普通库迁移至ASM存储

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标题:普通库迁移至ASM存储

作者:惜分飞©版权所有[未经本人同意,不得以任何形式转载,否则有进一步追究法律责任的权利.]

--查看当前库文件位置
SQL> select name from v$datafile
  2  union
  3  select member from v$logfile
  4  union 
  5  select name from v$controlfile
  6  union
  7  select name from v$tempfile;

NAME
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
/u01/oradata/tos/control01.ctl
/u01/oradata/tos/control02.ctl
/u01/oradata/tos/control03.ctl
/u01/oradata/tos/example01.dbf
/u01/oradata/tos/redo01.log
/u01/oradata/tos/redo02.log
/u01/oradata/tos/redo03.log
/u01/oradata/tos/sysaux01.dbf
/u01/oradata/tos/system01.dbf
/u01/oradata/tos/temp01.dbf
/u01/oradata/tos/undotbs01.dbf
/u01/oradata/tos/users01.dbf
/u01/oradata/tos/xff01.dbf
/u01/oradata/tos/xff02.dbf

14 rows selected.

--备份控制文件
SQL> alter database backup controlfile to '/u01/control.ctl';

Database altered.

--修改spfile中的控制文件至asm
SQL>  alter system set control_files='+DATA' scope=spfile;

System altered.

--修改db_recovery_file_dest至asm中
SQL> alter system set db_recovery_file_dest='+FLASHBACK';

System altered.

--修改归档日志至asm中
SQL> alter system set log_archive_dest_1='location=+DATA';

System altered.

--关闭数据库
SQL> shutdown immediate;
Database closed.
Database dismounted.
ORACLE instance shut down.

--登录rman
[oracle@localhost ~]$ rman target /

Recovery Manager: Release 10.2.0.3.0 - Production on Mon Jun 27 08:02:37 2011

Copyright (c) 1982, 2005, Oracle.  All rights reserved.

connected to target database (not started)

--启动数据库至nomount状态
RMAN> startup nomount;

Oracle instance started

Total System Global Area     167772160 bytes

Fixed Size                     1260672 bytes
Variable Size                 67109760 bytes
Database Buffers              92274688 bytes
Redo Buffers                   7127040 bytes

--恢复控制文件
RMAN>  restore controlfile from '/u01/control.ctl';   

Starting restore at 27-JUN-11
using target database control file instead of recovery catalog
allocated channel: ORA_DISK_1
channel ORA_DISK_1: sid=156 devtype=DISK

channel ORA_DISK_1: copied control file copy
output filename=+DATA/tos/controlfile/current.268.754905785
Finished restore at 27-JUN-11

--打开数据库至mount状态
RMAN> alter database mount; 

database mounted
released channel: ORA_DISK_1

--copy数据文件至asm
RMAN> backup as copy database format '+DATA';

Starting backup at 27-JUN-11
Starting implicit crosscheck backup at 27-JUN-11
allocated channel: ORA_DISK_1
channel ORA_DISK_1: sid=156 devtype=DISK
Finished implicit crosscheck backup at 27-JUN-11

Starting implicit crosscheck copy at 27-JUN-11
using channel ORA_DISK_1
Finished implicit crosscheck copy at 27-JUN-11

searching for all files in the recovery area
cataloging files...
no files cataloged

using channel ORA_DISK_1
channel ORA_DISK_1: starting datafile copy
input datafile fno=00001 name=/u01/oradata/tos/system01.dbf
output filename=+DATA/tos/datafile/system.270.754905833 tag=TAG20110627T080352 recid=2 stamp=754905928
channel ORA_DISK_1: datafile copy complete, elapsed time: 00:01:35
channel ORA_DISK_1: starting datafile copy
input datafile fno=00003 name=/u01/oradata/tos/sysaux01.dbf
output filename=+DATA/tos/datafile/sysaux.271.754905929 tag=TAG20110627T080352 recid=3 stamp=754905990
channel ORA_DISK_1: datafile copy complete, elapsed time: 00:01:05
channel ORA_DISK_1: starting datafile copy
input datafile fno=00005 name=/u01/oradata/tos/example01.dbf
output filename=+DATA/tos/datafile/example.272.754905995 tag=TAG20110627T080352 recid=4 stamp=754906010
channel ORA_DISK_1: datafile copy complete, elapsed time: 00:00:26
channel ORA_DISK_1: starting datafile copy
input datafile fno=00002 name=/u01/oradata/tos/undotbs01.dbf
output filename=+DATA/tos/datafile/undotbs1.273.754906021 tag=TAG20110627T080352 recid=5 stamp=754906025
channel ORA_DISK_1: datafile copy complete, elapsed time: 00:00:07
channel ORA_DISK_1: starting datafile copy
input datafile fno=00006 name=/u01/oradata/tos/xff01.dbf
output filename=+DATA/tos/datafile/xff.274.754906027 tag=TAG20110627T080352 recid=6 stamp=754906029
channel ORA_DISK_1: datafile copy complete, elapsed time: 00:00:03
channel ORA_DISK_1: starting datafile copy
input datafile fno=00007 name=/u01/oradata/tos/xff02.dbf
output filename=+DATA/tos/datafile/xff.275.754906031 tag=TAG20110627T080352 recid=7 stamp=754906032
channel ORA_DISK_1: datafile copy complete, elapsed time: 00:00:03
channel ORA_DISK_1: starting datafile copy
input datafile fno=00004 name=/u01/oradata/tos/users01.dbf
output filename=+DATA/tos/datafile/users.276.754906035 tag=TAG20110627T080352 recid=8 stamp=754906035
channel ORA_DISK_1: datafile copy complete, elapsed time: 00:00:04
Finished backup at 27-JUN-11

