ORACLE 12C PDB部分功能测试

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标题:ORACLE 12C PDB部分功能测试

作者:惜分飞©版权所有[未经本人同意,不得以任何形式转载,否则有进一步追究法律责任的权利.]

ORACLE 12C中提出来CDB和PDB的概念,对于ORACLE的数据库来说,确实是一个新东西,他们可以分别理解为容器和插件(PDB插入在CDB中),CDB的管理和传统数据库区别不大,本篇文章对PDB的部分操作进行了简单说明(创建PDB,OPEN PDB,DROP PDB,Plug PDB,Unplugging PDB)
CREATE PDB

SQL> SELECT NAME,CDB FROM  V$DATABASE;

NAME      CDB
--------- ---
XIFENFEI  YES

SQL> select pdb_id,pdb_name,dbid,STATUS,CREATION_SCN  from dba_pdbs;

    PDB_ID PDB_NAME                             DBID STATUS        CREATION_SCN
---------- ------------------------------ ---------- ------------- ------------
         2 PDB$SEED                       4044122081 NORMAL             1661281
         3 FF                             1565322182 NORMAL             1720654


SQL> CREATE PLUGGABLE DATABASE xff_db ADMIN USER xff IDENTIFIED BY xifenfei
  2  STORAGE (MAXSIZE 2G MAX_SHARED_TEMP_SIZE 100M)
  3  DEFAULT TABLESPACE xifenfei
  4  DATAFILE '/u01/app/oracle/oradata/xifenfei/xff/xifenfei01.dbf' SIZE 25M AUTOEXTEND ON
  5  PATH_PREFIX = '/u01/app/oracle/oradata/xifenfei/xff/'
  6  FILE_NAME_CONVERT = ('/u01/app/oracle/oradata/xifenfei/pdbseed/', 
  7  '/u01/app/oracle/oradata/xifenfei/xff/');

Pluggable database created.

SQL> select pdb_id,pdb_name,dbid,STATUS,CREATION_SCN  from dba_pdbs;

    PDB_ID PDB_NAME                             DBID STATUS        CREATION_SCN
---------- ------------------------------ ---------- ------------- ------------
         2 PDB$SEED                       4044122081 NORMAL             1661281
         3 FF                             1565322182 NORMAL             1720654
         4 XFF_DB                         2272981748 NEW                1771028

OPEN PDB

SQL> alter pluggable database xff_db open;

Pluggable database altered.

SQL> select pdb_id,pdb_name,dbid,STATUS,CREATION_SCN  from dba_pdbs;

    PDB_ID PDB_NAME                             DBID STATUS        CREATION_SCN
---------- ------------------------------ ---------- ------------- ------------
         2 PDB$SEED                       4044122081 NORMAL             1661281
         3 FF                             1565322182 NORMAL             1720654
         4 XFF_DB                         2272981748 NORMAL             1771028

SQL>  alter pluggable database all close immediate;

Pluggable database altered.

SQL> select con_id,dbid,NAME,OPEN_MODE from v$pdbs;

    CON_ID       DBID NAME                           OPEN_MODE
---------- ---------- ------------------------------ ----------
         2 4044122081 PDB$SEED                       READ ONLY
         3 1565322182 FF                             MOUNTED
         4 2272981748 XFF_DB                         MOUNTED

SQL> alter pluggable database all open;

Pluggable database altered.

SQL> select con_id,dbid,NAME,OPEN_MODE from v$pdbs;

    CON_ID       DBID NAME                           OPEN_MODE
---------- ---------- ------------------------------ ----------
         2 4044122081 PDB$SEED                       READ ONLY
         3 1565322182 FF                             READ WRITE
         4 2272981748 XFF_DB                         READ WRITE

Unplugging a PDB from a CDB

SQL> alter pluggable database FF close immediate;

Pluggable database altered.

SQL> alter  pluggable database ff UNPLUG into '/tmp/ff.xml';

Pluggable database altered.

