又一起存储故障导致ORA-00333 ORA-00312恢复

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标题:又一起存储故障导致ORA-00333 ORA-00312恢复

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数据库启动报ORA-00333 ORA-00312错误,无法正常open数据库

Thu Aug 07 10:42:03  2014
Errors in file d:\oracle\product\10.2.0\admin\szcg\bdump\szcg_arc0_4724.trc:
ORA-00333: redo log read error block 63489 count 2048
ORA-00312: online log 2 thread 1: 'F:\ORADATA\SZCG\REDO02.LOG'
ORA-27091: unable to queue I/O
ORA-27070: async read/write failed
OSD-04006: ReadFile() 失败, 无法读取文件
O/S-Error: (OS 1) 函数不正确。

Thu Aug 07 10:42:03  2014
Errors in file d:\oracle\product\10.2.0\admin\szcg\bdump\szcg_arc0_4724.trc:
ORA-00333: redo log read error block 63489 count 2048

Thu Aug 07 10:42:03  2014
ARC0: All Archive destinations made inactive due to error 333
Thu Aug 07 10:42:03  2014
Errors in file d:\oracle\product\10.2.0\admin\szcg\udump\szcg_ora_1856.trc:
ORA-00449: 后台进程 'LGWR' 因错误 340 异常终止
ORA-00340: 处理联机日志  (用于线程 ) 时出现 I/O 错误

Thu Aug 07 10:42:03  2014
Errors in file d:\oracle\product\10.2.0\admin\szcg\udump\szcg_ora_6548.trc:
ORA-00449: 后台进程 'LGWR' 因错误 340 异常终止
ORA-00340: 处理联机日志  (用于线程 ) 时出现 I/O 错误

Thu Aug 07 10:42:03  2014
Errors in file d:\oracle\product\10.2.0\admin\szcg\udump\szcg_ora_8104.trc:
ORA-00449: 后台进程 'LGWR' 因错误 340 异常终止
ORA-00340: 处理联机日志  (用于线程 ) 时出现 I/O 错误

Thu Aug 07 10:42:03  2014
Errors in file d:\oracle\product\10.2.0\admin\szcg\bdump\szcg_lgwr_884.trc:
ORA-00340: IO error processing online log 3 of thread 1
ORA-00345: redo log write error block 65238 count 13
ORA-00312: online log 3 thread 1: 'F:\ORADATA\SZCG\REDO03.LOG'
ORA-27070: async read/write failed
OSD-04016: 异步 I/O 请求排队时出错。
O/S-Error: (OS 1) 函数不正确。

Thu Aug 07 10:42:03  2014
LGWR: terminating instance due to error 340
Thu Aug 07 10:42:05  2014
Errors in file d:\oracle\product\10.2.0\admin\szcg\udump\szcg_ora_8104.trc:
ORA-00603: ORACLE server session terminated by fatal error
ORA-00449: background process 'LGWR' unexpectedly terminated with error 340
ORA-00340: IO error processing online log  of thread 

Thu Aug 07 10:42:05  2014
Errors in file d:\oracle\product\10.2.0\admin\szcg\udump\szcg_ora_1856.trc:
ORA-00603: ORACLE server session terminated by fatal error
ORA-00449: background process 'LGWR' unexpectedly terminated with error 340
ORA-00340: IO error processing online log  of thread 

Thu Aug 07 10:42:05  2014
Errors in file d:\oracle\product\10.2.0\admin\szcg\udump\szcg_ora_6548.trc:
ORA-00603: ORACLE server session terminated by fatal error
ORA-00449: background process 'LGWR' unexpectedly terminated with error 340
ORA-00340: IO error processing online log  of thread 


