关于ORACLE 11G密码大小写敏感猜想(USER$.SPARE4)

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标题:关于ORACLE 11G密码大小写敏感猜想(USER$.SPARE4)

作者:惜分飞©版权所有[未经本人同意,不得以任何形式转载,否则有进一步追究法律责任的权利.]

从11.1开始密码大小写敏感了,同时可以设置sec_case_sensitive_logon参数可以忽略大小写敏感。
通过朋友咨询的不设置sec_case_sensitive_logon参数让密码大小写不敏感的实验这篇文章疑惑,同时也感谢朋友让我学习到了新知识,我通过测试证明了如下结论:
1.password_versions的优先级大于sec_case_sensitive_logon
2.通过修改USER$.SPARE4为空实现了屏蔽ORACLE 11g密码大小写敏感

10g创建用户导出数据

SQL> create user ora10g identified by xifenfei;

User created.

SQL> grant connect to ora10g;

Grant succeeded.


C:\Documents and Settings\Administrator>expdp \"/ as sysdba \" DIRECTORY=exp_dp
DUMPFILE=chf.dmp schemas=ora10g

Export: Release 10.2.0.1.0 - Production on 星期三, 15 5月, 2013 22:59:45

Copyright (c) 2003, 2005, Oracle.  All rights reserved.

连接到: Oracle Database 10g Enterprise Edition Release 10.2.0.1.0 - Production
With the Partitioning, OLAP and Data Mining options
启动 "SYS"."SYS_EXPORT_SCHEMA_01":  "/******** AS SYSDBA" DIRECTORY=exp_dp DUMPF
ILE=chf.dmp schemas=ora10g
正在使用 BLOCKS 方法进行估计...
处理对象类型 SCHEMA_EXPORT/TABLE/TABLE_DATA
使用 BLOCKS 方法的总估计: 0 KB
处理对象类型 SCHEMA_EXPORT/USER
处理对象类型 SCHEMA_EXPORT/ROLE_GRANT
处理对象类型 SCHEMA_EXPORT/DEFAULT_ROLE
处理对象类型 SCHEMA_EXPORT/PRE_SCHEMA/PROCACT_SCHEMA
已成功加载/卸载了主表 "SYS"."SYS_EXPORT_SCHEMA_01"
******************************************************************************
SYS.SYS_EXPORT_SCHEMA_01 的转储文件集为:
  C:\CHF.DMP
作业 "SYS"."SYS_EXPORT_SCHEMA_01" 已于 23:00:19 成功完成

11g创建用户


SQL> select * from v$version;

BANNER
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Oracle Database 11g Enterprise Edition Release 11.2.0.3.0 - 64bit Production
PL/SQL Release 11.2.0.3.0 - Production
CORE    11.2.0.3.0      Production
TNS for Linux: Version 11.2.0.3.0 - Production
NLSRTL Version 11.2.0.3.0 - Production

SQL> show parameter logon

NAME                                 TYPE        VALUE
------------------------------------ ----------- ------------------------------
sec_case_sensitive_logon             boolean     TRUE
SQL> create user ora11g identified by xifenfei;

User created.

SQL> grant connect to ora11g;

Grant succeeded.

SQL> conn ora11g/xifenfei
Connected.
SQL> conn ora11g/XIFENFEI
ERROR:
ORA-01017: invalid username/password; logon denied


Warning: You are no longer connected to ORACLE.

这里证明,在sec_case_sensitive_logon=true的情况下,数据库密码是大小写敏感

导入10g创建用户dmp文件

[oracle@localhost ~]$ impdp '"/ as sysdba"' directory=exp_dp dumpfile=CHF.DMP 

Import: Release 11.2.0.3.0 - Production on Wed May 15 23:07:20 2013

Copyright (c) 1982, 2011, Oracle and/or its affiliates.  All rights reserved.

