对于IN Memory Option 部分细节测试—主要当inmemory_size不足之时

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标题:对于IN Memory Option 部分细节测试—主要当inmemory_size不足之时

作者:惜分飞©版权所有[未经本人同意,不得以任何形式转载,否则有进一步追究法律责任的权利.]

本文对于IMDB的几个特性进行了具体测试:
1. 压缩级别和压缩率(具体也需要具体测试),本实验仅提供参考
2. 对于IM空间不足已经存在的对象和加入新对象的现象
3. 对于PRIORITY级别进行了简单测试
数据库基本配置信息

SQL> select * from v$version;

BANNER                                                                               CON_ID
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------- ----------
Oracle Database 12c Enterprise Edition Release 12.1.0.2.0 - 64bit Production              0
PL/SQL Release 12.1.0.2.0 - Production                                                    0
CORE    12.1.0.2.0      Production                                                        0
TNS for 64-bit Windows: Version 12.1.0.2.0 - Production                                   0
NLSRTL Version 12.1.0.2.0 - Production                                                    0

SQL> show parameter inmemory;

NAME                                 TYPE        VALUE
------------------------------------ ----------- ------------------------------
inmemory_clause_default              string
inmemory_force                       string      DEFAULT
inmemory_max_populate_servers        integer     2
inmemory_query                       string      ENABLE
inmemory_size                        big integer 100M
inmemory_trickle_repopulate_servers_ integer     1
percent
optimizer_inmemory_aware             boolean     TRUE

数据库版本12.1.0.2,inmemory_size配置为100M

准备测试环境

SQL> create tablespace inmemory datafile 'D:\APP\FFCHENG\ORADATA\XFF\PDB\in_memory01.dbf' 
   2  size 100m autoextend on next 4m maxsize 10g;

表空间已创建。

SQL> create user chf identified by xifenfei;

用户已创建。

SQL> grant dba to chf;

授权成功。

SQL> alter user chf default tablespace inmemory;

用户已更改。

SQL> create table chf.t_inmemory1 as select * from dba_objects;

表已创建。

创建测试表空间,用户,测试表

测试压缩级别

SQL> alter table chf.t_inmemory1 inmemory NO MEMCOMPRESS;

表已更改。

SQL>  select segment_name,bytes,inmemory_size,INMEMORY_PRIORITY,INMEMORY_COMPRESSION 
  2  from v$im_segments where segment_name = 'T_INMEMORY1';

未选定行

SQL> SELECT COUNT(*) FROM chf.t_inmemory1;

  COUNT(*)
----------
     91040

SQL>  select segment_name,bytes,inmemory_size,INMEMORY_PRIORITY,INMEMORY_COMPRESSION 
  2  from v$im_segments where segment_name = 'T_INMEMORY1';

SEGMENT_NAME
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
     BYTES INMEMORY_SIZE INMEMORY INMEMORY_COMPRESS
---------- ------------- -------- -----------------
T_INMEMORY1
  13631488      10616832 NONE     NO MEMCOMPRESS

--NO MEMCOMPRESS 压缩比例非常小,基本上不压缩

SQL> alter table chf.t_inmemory1 no inmemory ;

表已更改。

SQL>  select segment_name,bytes,inmemory_size,INMEMORY_PRIORITY,INMEMORY_COMPRESSION 
  2  from v$im_segments where segment_name = 'T_INMEMORY1';

未选定行

SQL>  alter table chf.t_inmemory1 inmemory MEMCOMPRESS FOR DML
  2  ;

表已更改。

SQL> SELECT COUNT(*) FROM chf.t_inmemory1;

  COUNT(*)
----------
     91040

SQL>  select segment_name,bytes,inmemory_size,INMEMORY_PRIORITY,INMEMORY_COMPRESSION 
  2  from v$im_segments where segment_name = 'T_INMEMORY1';

SEGMENT_NAME
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
     BYTES INMEMORY_SIZE INMEMORY INMEMORY_COMPRESS
---------- ------------- -------- -----------------
T_INMEMORY1
  13631488      10616832 NONE     FOR DML