Thu Aug 07 17:40:05  2014
ALTER DATABASE OPEN
Thu Aug 07 17:40:05  2014
Beginning crash recovery of 1 threads
 parallel recovery started with 15 processes
Thu Aug 07 17:40:06  2014
Started redo scan
Thu Aug 07 17:40:06  2014
Errors in file d:\oracle\product\10.2.0\admin\szcg\udump\szcg_ora_5168.trc:
ORA-00333: 重做日志读取块 63016 计数 8192 出错
ORA-00312: 联机日志 3 线程 1: 'F:\ORADATA\SZCG\REDO03.LOG'
ORA-27070: 异步读取/写入失败
OSD-04016: 异步 I/O 请求排队时出错。
O/S-Error: (OS 1) 函数不正确。

Thu Aug 07 17:40:06  2014
Errors in file d:\oracle\product\10.2.0\admin\szcg\udump\szcg_ora_5168.trc:
ORA-00333: 重做日志读取块 63016 计数 8192 出错
ORA-00312: 联机日志 3 线程 1: 'F:\ORADATA\SZCG\REDO03.LOG'
ORA-27091: 无法将 I/O 排队
ORA-27070: 异步读取/写入失败
OSD-04006: ReadFile() 失败, 无法读取文件
O/S-Error: (OS 1) 函数不正确。

Thu Aug 07 17:40:06  2014
Aborting crash recovery due to error 333
Thu Aug 07 17:40:06  2014
Errors in file d:\oracle\product\10.2.0\admin\szcg\udump\szcg_ora_5168.trc:
ORA-00333: 重做日志读取块 63016 计数 8192 出错

ORA-333 signalled during: ALTER DATABASE OPEN...

进一步检查发现在7月6日系统就已经报io异常

Sun Jul 06 10:05:23  2014
ARC0: All Archive destinations made inactive due to error 333
Sun Jul 06 10:06:07  2014
KCF: write/open error block=0xd03 online=1
     file=3 F:\ORADATA\SZCG\SYSAUX01.DBF
     error=27070 txt: 'OSD-04016: 异步 I/O 请求排队时出错。
O/S-Error: (OS 1) 函数不正确。'
Automatic datafile offline due to write error on
file 3: F:\ORADATA\SZCG\SYSAUX01.DBF
Sun Jul 06 10:06:23  2014
Errors in file d:\oracle\product\10.2.0\admin\szcg\bdump\szcg_arc1_2676.trc:
ORA-00333: redo log read error block 63489 count 2048
ORA-00312: online log 2 thread 1: 'F:\ORADATA\SZCG\REDO02.LOG'
ORA-27091: unable to queue I/O
ORA-27070: async read/write failed
OSD-04006: ReadFile() 失败, 无法读取文件
O/S-Error: (OS 1) 函数不正确。

Thu Aug 07 10:36:54  2014
ARC1: All Archive destinations made inactive due to error 333
Thu Aug 07 10:37:25  2014
Errors in file d:\oracle\product\10.2.0\admin\szcg\bdump\szcg_m000_5832.trc:
ORA-01135: file 3 accessed for DML/query is offline
ORA-01110: data file 3: 'F:\ORADATA\SZCG\SYSAUX01.DBF'

检查硬件发现raid一块盘完全损坏,另外一块盘也处于告警状态,保护现场拷贝文件过程中发现redo02,redo03,sysaux无法拷贝,使用rman检查发现
sysaux-block


因为redo完全损坏,使用工具跳过坏块,拷贝相关有坏块文件到其他目录,重命名相关文件尝试启动数据库,依然报ORA-00333 ORA-00312

Started redo scan
Thu Aug 07 17:40:06  2014
Errors in file d:\oracle\product\10.2.0\admin\szcg\udump\szcg_ora_5168.trc:
ORA-00333: 重做日志读取块 63016 计数 8192 出错
ORA-00312: 联机日志 3 线程 1: 'F:\ORADATA\SZCG\REDO03.LOG'
ORA-27070: 异步读取/写入失败
OSD-04016: 异步 I/O 请求排队时出错。
O/S-Error: (OS 1) 函数不正确。