DROP PDB

SQL> DROP PLUGGABLE DATABASE xff_db INCLUDING DATAFILES;

Pluggable database dropped.

SQL> DROP PLUGGABLE DATABASE ff INCLUDING DATAFILES;

Pluggable database dropped.

Plug Unplugged PDB into CDB

SQL> SELECT NAME,CDB FROM  V$DATABASE;

NAME      CDB
--------- ---
XFF_L     YES

SQL> create pluggable database ff using '/tmp/ff.xml'
  2  copy file_name_convert=('/u01/app/oracle/oradata/xifenfei/FF/','/u01/app/oracle/oradata/xff_l/xff');

Pluggable database created.

SQL> exec DBMS_PDB.SYNC_PDB();

PL/SQL procedure successfully completed.

SQL> select con_id,dbid,NAME,OPEN_MODE from v$pdbs;

    CON_ID       DBID NAME                           OPEN_MODE
---------- ---------- ------------------------------ ----------
         2 4043918109 PDB$SEED                       READ ONLY
         3 2346805300 LX1                            MOUNTED
         4 2385557792 LX2                            MOUNTED
         5 1565384817 FF                             MOUNTED

SQL> alter pluggable database all open;

Pluggable database altered.

SQL> select con_id,dbid,NAME,OPEN_MODE from v$pdbs;

    CON_ID       DBID NAME                           OPEN_MODE
---------- ---------- ------------------------------ ----------
         2 4043918109 PDB$SEED                       READ ONLY
         3 2346805300 LX1                            READ WRITE
         4 2385557792 LX2                            READ WRITE
         5 1565384817 FF                             READ WRITE

SQL> select name from v$datafile;

NAME
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
/u01/app/oracle/oradata/xff_l/system01.dbf
/u01/app/oracle/oradata/xff_l/pdbseed/system01.dbf
/u01/app/oracle/oradata/xff_l/sysaux01.dbf
/u01/app/oracle/oradata/xff_l/pdbseed/sysaux01.dbf
/u01/app/oracle/oradata/xff_l/undotbs01.dbf
/u01/app/oracle/oradata/xff_l/users01.dbf
/u01/app/oracle/oradata/xff_l/LX1/system01.dbf
/u01/app/oracle/oradata/xff_l/LX1/sysaux01.dbf
/u01/app/oracle/oradata/xff_l/LX1/LX1_users01.dbf
/u01/app/oracle/oradata/xff_l/LX2/system01.dbf
/u01/app/oracle/oradata/xff_l/LX2/sysaux01.dbf
/u01/app/oracle/oradata/xff_l/LX2/LX2_users01.dbf
/u01/app/oracle/oradata/xff_l/xffsystem01.dbf
/u01/app/oracle/oradata/xff_l/xffsysaux01.dbf
/u01/app/oracle/oradata/xff_l/xffSAMPLE_SCHEMA_users01.dbf
/u01/app/oracle/oradata/xff_l/xffexample01.dbf

16 rows selected.

补充说明:本部分内容比较多,本篇blog,只是对其中的很小一部分进行了测试,确实证明可以对pdb实现在不同的cdb中实现迁移,对于该项操作,可以在dbca和gc中实现相同操作.由于12c数据库尚未正式发布,该部分功能只是出于个人测试目的.

此条目发表在 ORACLE 12C 分类目录,贴了 标签。将固定链接加入收藏夹。

ORACLE 12C PDB部分功能测试》有 1 条评论

  1. novmcgrady 说:

    在drop pluggable database的时候不能including datafiles,而需要keep datafiles,否则在plug database的时候会报错
    ERROR at line 1:
    ORA-19505: failed to identify file “/u01/app/oracle/oradata/orcl/pdb1/system01.dbf”
    ORA-27037: unable to obtain file status
    Linux-x86_64 Error: 2: No such file or directory
    Additional information: 3

      [引用]  [回复]

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