--FOR DML 压缩比例非常小,基本上不压缩和NO MEMCOMPRESS在压缩效果上类似

SQL> alter table chf.t_inmemory1 no inmemory ;

表已更改。

SQL> alter table chf.t_inmemory1 inmemory MEMCOMPRESS FOR QUERY LOW;

表已更改。

SQL> SELECT COUNT(*) FROM chf.t_inmemory1;

  COUNT(*)
----------
     91040

SQL>  select segment_name,bytes,inmemory_size,INMEMORY_PRIORITY,INMEMORY_COMPRESSION 
  2  from v$im_segments where segment_name = 'T_INMEMORY1';

SEGMENT_NAME
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
     BYTES INMEMORY_SIZE INMEMORY INMEMORY_COMPRESS
---------- ------------- -------- -----------------
T_INMEMORY1
  13631488       4325376 NONE     FOR QUERY LOW

-- FOR QUERY LOW为默认压缩级别,这里看压缩比例在3:1左右,具体取决于数据

SQL> alter table chf.t_inmemory1 no inmemory ;

表已更改。

SQL> alter table chf.t_inmemory1 inmemory MEMCOMPRESS FOR QUERY HIGH;

表已更改。

SQL>  select segment_name,bytes,inmemory_size,INMEMORY_PRIORITY,INMEMORY_COMPRESSION 
  2  from v$im_segments where segment_name = 'T_INMEMORY1';

未选定行

SQL> SELECT COUNT(*) FROM chf.t_inmemory1;

  COUNT(*)
----------
     91040

SQL>  select segment_name,bytes,inmemory_size,INMEMORY_PRIORITY,INMEMORY_COMPRESSION 
  2  from v$im_segments where segment_name = 'T_INMEMORY1';

SEGMENT_NAME
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
     BYTES INMEMORY_SIZE INMEMORY INMEMORY_COMPRESS
---------- ------------- -------- -----------------
T_INMEMORY1
  13631488       3276800 NONE     FOR QUERY HIGH

-- FOR QUERY HIGH,这里看压缩比例在4:1左右,具体取决于数据


SQL> alter table chf.t_inmemory1 no inmemory ;

表已更改。

SQL> alter table chf.t_inmemory1 inmemory MEMCOMPRESS FOR CAPACITY LOW;

表已更改。

SQL> SELECT COUNT(*) FROM chf.t_inmemory1;

  COUNT(*)
----------
     91040

SQL>  select segment_name,bytes,inmemory_size,INMEMORY_PRIORITY,INMEMORY_COMPRESSION 
  2  from v$im_segments where segment_name = 'T_INMEMORY1';

SEGMENT_NAME
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
     BYTES INMEMORY_SIZE INMEMORY INMEMORY_COMPRESS
---------- ------------- -------- -----------------
T_INMEMORY1
  13631488       2228224 NONE     FOR CAPACITY LOW

-- FOR CAPACITY LOW,这里看压缩比例在6:1左右,具体取决于数据

SQL> alter table chf.t_inmemory1 no inmemory ;

表已更改。

SQL> alter table chf.t_inmemory1 inmemory MEMCOMPRESS FOR CAPACITY HIGH;

表已更改。

SQL> SELECT COUNT(*) FROM chf.t_inmemory1;

  COUNT(*)
----------
     91040

SQL>  select segment_name,bytes,inmemory_size,INMEMORY_PRIORITY,INMEMORY_COMPRESSION 
  2  from v$im_segments where segment_name = 'T_INMEMORY1';

SEGMENT_NAME
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
     BYTES INMEMORY_SIZE INMEMORY INMEMORY_COMPRESS
---------- ------------- -------- -----------------
T_INMEMORY1
  13631488        131072 NONE     FOR CAPACITY HIGH

-- FOR CAPACITY HIGH,这里看压缩比例在10:1左右,具体取决于数据

这里可以看出来,压缩效果确实如Oracle所描述,级别越高压缩效果越好.

