DataGuard ora-16157故障解决

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标题:DataGuard ora-16157故障解决

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由于硬件故障,需要激活备库,由于登录错误服务器对本不该激活的服务器进行了如下操作
STANDBY DATABASE FINISH操作

[oracle@app73 ~]$ ss

SQL*Plus: Release 11.2.0.4.0 Production on Sun Jun 26 23:33:19 2016

Copyright (c) 1982, 2013, Oracle.  All rights reserved.


Connected to:
Oracle Database 11g Enterprise Edition Release 11.2.0.4.0 - 64bit Production
With the Partitioning and Data Mining options

SQL> ALTER DATABASE RECOVER MANAGED STANDBY DATABASE CANCEL;

Database altered.

SQL> ALTER DATABASE RECOVER MANAGED STANDBY DATABASE FINISH;

Database altered.

对应的alert日志提示

Sun Jun 26 23:33:22 2016
ALTER DATABASE RECOVER MANAGED STANDBY DATABASE CANCEL
Sun Jun 26 23:33:22 2016
MRP0: Background Media Recovery cancelled with status 16037
Errors in file /Data/oracle/diag/rdbms/commentdbdg/commentdb/trace/commentdb_pr00_11871.trc:
ORA-16037: user requested cancel of managed recovery operation
Managed Standby Recovery not using Real Time Apply
Recovery interrupted!
Recovered data files to a consistent state at change 47440782676
Sun Jun 26 23:33:23 2016
MRP0: Background Media Recovery process shutdown (commentdb)
Managed Standby Recovery Canceled (commentdb)
Completed: ALTER DATABASE RECOVER MANAGED STANDBY DATABASE CANCEL
Sun Jun 26 23:33:44 2016
ALTER DATABASE RECOVER MANAGED STANDBY DATABASE FINISH
Attempt to do a Terminal Recovery (commentdb)
Media Recovery Start: Managed Standby Recovery (commentdb)
 started logmerger process
Sun Jun 26 23:33:44 2016
Managed Standby Recovery not using Real Time Apply
Parallel Media Recovery started with 4 slaves
Media Recovery Waiting for thread 1 sequence 21196 (in transit)
Killing 4 processes with pids 11881,11867,11869,14314 (all RFS, wait for I/O) 
in order to disallow current and future RFS connections. Requested by OS process 7372
Begin: Standby Redo Logfile archival
End: Standby Redo Logfile archival
Terminal Recovery timestamp is '06/26/2016 23:33:48'
Terminal Recovery: applying standby redo logs.
Terminal Recovery: thread 1 seq# 21196 redo required
Terminal Recovery:
Recovery of Online Redo Log: Thread 1 Group 10 Seq 21196 Reading mem 0
  Mem# 0: /Data/oracle/oradata/commentdb/std_redo10.log
Identified End-Of-Redo (failover) for thread 1 sequence 21196 at SCN 0xffff.ffffffff
Incomplete Recovery applied until change 47440782709 time 06/26/2016 23:29:51
Media Recovery Complete (commentdb)
Terminal Recovery: Enabled archive destination LOG_ARCHIVE_DEST_2
Terminal Recovery: successful completion
Forcing ARSCN to IRSCN for TR 11:196142453
Attempt to set limbo arscn 11:196142453 irscn 11:196142453
Resetting standby activation ID 3880004483 (0xe7442b83)
Sun Jun 26 23:33:48 2016
ARCH: Archival stopped, error occurred. Will continue retrying
ORACLE Instance commentdb - Archival Error
ORA-16014: log 10 sequence# 21196 not archived, no available destinations
ORA-00312: online log 10 thread 1: '/Data/oracle/oradata/commentdb/std_redo10.log'
Completed: ALTER DATABASE RECOVER MANAGED STANDBY DATABASE FINISH
Sun Jun 26 23:39:24 2016
RFS[4]: Assigned to RFS process 7392
RFS[4]: No connections allowed during/after terminal recovery.

很明显数据库已经挺尸mrp并且成功执行了ALTER DATABASE RECOVER MANAGED STANDBY DATABASE FINISH

尝试重新启动mrp应用日志

SQL> shutdown immediate;
Database closed.
Database dismounted.
ORACLE instance shut down.
SQL> startup mount;
ORACLE instance started.

Total System Global Area 2.1379E+10 bytes
Fixed Size                  2262656 bytes
Variable Size            2684356992 bytes
Database Buffers         1.8656E+10 bytes
Redo Buffers               36073472 bytes
Database mounted.
SQL> ALTER DATABASE RECOVER MANAGED STANDBY DATABASE USING CURRENT  LOGFILE DISCONNECT FROM SESSION;

Database altered.

alert日志提示

Sun Jun 26 23:40:39 2016
ALTER DATABASE RECOVER MANAGED STANDBY DATABASE USING CURRENT  LOGFILE DISCONNECT FROM SESSION
Attempt to start background Managed Standby Recovery process (commentdb)
Sun Jun 26 23:40:39 2016
MRP0 started with pid=24, OS id=7458
MRP0: Background Managed Standby Recovery process started (commentdb)
 started logmerger process
Sun Jun 26 23:40:44 2016
Managed Standby Recovery starting Real Time Apply
MRP0: Background Media Recovery terminated with error 16157
Errors in file /Data/oracle/diag/rdbms/commentdbdg/commentdb/trace/commentdb_pr00_7460.trc:
ORA-16157: media recovery not allowed following successful FINISH recovery
Managed Standby Recovery not using Real Time Apply
Completed: ALTER DATABASE RECOVER MANAGED STANDBY DATABASE USING CURRENT  LOGFILE DISCONNECT FROM SESSION
Recovery Slave PR00 previously exited with exception 16157
MRP0: Background Media Recovery process shutdown (commentdb)

[oracle@app73 trace]$ oerr ora 16157
16157, 00000, "media recovery not allowed following successful FINISH recovery"
// *Cause:  A RECOVER MANAGED STANDBY DATABASE FINISH command has previously
//          completed successfully.  Another media recovery is not allowed.
// *Action: Issue one of these operations following a FINISH recocvery:
//          ALTER DATABASE OPEN READ ONLY or
//          ALTER DATABASE COMMIT TO SWITCHOVER TO PRIMARY.