Thu Aug 07 17:40:06  2014
Errors in file d:\oracle\product\10.2.0\admin\szcg\udump\szcg_ora_5168.trc:
ORA-00333: 重做日志读取块 63016 计数 8192 出错
ORA-00312: 联机日志 3 线程 1: 'F:\ORADATA\SZCG\REDO03.LOG'
ORA-27091: 无法将 I/O 排队
ORA-27070: 异步读取/写入失败
OSD-04006: ReadFile() 失败, 无法读取文件
O/S-Error: (OS 1) 函数不正确。

Thu Aug 07 17:40:06  2014
Aborting crash recovery due to error 333
Thu Aug 07 17:40:06  2014
Errors in file d:\oracle\product\10.2.0\admin\szcg\udump\szcg_ora_5168.trc:
ORA-00333: 重做日志读取块 63016 计数 8192 出错

ORA-333 signalled during: ALTER DATABASE OPEN...

设置隐含参数_allow_resetlogs_corruption,尝试强制拉库

Started redo scan
Fri Aug 08 12:13:25  2014
Errors in file d:\oracle\product\10.2.0\admin\szcg\udump\szcg_ora_3892.trc:
ORA-00333: 重做日志读取块 63016 计数 8192 出错
ORA-00312: 联机日志 3 线程 1: 'F:\ORADATA\SZCG\REDO03.LOG'
ORA-27070: 异步读取/写入失败
OSD-04016: 异步 I/O 请求排队时出错。
O/S-Error: (OS 1) 函数不正确。

Fri Aug 08 12:13:25  2014
Errors in file d:\oracle\product\10.2.0\admin\szcg\udump\szcg_ora_3892.trc:
ORA-00333: 重做日志读取块 63016 计数 8192 出错
ORA-00312: 联机日志 3 线程 1: 'F:\ORADATA\SZCG\REDO03.LOG'
ORA-27091: 无法将 I/O 排队
ORA-27070: 异步读取/写入失败
OSD-04006: ReadFile() 失败, 无法读取文件
O/S-Error: (OS 1) 函数不正确。

Fri Aug 08 12:13:25  2014
Aborting crash recovery due to error 333
Fri Aug 08 12:13:25  2014
Errors in file d:\oracle\product\10.2.0\admin\szcg\udump\szcg_ora_3892.trc:
ORA-00333: 重做日志读取块 63016 计数 8192 出错

ORA-333 signalled during: ALTER DATABASE OPEN...
Fri Aug 08 12:13:45  2014
ALTER DATABASE RECOVER  database until cancel  
Fri Aug 08 12:13:45  2014
Media Recovery Start
 parallel recovery started with 15 processes
ORA-279 signalled during: ALTER DATABASE RECOVER  database until cancel  ...
Fri Aug 08 12:13:55  2014
ALTER DATABASE RECOVER    CANCEL  
Fri Aug 08 12:13:59  2014
ORA-1547 signalled during: ALTER DATABASE RECOVER    CANCEL  ...
Fri Aug 08 12:13:59  2014
ALTER DATABASE RECOVER CANCEL 
ORA-1112 signalled during: ALTER DATABASE RECOVER CANCEL ...
Fri Aug 08 12:14:12  2014
alter database open resetlogs
Fri Aug 08 12:14:13  2014
RESETLOGS is being done without consistancy checks. This may result
in a corrupted database. The database should be recreated.
ORA-1245 signalled during: alter database open resetlogs...
Fri Aug 08 12:54:11  2014
alter tablespace sysaux offline
Fri Aug 08 12:54:11  2014
ORA-1109 signalled during: alter tablespace sysaux offline...
Fri Aug 08 13:05:30  2014
alter database open
Fri Aug 08 13:05:30  2014
ORA-1589 signalled during: alter database open...