测试inmemory_size大小不足之时

SQL> alter table chf.t_inmemory1 inmemory no MEMCOMPRESS;

表已更改。

SQL> SELECT COUNT(*) FROM chf.t_inmemory1;

  COUNT(*)
----------
     91040

SQL>  select segment_name,bytes,inmemory_size,INMEMORY_PRIORITY,INMEMORY_COMPRESSION 
  2  from v$im_segments where segment_name = 'T_INMEMORY1';

SEGMENT_NAME
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
     BYTES INMEMORY_SIZE INMEMORY INMEMORY_COMPRESS
---------- ------------- -------- -----------------
T_INMEMORY1
  13631488      10616832 NONE     NO MEMCOMPRESS

--dml插入数据,不再次查询数据,v$im_segments.inmemory_size不发生改变(这个是bug还是设计考虑??)
SQL> insert into chf.t_inmemory1 select * from chf.t_inmemory1;

已创建 91040 行。

SQL>  select segment_name,bytes,inmemory_size,INMEMORY_PRIORITY,INMEMORY_COMPRESSION 
  2  from v$im_segments where segment_name = 'T_INMEMORY1';

SEGMENT_NAME
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
     BYTES INMEMORY_SIZE INMEMORY INMEMORY_COMPRESS
---------- ------------- -------- -----------------
T_INMEMORY1
  26214400      10616832 NONE     NO MEMCOMPRESS


SQL> commit;

提交完成。

SQL>  select segment_name,bytes,inmemory_size,INMEMORY_PRIORITY,INMEMORY_COMPRESSION 
  2  from v$im_segments where segment_name = 'T_INMEMORY1';

SEGMENT_NAME
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
     BYTES INMEMORY_SIZE INMEMORY INMEMORY_COMPRESS
---------- ------------- -------- -----------------
T_INMEMORY1
  26214400      10616832 NONE     NO MEMCOMPRESS


SQL> SELECT COUNT(*) FROM chf.t_inmemory1;

  COUNT(*)
----------
    182080

SQL>  select segment_name,bytes,inmemory_size,INMEMORY_PRIORITY,INMEMORY_COMPRESSION 
  2  from v$im_segments where segment_name = 'T_INMEMORY1';

SEGMENT_NAME
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
     BYTES INMEMORY_SIZE INMEMORY INMEMORY_COMPRESS
---------- ------------- -------- -----------------
T_INMEMORY1
  26214400      22282240 NONE     NO MEMCOMPRESS


SQL> insert into chf.t_inmemory1 select * from chf.t_inmemory1;

已创建 182080 行。

SQL> commit;

提交完成。

SQL>  select segment_name,bytes,inmemory_size,INMEMORY_PRIORITY,INMEMORY_COMPRESSION 
  2  from v$im_segments where segment_name = 'T_INMEMORY1';

SEGMENT_NAME
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
     BYTES INMEMORY_SIZE INMEMORY INMEMORY_COMPRESS
---------- ------------- -------- -----------------
T_INMEMORY1
  51380224      22282240 NONE     NO MEMCOMPRESS

--通过10046证明,虽然v$im_segments.inmemory_size值未及时更新,但是IMDB是生效的
SQL> oradebug setmypid
已处理的语句
SQL> alter session set db_file_multiblocK_read_count=1;

会话已更改。

SQL> oradebug EVENT 10046 TRACE NAME CONTEXT FOREVER, LEVEL 12
已处理的语句
SQL> oradebug TRACEFILE_NAME
D:\APP\FFCHENG\diag\rdbms\xff\xff\trace\xff_ora_7604.trc
SQL> SELECT COUNT(object_id) FROM chf.t_inmemory1;

