由于bootstrap$异常导致数据库启动报ORA-03113 ORA-07445 lmebucp

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标题:由于bootstrap$异常导致数据库启动报ORA-03113 ORA-07445 lmebucp

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数据库无法正常启动,报ORA-03113

SQL> startup
ORACLE 例程已经启动。

Total System Global Area 5016387584 bytes
Fixed Size                  2011136 bytes
Variable Size             905969664 bytes
Database Buffers         4093640704 bytes
Redo Buffers               14766080 bytes
数据库装载完毕。
ORA-03113: 通信通道的文件结束

alert日志报错ORA-07445 lmebucp

Mon Aug 27 15:31:37 2018
Thread 1 advanced to log sequence 21691
Thread 1 opened at log sequence 21691
  Current log# 2 seq# 21691 mem# 0: /data/oracle/orcl/redo02.log
Successful open of redo thread 1
Mon Aug 27 15:31:37 2018
MTTR advisory is disabled because FAST_START_MTTR_TARGET is not set
Mon Aug 27 15:31:37 2018
SMON: enabling cache recovery
Mon Aug 27 15:31:37 2018
Errors in file /home/oracle/oracle/product/10.2.0/db_1/admin/orcl/udump/orcl_ora_5827.trc:
ORA-07445: exception encountered: core dump [lmebucp()+24] [SIGSEGV] 
[Address not mapped to object] [0x000000000] [] []

跟踪启动10046 trace

WAIT #1: nam='instance state change' ela= 822 layer=2 value=1 waited=1 obj#=-1 tim=1499370211971345
WAIT #1: nam='db file sequential read' ela= 29 file#=1 block#=257 blocks=1 obj#=-1 tim=1499370211971896
=====================
PARSING IN CURSOR #2 len=188 dep=1 uid=0 oct=1 lid=0 tim=1499370211972625 hv=2809067040 ad='b5fe2d00'
create table bootstrap$ ( line#         number not null,   obj#           
number not null,   sql_text   varchar2(4000) not null)   
storage (initial 50K objno 41 extents (file 1 block 257))
END OF STMT
PARSE #2:c=0,e=598,p=0,cr=0,cu=0,mis=1,r=0,dep=1,og=4,tim=1499370211972621
BINDS #2:
EXEC #2:c=1000,e=195,p=0,cr=0,cu=0,mis=0,r=0,dep=1,og=4,tim=1499370211972873
=====================
PARSING IN CURSOR #2 len=55 dep=1 uid=0 oct=3 lid=0 tim=1499370211973429 hv=2111436465 ad='b7bd0530'
select line#, sql_text from bootstrap$ where obj# != :1
END OF STMT
PARSE #2:c=0,e=472,p=0,cr=0,cu=0,mis=1,r=0,dep=1,og=4,tim=1499370211973426
BINDS #2:
kkscoacd
 Bind#0
  oacdty=02 mxl=22(22) mxlc=00 mal=00 scl=00 pre=00
  oacflg=08 fl2=0001 frm=00 csi=00 siz=24 off=0
  kxsbbbfp=2b8c5d50a4d0  bln=22  avl=02  flg=05
  value=41
EXEC #2:c=1000,e=838,p=0,cr=0,cu=0,mis=1,r=0,dep=1,og=4,tim=1499370211974375
WAIT #2: nam='db file sequential read' ela= 27 file#=1 block#=257 blocks=1 obj#=-1 tim=1499370211974522
WAIT #2: nam='db file sequential read' ela= 21 file#=1 block#=258 blocks=1 obj#=-1 tim=1499370211974855
FETCH #2:c=1000,e=479,p=2,cr=3,cu=0,mis=0,r=0,dep=1,og=4,tim=1499370211974908
Exception signal: 11 (SIGSEGV), code: 1 (Address not mapped to object),
 addr: 0x0, PC: [0x348772c, lmebucp()+24]
*** 2018-08-27 15:31:37.074
ksedmp: internal or fatal error
ORA-07445: exception encountered: core dump [lmebucp()+24] [SIGSEGV] 
[Address not mapped to object] [0x000000000] [] []
Current SQL statement for this session:
alter database open
----- Call Stack Trace -----
calling              call     entry                argument values in hex      
location             type     point                (? means dubious value)     
-------------------- -------- -------------------- ----------------------------
Cannot find symbol
Cannot find symbol
Cannot find symbol
ksedst()+31          call     ksedst1()            000000001 ? 000000001 ?
                                                   000000000 ? 000000000 ?
                                                   000000000 ? 000000001 ?
ksedmp()+610         call     ksedst()             000000001 ? 000000001 ?
                                                   000000000 ? 000000000 ?
                                                   000000000 ? 000000001 ?
ssexhd()+630         call     ksedmp()             000000003 ? 000000001 ?
                                                   000000000 ? 000000000 ?
                                                   000000000 ? 000000001 ?
<0x336800eca0>       call     ssexhd()             00000000B ? 2B8C5D238D70 ?
                                                   2B8C5D238C40 ? 000000000 ?
                                                   000000000 ? 000000001 ?
 
--------------------- Binary Stack Dump ---------------------

通过这里发现,数据库启动执行select line#, sql_text from bootstrap$ where obj# != :1然后报ORA-07445 lmebucp错误。这样的错误比较诡异,一般可能是由于bootstrap异常导致,但是这里再往上跟踪发现 create bootstrap$表指定的记录为file 1 block 257,根据经验知道数据库的bootstrap$表记录一般是377 或者520比较常见.通过工具对于file 1进行分析

DUL> dump datafile 1 block 257
Block Header:
block type=0x10 (data segment header block (unlimited extents))
block format=0xa2 (oracle 10)
block rdba=0x00400101 (file#=1, block#=257)
scn=0x0000.0000007e, seq=1, tail=0x007e1001
block checksum value=0xe75c=59228, flag=4
Data Segment Header:
  Extent Control Header
  -------------------------------------------------------------
  Extent Header:: extents: 1  blocks: 7
                  last map: 0x00000000  #maps: 0  offset: 4128
      Highwater:: 0x00400103  (rfile#=1,block#=259)
                  ext#: 0  blk#: 1   ext size:7
      #blocks in seg. hdr's freelists: 0
      #blocks below: 1
      mapblk: 0x00000000   offset: 0
      Map Header:: next: 0x00000000   #extents: 1  obj#: 41  flag: 0x40000000
  Extent Control Header
  -------------------------------------------------------------
   0x00400102  length: 7

  nfl = 1, nfb = 1, typ = 2, nxf = 0, ccnt = 0
  SEG LST:: flg:UNUSED lhd: 0x00000000 ltl: 0x00000000

发现异常比较明显,block 257为data_object_id=41,也就是
41|41|CREATE UNIQUE INDEX I_FILE1 ON FILE$(FILE#) PCTFREE 10 INITRANS 2 MAXTRANS 255 STORAGE ( INITIAL 64K NEXT 1024K MINEXTENTS 1 MAXEXTENTS 2147483645 PCTINCREASE 0 OBJNO 41 EXTENTS (FILE 1 BLOCK 257))
这里看数据库的引导异常或者bootstrap$表中记录异常.通过修复bootstrap相关内容,数据库完美启动

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