在offline过程中,数据库检查到sysaux数据文件为offline状态,当表空间只有一个数据文件,而且该数据文件为offline,数据库将会尝试offline sysaux表空间,但是发现该表空间文件非正常scn,无法offline 表空间,导致resetlogs操作失败。这里是操作失误应该先online相关数据文件,然后再进行resetlogs操作

Sat Aug 09 11:56:03  2014
alter database datafile 3 online
Sat Aug 09 11:56:04  2014
Completed: alter database datafile 3 online
Sat Aug 09 11:56:08  2014
alter database open resetlogs
RESETLOGS is being done without consistancy checks. This may result
in a corrupted database. The database should be recreated.
Sat Aug 09 11:56:18  2014
ARCH: Encountered disk I/O error 19502
Sat Aug 09 11:56:18  2014
Errors in file d:\oracle\product\10.2.0\admin\szcg\udump\szcg_ora_4516.trc:
ORA-19502: 文件 "F:\ARCHIVE\ARC01745_0814618167.001", 块编号 55297 写错误 (块大小 = 512) 
ORA-27072: 文件 I/O 错误
OSD-04008: WriteFile() 失败, 无法写入文件
O/S-Error: (OS 1) 函数不正确。
ORA-19502: 文件 "F:\ARCHIVE\ARC01745_0814618167.001", 块编号 55297 写错误 (块大小 = 512) 

Sat Aug 09 11:56:18  2014
Errors in file d:\oracle\product\10.2.0\admin\szcg\udump\szcg_ora_4516.trc:
ORA-19502: 文件 "F:\ARCHIVE\ARC01745_0814618167.001", 块编号 55297 写错误 (块大小 = 512) 
ORA-27072: 文件 I/O 错误
OSD-04008: WriteFile() 失败, 无法写入文件
O/S-Error: (OS 1) 函数不正确。
ORA-19502: 文件 "F:\ARCHIVE\ARC01745_0814618167.001", 块编号 55297 写错误 (块大小 = 512) 

ARCH: I/O error 19502 archiving log 3 to 'F:\ARCHIVE\ARC01745_0814618167.001'
Sat Aug 09 11:56:18  2014
Errors in file d:\oracle\product\10.2.0\admin\szcg\udump\szcg_ora_4516.trc:
ORA-00265: 要求实例恢复, 无法设置 ARCHIVELOG 模式

Archive all online redo logfiles failed:265
RESETLOGS after incomplete recovery UNTIL CHANGE 77983856
Resetting resetlogs activation ID 3562192628 (0xd452bef4)
Online log F:\ORADATA\SZCG\REDO01.LOG: Thread 1 Group 1 was previously cleared
Online log F:\ORADATA\SZCG\REDO02.LOG: Thread 1 Group 2 was previously cleared
Online log D:\REDO04.LOG: Thread 1 Group 4 was previously cleared
Sat Aug 09 11:56:22  2014
Setting recovery target incarnation to 3
Sat Aug 09 11:56:23  2014
Assigning activation ID 3602586269 (0xd6bb1a9d)
LGWR: STARTING ARCH PROCESSES
ARC0 started with pid=33, OS id=5900
Sat Aug 09 11:56:23  2014
ARC0: Archival started
ARC1: Archival started
LGWR: STARTING ARCH PROCESSES COMPLETE
ARC1 started with pid=34, OS id=5776
Sat Aug 09 11:56:24  2014
Thread 1 opened at log sequence 1
  Current log# 1 seq# 1 mem# 0: F:\ORADATA\SZCG\REDO01.LOG
Successful open of redo thread 1
Sat Aug 09 11:56:24  2014
MTTR advisory is disabled because FAST_START_MTTR_TARGET is not set
Sat Aug 09 11:56:24  2014
ARC1: Becoming the 'no FAL' ARCH
ARC1: Becoming the 'no SRL' ARCH
Sat Aug 09 11:56:24  2014
ARC0: Becoming the heartbeat ARCH
Sat Aug 09 11:56:24  2014
SMON: enabling cache recovery
Sat Aug 09 11:56:25  2014
Errors in file d:\oracle\product\10.2.0\admin\szcg\udump\szcg_ora_4516.trc:
ORA-00600: 内部错误代码, 参数: [2662], [0], [77983864], [0], [77992379], [8388617], [], []