COUNT(OBJECT_ID)
----------------
          364156

SQL> oradebug EVENT 10046 trace name context off
已处理的语句

PARSING IN CURSOR #455134016 len=44 dep=0 uid=0 oct=3 lid=0 tim=126773093621 hv=1133975269 
 ad='7ff07339500' sqlid='5909ukj1tf5r5'
SELECT COUNT(object_id) FROM chf.t_inmemory1
END OF STMT
PARSE #455134016:c=15600,e=3912,p=0,cr=2,cu=0,mis=1,r=0,dep=0,og=1,plh=3154396630,tim=126773093620
WAIT #455134016: nam='Disk file operations I/O' ela= 154 FileOperation=8 fileno=0 filetype=8 obj#=-1 tim=126773093926
EXEC #455134016:c=0,e=25,p=0,cr=0,cu=0,mis=0,r=0,dep=0,og=1,plh=3154396630,tim=126773094005
WAIT #455134016: nam='SQL*Net message to client' ela= 2 driver id=1111838976 #bytes=1 p3=0 obj#=-1 tim=126773094044
FETCH #455134016:c=0,e=13751,p=0,cr=3110,cu=1,mis=0,r=1,dep=0,og=1,plh=3154396630,tim=126773107829
STAT #455134016 id=1 cnt=1 pid=0 pos=1 obj=0 op='SORT AGGREGATE (cr=3110 pr=0 pw=0 time=13751 us)'
STAT #455134016 id=2 cnt=364160 pid=1 pos=1 obj=91914 op='TABLE ACCESS INMEMORY FULL T_INMEMORY1 (cr=3110 pr=0 
  pw=0 time=5386 us cost=17 size=455200 card=91040)'
WAIT #455134016: nam='SQL*Net message from client' ela= 116 driver id=1111838976 #bytes=1 p3=0 obj#=-1 tim=126773108164
FETCH #455134016:c=0,e=1,p=0,cr=0,cu=0,mis=0,r=0,dep=0,og=0,plh=3154396630,tim=126773108215
WAIT #455134016: nam='SQL*Net message to client' ela= 0 driver id=1111838976 #bytes=1 p3=0 obj#=-1 tim=126773108246


SQL>  select segment_name,bytes,inmemory_size,INMEMORY_PRIORITY,INMEMORY_COMPRESSION 
  2  from v$im_segments where segment_name = 'T_INMEMORY1';

SEGMENT_NAME
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
     BYTES INMEMORY_SIZE INMEMORY INMEMORY_COMPRESS
---------- ------------- -------- -----------------
T_INMEMORY1
  51380224      43384832 NONE     NO MEMCOMPRESS


SQL> SELECT COUNT(*) FROM chf.t_inmemory1;

  COUNT(*)
----------
    364160

SQL>  select segment_name,bytes,inmemory_size,INMEMORY_PRIORITY,INMEMORY_COMPRESSION 
  2  from v$im_segments where segment_name = 'T_INMEMORY1';

SEGMENT_NAME
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
     BYTES INMEMORY_SIZE INMEMORY INMEMORY_COMPRESS
---------- ------------- -------- -----------------
T_INMEMORY1
  51380224      43384832 NONE     NO MEMCOMPRESS

SQL> insert into chf.t_inmemory1 select * from chf.t_inmemory1;

已创建 364160 行。

SQL>  select segment_name,bytes,inmemory_size,INMEMORY_PRIORITY,INMEMORY_COMPRESSION 
  2  from v$im_segments where segment_name = 'T_INMEMORY1';

SEGMENT_NAME
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
     BYTES INMEMORY_SIZE INMEMORY INMEMORY_COMPRESS
---------- ------------- -------- -----------------
T_INMEMORY1
 109051904      43384832 NONE     NO MEMCOMPRESS


SQL> commit;

提交完成。

SQL> SELECT COUNT(*) FROM chf.t_inmemory1;

  COUNT(*)
----------
    728320

SQL>  select segment_name,bytes,inmemory_size,INMEMORY_PRIORITY,INMEMORY_COMPRESSION 
  2  from v$im_segments where segment_name = 'T_INMEMORY1';

SEGMENT_NAME
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
     BYTES INMEMORY_SIZE INMEMORY INMEMORY_COMPRESS
---------- ------------- -------- -----------------
T_INMEMORY1
 109051904      43384832 NONE     NO MEMCOMPRESS


SQL>  select segment_name,bytes,inmemory_size,INMEMORY_PRIORITY,INMEMORY_COMPRESSION 
  2  from v$im_segments where segment_name = 'T_INMEMORY1';

