使用bbed 修复I_OBJ4 index 报ORA-8102错误

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标题:使用bbed 修复I_OBJ4 index 报ORA-8102错误

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数据库执行创建表操作报ORA-8102错误

SQL> startup
ORACLE instance started.

Total System Global Area 1570009088 bytes
Fixed Size                  2253584 bytes
Variable Size             469765360 bytes
Database Buffers         1090519040 bytes
Redo Buffers                7471104 bytes
Database mounted.
Database opened.

SQL> create table t1 as select * from dba_users;
create table t1 as select * from dba_users
                                 *
ERROR at line 1:
ORA-00604: error occurred at recursive SQL level 1
ORA-08102: index key not found, obj# 87404, file 1, block 97266 (2)

分析ORA-8102错误

SQL> col OBJECT_NAME for a30
SQL> select object_name,object_type from dba_objects where object_id=87404;

OBJECT_NAME                    OBJECT_TYPE
------------------------------ -------------------
I_OBJ4                         INDEX


SQL> select /*+ index(t i_obj4) */ DATAOBJ#,type#,owner# from obj$  t  
minus
  2    3  select /*+ full(t1) */ DATAOBJ#,type#,owner# from obj$  t1; 

  DATAOBJ#      TYPE#     OWNER#
---------- ---------- ----------
     87420          0          0

SQL> select /*+ full(t1) */ DATAOBJ#,type#,owner# from obj$  t1
  2  minus
  3  select /*+ index(t i_obj4) */ DATAOBJ#,type#,owner# from obj$  t  
  4  ;

  DATAOBJ#      TYPE#     OWNER#
---------- ---------- ----------
     87422          0          0

SQL> alter system dump datafile 1 block 97266;

System altered.

SQL>  select value from v$diag_info where name='Default Trace File';

VALUE
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
/u01/app/oracle/diag/rdbms/xifenfei/xifenfei/trace/xifenfei_ora_27037.trc


SQL> ALTER SESSION SET EVENTS '802 trace name errorstack level 3';

Session altered.

SQL> create table t1 as select * from dual;           
create table t1 as select * from dual
                                 *
ERROR at line 1:
ORA-00604: error occurred at recursive SQL level 1
ORA-08102: index key not found, obj# 87404, file 1, block 97266 (2)


SQL>  select value from v$diag_info where name='Default Trace File';

VALUE
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
/u01/app/oracle/diag/rdbms/xifenfei/xifenfei/trace/xifenfei_ora_27037.trc


*** 2015-03-14 14:46:33.640
kdk key 8102.2:
  ncol: 4, len: 16
  key: (16):  04 c3 09 4b 17 01 80 01 80 06 00 41 7f 25 00 28
  mask: (4096):

*** 2015-03-14 14:46:33.644
dbkedDefDump(): Starting a non-incident diagnostic dump (flags=0x0, level=3, mask=0x0)
----- Error Stack Dump -----
----- Current SQL Statement for this session (sql_id=4yyb4104skrwj) -----
update obj$ set obj#=:4, type#=:5,ctime=:6,mtime=:7,stime=:8,status=:9,dataobj#=:10,flags=:11,
oid$=:12,spare1=:13, spare2=:14 where owner#=:1 and name=:2 and namespace=:3 and 
remoteowner is null and linkname is null and subname is null

这里可以的出来由于obj$中的dataobj#为87422,而i_obj4中的dataobj#为87420,因此两者不一致。
另外通过相关trace发现,在创建表操作中会调用update obj$的一个递归操作,而该操作会更新dataobj#,但是由于该值在表和index中不匹配,因此出现ORA-08102导致创建表不成功

使用bbed 修复ORA-8102

[oracle@localhost ~]$ bbed blocksize=8192 mode=edit filename='/u01/app/oracle/oradata/xifenfei/system01.dbf'
Password: 

BBED: Release 2.0.0.0.0 - Limited Production on Sat Mar 14 14:55:22 2015

Copyright (c) 1982, 2011, Oracle and/or its affiliates.  All rights reserved.

************* !!! For Oracle Internal Use only !!! ***************

BBED> set block 97266
        BLOCK#          97266

BBED> f /x 04c3
 File: /u01/app/oracle/oradata/xifenfei/system01.dbf (0)
 Block: 97266            Offsets: 2714 to 3225           Dba:0x00000000
------------------------------------------------------------------------
 04c3094a 5f02c115 01800600 417f2500 0f000204 c3094b14 02c11501 80060041 
 7f25000e 000204c3 094b1202 c1140180 0600417f 25000d00 0004c309 4b150180 

 <32 bytes per line>

BBED> f
 File: /u01/app/oracle/oradata/xifenfei/system01.dbf (0)
 Block: 97266            Offsets: 2733 to 3244           Dba:0x00000000
------------------------------------------------------------------------
 04c3094b 1402c115 01800600 417f2500 0e000204 c3094b12 02c11401 80060041 
 7f25000d 000004c3 094b1501 80018006 00417f25 00280100 04c3094b 10018001 

 <32 bytes per line>

BBED> f
 File: /u01/app/oracle/oradata/xifenfei/system01.dbf (0)
 Block: 97266            Offsets: 2752 to 3263           Dba:0x00000000
------------------------------------------------------------------------
 04c3094b 1202c114 01800600 417f2500 0d000004 c3094b15 01800180 0600417f 
 25002801 0004c309 4b100180 01800600 417f2500 28000004 c3094b08 02c10201 