RMAN-06497: WARNING: control file is not current, control file autobackup skipped

--恢复数据库
RMAN>  recover database;

Starting recover at 27-JUN-11
using channel ORA_DISK_1

starting media recovery

archive log thread 1 sequence 3 is already on disk as file /u01/oradata/tos/redo02.log
archive log filename=/u01/oradata/tos/redo02.log thread=1 sequence=3
media recovery complete, elapsed time: 00:00:03
Finished recover at 27-JUN-11

--修改数据库中数据文件路径
RMAN> switch database to copy;

datafile 1 switched to datafile copy "+DATA/tos/datafile/system.270.754905833"
datafile 2 switched to datafile copy "+DATA/tos/datafile/undotbs1.273.754906021"
datafile 3 switched to datafile copy "+DATA/tos/datafile/sysaux.271.754905929"
datafile 4 switched to datafile copy "+DATA/tos/datafile/users.276.754906035"
datafile 5 switched to datafile copy "+DATA/tos/datafile/example.272.754905995"
datafile 6 switched to datafile copy "+DATA/tos/datafile/xff.274.754906027"
datafile 7 switched to datafile copy "+DATA/tos/datafile/xff.275.754906031"

--打开数据库
RMAN> alter database open resetlogs;

database opened

--添加日志文件
SQL> alter database add logfile group 4 '+DATA' size 10m;

Database altered.

SQL> alter database add logfile group 5 '+DATA' size 10m;

Database altered.

SQL> alter database add logfile group 6 '+DATA' size 10m;

Database altered.

--添加临时文件
SQL> alter tablespace temp add tempfile '+DATA' size 30m;

Tablespace altered.

--删除原临时文件
SQL> alter tablespace temp drop tempfile '/u01/oradata/tos/temp01.dbf';

Tablespace altered.

--切换日志
SQL> alter system switch logfile; --多次

System altered.

--数据文件修改写入磁盘
SQL> alter system checkpoint;

System altered.

--检查联机日志状态
SQL> select group#,status from v$log;

    GROUP# STATUS
---------- ----------------
         1 INACTIVE
         2 INACTIVE
         3 INACTIVE
         4 INACTIVE
         5 INACTIVE
         6 CURRENT

6 rows selected.

--删除原联机日志
SQL> alter database drop logfile group 1;

Database altered.

SQL> alter database drop logfile group 2;

Database altered.

SQL> alter database drop logfile group 3;

Database altered.

--查看修改后状态
SQL>  select name from v$datafile
  2      union
  3      select member from v$logfile
  4      union 
  5      select name from v$controlfile
  6      union
  7      select name from v$tempfile;

NAME
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
+DATA/tos/controlfile/current.268.754905785
+DATA/tos/datafile/example.272.754905995
+DATA/tos/datafile/sysaux.271.754905929
+DATA/tos/datafile/system.270.754905833
+DATA/tos/datafile/undotbs1.273.754906021
+DATA/tos/datafile/users.276.754906035
+DATA/tos/datafile/xff.274.754906027
+DATA/tos/datafile/xff.275.754906031
+DATA/tos/onlinelog/group_4.277.754906309
+DATA/tos/onlinelog/group_5.278.754906319
+DATA/tos/onlinelog/group_6.279.754906321
+DATA/tos/tempfile/temp.280.754906369
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