前台虽然提示mrp启动成功,但是alert日志提示启动mrp进程失败,原因是由于media recovery not allowed following successful FINISH recovery,也就是说由于我开始已经执行了ALTER DATABASE RECOVER MANAGED STANDBY DATABASE FINISH导致无法继续启动mrp进程,也就无法继续应用日志。

查看mos看看是否有解决方案
ora-16157


根据官方的说法只能重建dg,实在不甘心,个人感觉ALTER DATABASE RECOVER MANAGED STANDBY DATABASE FINISH执行完成,但是我没有failover命令执行,应该数据文件没有改变,只是控制文件发生了改变。

解决ora-16157问题
从主库重新生成standby controlfile并且传输到备库,再次尝试启动mrp

--主库操作
SQL> ALTER DATABASE CREATE standby CONTROLFILE AS '/tmp/controlfs01.ctl';

Database altered.
--scp到备库

SQL> shutdown immediate;
ORA-01109: database not open


Database dismounted.
ORACLE instance shut down.
SQL> startup nomount;
ORACLE instance started.

Total System Global Area 2.1379E+10 bytes
Fixed Size                  2262656 bytes
Variable Size            2684356992 bytes
Database Buffers         1.8656E+10 bytes
Redo Buffers               36073472 bytes

[oracle@app73 ~]$ cp /tmp/controlfs01.ctl /Data/oracle/oradata/commentdb/control01.ctl 
[oracle@app73 ~]$ cp /tmp/controlfs01.ctl /Data/oracle/fast_recovery_area/commentdb/control02.ctl

SQL> alter database mount;

Database altered.

SQL> ALTER DATABASE RECOVER MANAGED STANDBY DATABASE USING CURRENT  LOGFILE DISCONNECT FROM SESSION;

Database altered.

观察alert日志

ARC2: Becoming the active heartbeat ARCH
Completed: alter database mount
ARC3: Archival started
ARC0: STARTING ARCH PROCESSES COMPLETE
ALTER DATABASE RECOVER MANAGED STANDBY DATABASE USING CURRENT  LOGFILE DISCONNECT FROM SESSION
Attempt to start background Managed Standby Recovery process (commentdb)
Sun Jun 26 23:46:50 2016
MRP0 started with pid=24, OS id=7547
MRP0: Background Managed Standby Recovery process started (commentdb)
Sun Jun 26 23:46:54 2016
RFS[1]: Assigned to RFS process 7553
RFS[1]: Selected log 10 for thread 1 sequence 21197 dbid -414945661 branch 893285763
Sun Jun 26 23:46:54 2016
Primary database is in MAXIMUM PERFORMANCE mode
RFS[2]: Assigned to RFS process 7555
RFS[2]: Selected log 11 for thread 1 sequence 21198 dbid -414945661 branch 893285763
Archived Log entry 1 added for thread 1 sequence 21197 ID 0xe7442b83 dest 1:
 started logmerger process
Sun Jun 26 23:46:55 2016
Managed Standby Recovery starting Real Time Apply
Parallel Media Recovery started with 4 slaves
Waiting for all non-current ORLs to be archived...
All non-current ORLs have been archived.
Sun Jun 26 23:46:56 2016
Completed: ALTER DATABASE RECOVER MANAGED STANDBY DATABASE USING CURRENT  LOGFILE DISCONNECT FROM SESSION
Sun Jun 26 23:47:06 2016
Media Recovery Waiting for thread 1 sequence 21196
Fetching gap sequence in thread 1, gap sequence 21196-21196
Sun Jun 26 23:47:06 2016
RFS[3]: Assigned to RFS process 7567
RFS[3]: Opened log for thread 1 sequence 21196 dbid -414945661 branch 893285763
Archived Log entry 2 added for thread 1 sequence 21196 rlc 893285763 ID 0xe7442b83 dest 2:
Media Recovery Log /Data/oracle/fast_recovery_area/COMMENTDBDG/archivelog/2016_06_26/o1_mf_1_21196_cpzy7tjc_.arc
Media Recovery Log /Data/oracle/fast_recovery_area/COMMENTDBDG/archivelog/2016_06_26/o1_mf_1_21197_cpzy7gtl_.arc
Media Recovery Waiting for thread 1 sequence 21198 (in transit)
Recovery of Online Redo Log: Thread 1 Group 11 Seq 21198 Reading mem 0
  Mem# 0: /Data/oracle/oradata/commentdb/std_redo11.log

到这里已经证明,通过重建standby controlfile实现了即使执行了ALTER DATABASE RECOVER MANAGED STANDBY DATABASE FINISH(ORA-16157)也可以通过不重建dg,让其恢复正常(恢复dg状态).

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