev/sda1 99M 13M 82M 14% /boot
none 395M 0 395M 0% /dev/shm
/dev/drbd0 1.6G 35M 1.4G 3% /drbd
[root@node1 tmp]# cd /drbd/
[root@node1 drbd]# ll
总用量 16
drwx—— 2 root root 16384 7月 14 15:01 lost+found
[root@node1 drbd]# mkdir test
[root@node1 drbd]# mkdir test
[root@node1 drbd]# cd test
[root@node1 test]# vi xifenfei.cf
drbd 测试 //vi 写入xifenfei.cf中数据

6、启用备机磁盘
[root@node1 /]# umount /drbd/
[root@node1 /]# drbdsetup 0 secondary
[root@node2 ~]# drbdadm primary r0
[root@node2 ~]# /etc/init.d/drbd status
drbd driver loaded OK; device status:
version: 8.3.8 (api:88/proto:86-94)
GIT-hash: d78846e52224fd00562f7c225bcc25b2d422321d build by mockbuild@builder10.centos.org, 2010-06-04 08:13:40
m:res cs ro ds p mounted fstype
0:r0 Connected Primary/Secondary UpToDate/UpToDate C
[root@node2 ~]# mkdir /drbd
[root@node2 ~]# mount /dev/drbd0 /drbd
[root@node2 ~]# df -h
Filesystem 容量 已用 可用 已用% 挂载点
/dev/sda2 18G 9.1G 7.7G 55% /
/dev/sda1 99M 13M 82M 14% /boot
none 395M 0 395M 0% /dev/shm
/dev/drbd0 1.6G 35M 1.4G 3% /drbd
[root@node2 ~]# cd /drbd
[root@node2 drbd]# ll
总用量 20
drwx—— 2 root root 16384 7月 14 15:01 lost+found
drwxr-xr-x 2 root root 4096 7月 14 15:05 test
[root@node2 drbd]# cd test/
[root@node2 test]# ll
总用量 4
-rw-r–r– 1 root root 10 7月 14 15:05 chengfei.cf
[root@node2 test]# more xifenfei.cf
drbd 测试 //主节点中 vi 写入xifenfei.cf中数据

此条目发表在 Linux高可用 分类目录。将固定链接加入收藏夹。

DRBD安装配置说明》有 2 条评论

  1. 惜 分飞 说:

    startup中配置
    wfc-timeout:该选项设定一个时间值,单位是秒。在启用DRBD块时,初始化脚本drbd会阻塞启动进程的运行,直到对等节点的出现。该选项就是用来限制这个等待时间的,默认为0,即不限制,永远等待。
    degr-wfc-timeout:该选项也设定一个时间值,单位为秒。也是用于限制等待时间,只是作用的情形不同:它作用于一个降级集群(即那些只剩下一个节点的集群)在重启时的等待时间。
    outdated-wfc-timeout:同上,也是用来设定等待时间,单位为秒。它用于设定等待过期节点的时间。
    如果不配置,有可能当一个节点启动,可能出现无限等待现象
    common {
    syncer { rate 10M; }
    startup{wfc-timeout 120;}
    }

      [引用]  [回复]

  2. 惜 分飞 说:

    查看网络情况:
    [root@node2 test]# netstat -ant|grep 7788
    tcp 0 0 10.10.10.2:7788 10.10.10.1:32848 ESTABLISHED
    tcp 0 0 10.10.10.2:32785 10.10.10.1:7788 ESTABLISHED

      [引用]  [回复]

发表评论

电子邮件地址不会被公开。 必填项已用 * 标注

您可以使用这些 HTML 标签和属性: <a href="" title=""> <abbr title=""> <acronym title=""> <b> <blockquote cite=""> <cite> <code> <del datetime=""> <em> <i> <q cite=""> <strike> <strong>