SEGMENT_NAME
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
     BYTES INMEMORY_SIZE INMEMORY INMEMORY_COMPRESS
---------- ------------- -------- -----------------
T_INMEMORY1
 109051904      71892992 NONE     NO MEMCOMPRESS

--这里可以看出来INMEMORY_SIZE已经使用了71892992,再插入一次数据,一共100M的IM肯定不够使用


SQL> insert into chf.t_inmemory1 select * from chf.t_inmemory1;

已创建 728320 行。

SQL> commit;

提交完成。

SQL> select count(object_id) from chf.t_inmemory1;

COUNT(OBJECT_ID)
----------------
         1456624

SQL>  select segment_name,bytes,inmemory_size,INMEMORY_PRIORITY,INMEMORY_COMPRESSION 
  2  from v$im_segments where segment_name = 'T_INMEMORY1';

SEGMENT_NAME
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
     BYTES INMEMORY_SIZE INMEMORY INMEMORY_COMPRESS
---------- ------------- -------- -----------------
T_INMEMORY1
 201326592      63438848 NONE     NO MEMCOMPRESS

--这里现在的INMEMORY_SIZE变为了63438848小于在插入数据之前的71892992,证明IM肯定出现问题,比如已经满了,
  v$im_segments显示值不准确


--测试刷新buffer_cache对IM的影响
SQL> alter system flush buffer_cache;

系统已更改。

SQL>  select segment_name,bytes,inmemory_size,INMEMORY_PRIORITY,INMEMORY_COMPRESSION 
  2  from v$im_segments where segment_name = 'T_INMEMORY1';

SEGMENT_NAME
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
     BYTES INMEMORY_SIZE INMEMORY INMEMORY_COMPRESS
---------- ------------- -------- -----------------
T_INMEMORY1
 201326592      63438848 NONE     NO MEMCOMPRESS

--结果证明无影响


autotrace结果
SQL> set autot trace exp stat
SQL> set lines 120
SQL> pages 1000
SQL> set pages 1000
SQL> select count(*) from chf.t_inmemory1;


执行计划
----------------------------------------------------------
Plan hash value: 3154396630

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
| Id  | Operation                   | Name        | Rows  | Cost (%CPU)| Time     |
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
|   0 | SELECT STATEMENT            |             |     1 |    16   (0)| 00:00:01 |
|   1 |  SORT AGGREGATE             |             |     1 |            |          |
|   2 |   TABLE ACCESS INMEMORY FULL| T_INMEMORY1 | 91040 |    16   (0)| 00:00:01 |
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------


统计信息
----------------------------------------------------------
          5  recursive calls
          0  db block gets
      16693  consistent gets
      16690  physical reads
          0  redo size
        546  bytes sent via SQL*Net to client
        552  bytes received via SQL*Net from client
          2  SQL*Net roundtrips to/from client
          0  sorts (memory)
          0  sorts (disk)
          1  rows processed


10046结果
SQL ID: 1b61dgunxftdx Plan Hash: 3154396630

select count(object_id) 
from
 chf.t_inmemory1


call     count       cpu    elapsed       disk      query    current        rows
------- ------  -------- ---------- ---------- ---------- ----------  ----------
Parse        1      0.00       0.00          0          2          0           0
Execute      1      0.00       0.00          0          0          0           0
Fetch        2      1.26       4.14      16689      22446          0           1
------- ------  -------- ---------- ---------- ---------- ----------  ----------
total        4      1.26       4.14      16689      22448          0           1

Misses in library cache during parse: 1
Optimizer mode: ALL_ROWS
Parsing user id: SYS
Number of plan statistics captured: 1

Rows (1st) Rows (avg) Rows (max)  Row Source Operation
---------- ---------- ----------  ---------------------------------------------------
         1          1          1  SORT AGGREGATE (cr=22446 pr=16689 pw=0 time=4144536 us)
   1456640    1456640    1456640   TABLE ACCESS INMEMORY FULL T_INMEMORY1 (cr=22446 pr=16689 pw=0 
                                         time=2560999 us cost=17 size=455200 card=91040)