Connected to: Oracle Database 11g Enterprise Edition Release 11.2.0.3.0 - 64bit Production
With the Partitioning, OLAP, Data Mining and Real Application Testing options
Master table "SYS"."SYS_IMPORT_FULL_01" successfully loaded/unloaded
Starting "SYS"."SYS_IMPORT_FULL_01":  "/******** AS SYSDBA" directory=exp_dp dumpfile=CHF.DMP 
Processing object type SCHEMA_EXPORT/USER
Processing object type SCHEMA_EXPORT/ROLE_GRANT
Processing object type SCHEMA_EXPORT/DEFAULT_ROLE
Processing object type SCHEMA_EXPORT/PRE_SCHEMA/PROCACT_SCHEMA
Job "SYS"."SYS_IMPORT_FULL_01" successfully completed at 23:07:21

查询ora10g和ora11g用户区别

SQL> conn ora10g/xifenfei
Connected.
SQL> conn ora10g/XIFENFEI
Connected.
SQL> conn / as sysdba
Connected.
SQL>  select t.username,t.account_status,t.password_versions from dba_users t where t.username in ('ORA11G','ORA10G');

USERNAME                       ACCOUNT_STATUS                   PASSWORD
------------------------------ -------------------------------- --------
ORA11G                         OPEN                             10G 11G
ORA10G                         OPEN                             10G

SQL> select name,password,spare4 from SYS.USER$ t where name in ('ORA11G','ORA10G');

NAME                           PASSWORD                       SPARE4
------------------------------ ------------------------------ ----------------------------------------------------------------
ORA10G                         F3CF2F0CB35CB6CA
ORA11G                         559D84354181EB8E               S:BFE2625310D9382E9AEA6EE0AA2988E82C17B3EA23E3DAC23800490C2621

这里可以发现我们从低版本(10g)导入到11g中的用户登录是不区分大小写,而11g本身创建的用户是区分大小写,而他们的区别仅仅是在dba_users.password_versions中有不一样,跟踪到基表发现就是USER$.SPARE4列不一样(10g的该列为空).
猜想:password_versions的优先级大于sec_case_sensitive_logon这个参数

验证猜想
如果是password_versions的优先级大于sec_case_sensitive_logon那么,如果我修改了USER$.SPARE4,使得dba_users.password_versions变成和10g导入的库一样,是否就可以实现不区分密码大小写的问题,如果不缺乏证明:password_versions的优先级大于sec_case_sensitive_logon这个参数,反之失败.

SQL> update SYS.USER$ t set SPARE4='' where name='ORA11G';

1 row updated.

SQL> COMMIT;

Commit complete.


SQL> alter system flush shared_pool;

System altered.

SQL> conn ora11g/XIFENFEI
Connected.
SQL> conn ora11g/xifenfei
Connected.

由此得出两个结论:
1.password_versions的优先级大于sec_case_sensitive_logon
2.通过修改USER$.SPARE4为空实现了屏蔽ORACLE 11g密码大小写敏感

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关于ORACLE 11G密码大小写敏感猜想(USER$.SPARE4)》有 2 条评论

  1. 惜分飞 说:

    11g在user$中存储密码在password不区分大小写,主要在spare4中错判断

    SQL> create user b_s identified by xifenfei;                    
    
    User created.
    
    SQL> select password,spare4 from user$ where name='B_S';
    
    PASSWORD                       SPARE4
    ------------------------------ ----------------------------------------------------------------------
    E76720343768E75A               S:78697227B49E702E405D08B0B4C0151FC1999808212AEDF1173EB7D46604
    
    SQL> drop user b_s;
    
    User dropped.
    
    SQL> create user b_s identified by XIFENFEI;
    
    User created.
    
    SQL> select password,spare4 from user$ where name='B_S';
    
    PASSWORD                       SPARE4
    ------------------------------ ----------------------------------------------------------------------
    E76720343768E75A               S:A5C5526CCEFFF6EA4FE19534C199146C4088CEDC9C9920B466ACE7FB1694
    

      [引用]  [回复]

  2. 惜分飞 说:

    dba_users.password_versions的定义为:DECODE (LENGTH (user$.password), 16, ’10G ‘, NULL) || NVL2 (user$.spare4, ’11G ‘, NULL),

      [引用]  [回复]

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