Sat Aug 09 11:56:26  2014
Errors in file d:\oracle\product\10.2.0\admin\szcg\udump\szcg_ora_4516.trc:
ORA-00600: 内部错误代码, 参数: [2662], [0], [77983864], [0], [77992379], [8388617], [], []

Sat Aug 09 11:56:26  2014
Error 600 happened during db open, shutting down database
USER: terminating instance due to error 600
Instance terminated by USER, pid = 4516
ORA-1092 signalled during: alter database open resetlogs...

ORA-600 2662这个错误很熟悉,直接推SCN,数据库open,但是报ORA-600 4194

Sat Aug 09 12:01:28  2014
SMON: enabling cache recovery
Dictionary check complete
Sat Aug 09 12:01:32  2014
SMON: enabling tx recovery
Sat Aug 09 12:01:32  2014
Database Characterset is ZHS16GBK
Opening with internal Resource Manager plan 
replication_dependency_tracking turned off (no async multimaster replication found)
Starting background process QMNC
QMNC started with pid=34, OS id=6116
Sat Aug 09 12:01:34  2014
LOGSTDBY: Validating controlfile with logical metadata
Sat Aug 09 12:01:34  2014
LOGSTDBY: Validation complete
Sat Aug 09 12:01:34  2014
Errors in file d:\oracle\product\10.2.0\admin\szcg\bdump\szcg_smon_920.trc:
ORA-00600: internal error code, arguments: [4194], [21], [53], [], [], [], [], []

Sat Aug 09 12:01:36  2014
Doing block recovery for file 2 block 319
Resuming block recovery (PMON) for file 2 block 319
Block recovery from logseq 2, block 56 to scn 1073742003
Sat Aug 09 12:01:36  2014
Recovery of Online Redo Log: Thread 1 Group 2 Seq 2 Reading mem 0
  Mem# 0: F:\ORADATA\SZCG\REDO02.LOG
Block recovery stopped at EOT rba 2.79.16
Block recovery completed at rba 2.79.16, scn 0.1073742002
Doing block recovery for file 2 block 153
Resuming block recovery (PMON) for file 2 block 153
Block recovery from logseq 2, block 56 to scn 1073741986
Sat Aug 09 12:01:36  2014
Recovery of Online Redo Log: Thread 1 Group 2 Seq 2 Reading mem 0
  Mem# 0: F:\ORADATA\SZCG\REDO02.LOG
Block recovery completed at rba 2.66.16, scn 0.1073741988
Sat Aug 09 12:01:36  2014
Errors in file d:\oracle\product\10.2.0\admin\szcg\bdump\szcg_smon_920.trc:
ORA-01595: error freeing extent (4) of rollback segment (10))
ORA-00607: Internal error occurred while making a change to a data block
ORA-00600: internal error code, arguments: [4194], [21], [53], [], [], [], [], []

Sat Aug 09 12:01:36  2014
Errors in file d:\oracle\product\10.2.0\admin\szcg\udump\szcg_ora_5272.trc:
ORA-00600: internal error code, arguments: [4194], [21], [53], [], [], [], [], []

Sat Aug 09 12:01:36  2014
Completed: alter database open

尝试重建undo表空间并切换undo_tabspace到新undo表空间解决,因为数据库在恢复过程中使用了隐含参数强制拉库,不能保证数据一致性,强烈建议逻辑方式重建数据库
在本次故障中,所幸的是只有redo和sysaux文件损坏,如果是业务数据文件或者system数据文件损坏,恢复的后果可能更加麻烦,丢失数据可能更加多。再次说明:数据库备份非常重要,数据的安全性不能完全寄希望于硬件之上

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