Elapsed times include waiting on following events:
  Event waited on                             Times   Max. Wait  Total Waited
  ----------------------------------------   Waited  ----------  ------------
  Disk file operations I/O                        1        0.00          0.00
  SQL*Net message to client                       2        0.00          0.00
  db file sequential read                     16689        0.03          3.05
  SQL*Net message from client                     2        5.40          5.40

--autotrace和10046都证明,当IM size不足之时,数据库未能够使用IM的特性,哪怕是部分也不能使用


--创建新对象存放IM中
SQL> create table chf.t_inmemory2 as select * from dba_objects;

表已创建。

SQL> alter table chf.t_inmemory2 inmemory;

表已更改。

SQL> select count(*) from chf.t_inmemory2;

  COUNT(*)
----------
     91041

SQL>  select segment_name,bytes,inmemory_size,INMEMORY_PRIORITY,INMEMORY_COMPRESSION 
  2  from v$im_segments where segment_name = 'T_INMEMORY1';

SEGMENT_NAME
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
     BYTES INMEMORY_SIZE INMEMORY INMEMORY_COMPRESS
---------- ------------- -------- -----------------
T_INMEMORY1
 201326592      63438848 NONE     NO MEMCOMPRESS

SQL> select count(*) from chf.t_inmemory2;


执行计划
----------------------------------------------------------
Plan hash value: 2042227318

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
| Id  | Operation                   | Name        | Rows  | Cost (%CPU)| Time     |
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
|   0 | SELECT STATEMENT            |             |     1 |    16   (0)| 00:00:01 |
|   1 |  SORT AGGREGATE             |             |     1 |            |          |
|   2 |   TABLE ACCESS INMEMORY FULL| T_INMEMORY2 | 91041 |    16   (0)| 00:00:01 |
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------


统计信息
----------------------------------------------------------
          0  recursive calls
          0  db block gets
       1532  consistent gets
       1530  physical reads
          0  redo size
        545  bytes sent via SQL*Net to client
        552  bytes received via SQL*Net from client
          2  SQL*Net roundtrips to/from client
          0  sorts (memory)
          0  sorts (disk)
          1  rows processed


SQL> alter table chf.t_inmemory1 no inmemory;

表已更改。

SQL>  select segment_name,bytes,inmemory_size,INMEMORY_PRIORITY,INMEMORY_COMPRESSION 
   2  from v$im_segments where segment_name = 'T_INMEMORY2';

未选定行

SQL> set autot traceonly exp stat
SQL> select count(*) from chf.t_inmemory2;


执行计划
----------------------------------------------------------
Plan hash value: 2042227318

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
| Id  | Operation                   | Name        | Rows  | Cost (%CPU)| Time     |
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
|   0 | SELECT STATEMENT            |             |     1 |    16   (0)| 00:00:01 |
|   1 |  SORT AGGREGATE             |             |     1 |            |          |
|   2 |   TABLE ACCESS INMEMORY FULL| T_INMEMORY2 | 91041 |    16   (0)| 00:00:01 |
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------


统计信息
----------------------------------------------------------
         57  recursive calls
          0  db block gets
       1565  consistent gets
       1532  physical reads
          0  redo size
        545  bytes sent via SQL*Net to client
        552  bytes received via SQL*Net from client
          2  SQL*Net roundtrips to/from client
          5  sorts (memory)
          0  sorts (disk)
          1  rows processed

SQL> set autot off
SQL>  select segment_name,bytes,inmemory_size,INMEMORY_PRIORITY,INMEMORY_COMPRESSION 
   2  from v$im_segments where segment_name = 'T_INMEMORY2';

SEGMENT_NAME
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
     BYTES INMEMORY_SIZE INMEMORY INMEMORY_COMPRESS
---------- ------------- -------- -----------------
T_INMEMORY2
  13631488       4325376 NONE     FOR QUERY LOW


SQL> set autot traceonly exp stat
SQL> select count(*) from chf.t_inmemory2;


执行计划
----------------------------------------------------------
Plan hash value: 2042227318