 <32 bytes per line>

BBED> f
 File: /u01/app/oracle/oradata/xifenfei/system01.dbf (0)
 Block: 97266            Offsets: 2771 to 3282           Dba:0x00000000
------------------------------------------------------------------------
 04c3094b 15018001 80060041 7f250028 010004c3 094b1001 80018006 00417f25 
 00280000 04c3094b 0802c102 01800600 417f2500 24000004 c3094b09 02c10201 
 
 <32 bytes per line>

BBED> f
 File: /u01/app/oracle/oradata/xifenfei/system01.dbf (0)
 Block: 97266            Offsets: 2789 to 3300           Dba:0x00000000
------------------------------------------------------------------------
 04c3094b 10018001 80060041 7f250028 000004c3 094b0802 c1020180 0600417f 
 25002400 0004c309 4b0902c1 02018006 00417f25 00250000 04c3094b 0a02c103 

 <32 bytes per line>


BBED> set count 32
        COUNT           32

BBED> set offset 2771
        OFFSET          2771

BBED> d
 File: /u01/app/oracle/oradata/xifenfei/system01.dbf (0)
 Block: 97266            Offsets: 2771 to 2802           Dba:0x00000000
------------------------------------------------------------------------
 04c3094b 15018001 80060041 7f250028 010004c3 094b1001 80018006 00417f25 

 <32 bytes per line>

BBED> set offset +4
        OFFSET          2775

BBED> d
 File: /u01/app/oracle/oradata/xifenfei/system01.dbf (0)
 Block: 97266            Offsets: 2775 to 2806           Dba:0x00000000
------------------------------------------------------------------------
 15018001 80060041 7f250028 010004c3 094b1001 80018006 00417f25 00280000 

 <32 bytes per line>

BBED> m /x 17  
Warning: contents of previous BIFILE will be lost. Proceed? (Y/N) y
 File: /u01/app/oracle/oradata/xifenfei/system01.dbf (0)
 Block: 97266            Offsets: 2775 to 2806           Dba:0x00000000
------------------------------------------------------------------------
 17018001 80060041 7f250028 010004c3 094b1001 80018006 00417f25 00280000 

 <32 bytes per line>

BBED> sum apply
Check value for File 0, Block 97266:
current = 0x7955, required = 0x7955

BBED> verify
DBVERIFY - Verification starting
FILE = /u01/app/oracle/oradata/xifenfei/system01.dbf
BLOCK = 97266

Block 97266 is corrupt
Corrupt block relative dba: 0x00417bf2 (file 0, block 97266)
Fractured block found during verification
Data in bad block:
 type: 6 format: 2 rdba: 0x00417bf2
 last change scn: 0x0000.00102ed8 seq: 0x1 flg: 0x06
 spare1: 0x0 spare2: 0x0 spare3: 0x0
 consistency value in tail: 0x2ed80602
 check value in block header: 0x7955
 computed block checksum: 0x0


DBVERIFY - Verification complete

Total Blocks Examined         : 1
Total Blocks Processed (Data) : 0
Total Blocks Failing   (Data) : 0
Total Blocks Processed (Index): 0
Total Blocks Failing   (Index): 0
Total Blocks Empty            : 0
Total Blocks Marked Corrupt   : 1
Total Blocks Influx           : 2
Message 531 not found;  product=RDBMS; facility=BBED


BBED> set offset 8188
        OFFSET          8188

BBED> d
 File: /u01/app/oracle/oradata/xifenfei/system01.dbf (0)
 Block: 97266            Offsets: 8188 to 8191           Dba:0x00000000
------------------------------------------------------------------------
 0206d82e 

 <32 bytes per line>

BBED> m /x 01
 File: /u01/app/oracle/oradata/xifenfei/system01.dbf (0)
 Block: 97266            Offsets: 8188 to 8191           Dba:0x00000000
------------------------------------------------------------------------
 0106d82e 

 <32 bytes per line>

BBED> sum
Check value for File 0, Block 97266:
current = 0x7955, required = 0x7956

BBED> sum apply
Check value for File 0, Block 97266:
current = 0x7956, required = 0x7956

BBED> verify
DBVERIFY - Verification starting
FILE = /u01/app/oracle/oradata/xifenfei/system01.dbf
BLOCK = 97266


DBVERIFY - Verification complete

Total Blocks Examined         : 1
Total Blocks Processed (Data) : 0
Total Blocks Failing   (Data) : 0
Total Blocks Processed (Index): 1
Total Blocks Failing   (Index): 0
Total Blocks Empty            : 0
Total Blocks Marked Corrupt   : 0
Total Blocks Influx           : 0
Message 531 not found;  product=RDBMS; facility=BBED

通过bbed修改i_obj4中的dataobj#值使之和obj$中对应值一致

验证确认ORA-8102被修复

SQL> shutdown abort
ORACLE instance shut down.
SQL> startup
ORACLE instance started.

Total System Global Area 1570009088 bytes
Fixed Size                  2253584 bytes
Variable Size             469765360 bytes
Database Buffers         1090519040 bytes
Redo Buffers                7471104 bytes
Database mounted.
Database opened.
SQL>  create table t1 as select * from dual; 

Table created.

通过使用bbed修改index值后,ORA-8102问题解决,可以执行创建表操作
姊妹篇见:通过bbed修改obj$中dataobj$重现I_OBJ4索引报ORA-08102错误

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