innobackupex增量备份测试

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标题:innobackupex增量备份测试

作者:惜分飞©版权所有[未经本人同意,不得以任何形式转载,否则有进一步追究法律责任的权利.]

1、全备
/opt/mysql/product/5.5/bin/innobackupex –defaults-file=/etc/my.cnf –no-timestamp –socket=/var/run/mysqld/mysqld.sock –user=root –password=passw0rd /opt/mysql/mysql_bak/full
2、修改库中数据
mysql> create database fei;
Query OK, 1 row affected (0.03 sec)
mysql> use fei;
Database changed
mysql> create table t_1 as select * from information_schema.tables;
Query OK, 83 rows affected (0.20 sec)
Records: 83 Duplicates: 0 Warnings: 0
mysql> create table t_2 as select * from information_schema.tables;
Query OK, 84 rows affected (0.03 sec)
Records: 84 Duplicates: 0 Warnings: 0
mysql> create table t_3 as select * from information_schema.tables;
Query OK, 85 rows affected (0.04 sec)
Records: 85 Duplicates: 0 Warnings: 0

3、增量备份
/opt/mysql/product/5.5/bin/innobackupex –defaults-file=/etc/my.cnf –no-timestamp –socket=/var/run/mysqld/mysqld.sock –user=root –password=passw0rd –incremental –incremental-basedir=/opt/mysql/mysql_bak/full /opt/mysql/mysql_bak/inc

4、恢复全备
/opt/mysql/product/5.5/bin/innobackupex /opt/mysql/mysql_bak/full –apply-log

5、恢复增量备份
/opt/mysql/product/5.5/bin/innobackupex /opt/mysql/mysql_bak/full –incremental –incremental-dir=/opt/mysql/mysql_bak/inc –apply-log

6、还原数据库到默认目录
/opt/mysql/product/5.5/bin/innobackupex –defaults-file=/etc/my.cnf /opt/mysql/mysql_bak/full/ –copy-back

7、启动数据库测试
结论为:所有新创建的对象都没恢复成功
后来创建的库和表结构都不存在,在执行增量恢复的时候,有如下错误提示:
110719 11:49:57 InnoDB: Operating system error number 2 in a file operation.
InnoDB: The error means the system cannot find the path specified.
xtrabackup: error: cannot open /opt/mysql/mysql_bak/full/fei/t_2.ibd
xtrabackup: Error: xtrabackup_apply_delta() failed.
xtrabackup: page size for /opt/mysql/mysql_bak/inc/fei/t_3.ibd.delta is 16384 bytes
110719 11:49:57 InnoDB: Operating system error number 2 in a file operation.
InnoDB: The error means the system cannot find the path specified.
xtrabackup: error: cannot open /opt/mysql/mysql_bak/full/fei/t_3.ibd
xtrabackup: Error: xtrabackup_apply_delta() failed.
xtrabackup: page size for /opt/mysql/mysql_bak/inc/fei/t_1.ibd.delta is 16384 bytes
110719 11:49:57 InnoDB: Operating system error number 2 in a file operation.
InnoDB: The error means the system cannot find the path specified.
xtrabackup: error: cannot open /opt/mysql/mysql_bak/full/fei/t_1.ibd
xtrabackup: Error: xtrabackup_apply_delta() failed.
fei.*对象是在全备之后创建的,全备份集中并不存在,因此应用增量时就报了错,此时如果原始数据文件已经损坏,那么fei.*的数据就无法恢复了,因为缺少了其数据文件。innobackupex增量备份和恢复功能还不完善,有新增对象时会出错

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innobackupex增量备份测试》有 1 条评论

  1. 惜 分飞 说:

    1、恢复数据库时候,不指定–user和–password时,不需要数据库处于启动状态
    2、如果是启动状态恢复数据,增量备份时,需要指定–redo-only
    3、/opt/mysql/product/5.5/bin/innobackupex –help查看innobackupex 参数

      [引用]  [回复]

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