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
| Id  | Operation                   | Name        | Rows  | Cost (%CPU)| Time     |
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
|   0 | SELECT STATEMENT            |             |     1 |    53   (0)| 00:00:01 |
|   1 |  SORT AGGREGATE             |             |     1 |            |          |
|   2 |   TABLE ACCESS INMEMORY FULL| T_INMEMORY2 | 91041 |    53   (0)| 00:00:01 |
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------


统计信息
----------------------------------------------------------
          0  recursive calls
          0  db block gets
          3  consistent gets
          0  physical reads
          0  redo size
        545  bytes sent via SQL*Net to client
        552  bytes received via SQL*Net from client
          2  SQL*Net roundtrips to/from client
          0  sorts (memory)
          0  sorts (disk)
          1  rows processed
--当IM已经无空闲空间之时,创建新对象在PRIORITY未提升之前,即便是设置了IM和对对象进行了访问,也无法存入IM

上述测试几个结论:
1. 随着IM中对象的增加,当INMEMORY_SIZE不足之时,v$im_segments.INMEMORY_SIZE显示不准确
2. 随着IM中对象的增加,当INMEMORY_SIZE不足之时,当IM中的对象不能全部在IM中之时,对其对象操作,会转换成传统数据库操作,
不会使用部分的IM特性,但是执行计划依然提示使用INMEMORY
3. flush buffer_cache 不影响对象的IM
4. 当IM已经无空闲空间之时,创建新对象在PRIORITY未提升之前,即便是设置了IM和对对象进行了访问,也无法存入IM,
访问依然是传统方式,但是执行计划是INMEMORY

测试PRIORITY

 
SQL>  select segment_name,bytes,inmemory_size,INMEMORY_PRIORITY,INMEMORY_COMPRESSION from v$im_segments;

SEGMENT_NAME
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
     BYTES INMEMORY_SIZE INMEMORY INMEMORY_COMPRESS
---------- ------------- -------- -----------------
T_INMEMORY1
 201326592      57999360 NONE     NO MEMCOMPRESS


SQL> alter table chf.t_inmemory2  inmemory;

表已更改。

SQL> select count(*) from chf.t_inmemory2;

  COUNT(*)
----------
     91041

SQL>  select segment_name,bytes,inmemory_size,INMEMORY_PRIORITY,INMEMORY_COMPRESSION from v$im_segments;

SEGMENT_NAME
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
     BYTES INMEMORY_SIZE INMEMORY INMEMORY_COMPRESS
---------- ------------- -------- -----------------
T_INMEMORY1
 201326592      57999360 NONE     NO MEMCOMPRESS


SQL> alter table chf.t_inmemory1  inmemory no memcompress PRIORITY LOW;

表已更改。

SQL>  select segment_name,bytes,inmemory_size,INMEMORY_PRIORITY,INMEMORY_COMPRESSION from v$im_segments;

未选定行

SQL> select count(*) from chf.t_inmemory2;

  COUNT(*)
----------
     91041

SQL>  select segment_name,bytes,inmemory_size,INMEMORY_PRIORITY,INMEMORY_COMPRESSION from v$im_segments;

SEGMENT_NAME
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
     BYTES INMEMORY_SIZE INMEMORY INMEMORY_COMPRESS
---------- ------------- -------- -----------------
T_INMEMORY2
  13631488       4325376 NONE     FOR QUERY LOW

这里测试证明:
1. 指定PRIORITY不为none也需要访问对象后才能够放入IM中
2. 当IM不足时,PRIORITY级别高的会把级别低的对象刷出IM

特此声明:本文仅出自个人测试,得出结论,不可作为任何官方依据使用,具体环境需要具体测试

此条目发表在 ORACLE 12C 分类目录,贴了 , 标签。将固定链接加入收藏夹。

对于IN Memory Option 部分细节测试—主要当inmemory_size不足之时》有 1 条评论

  1. GMM 说:

    我测试IM这个功能似乎只能在用一时间内IM一个table,不知道这个合理么?还是由于内存不够呢?

      [引用]  [回复]

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