dcli完成多节点对等ssh配置

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标题:dcli完成多节点对等ssh配置

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dcli是Python脚本,可以实现在多节点中的之间非交换命令的执行,因为dcli执行需要通过ssh来实现,所以dcli也提供了ssh配置功能.本文通过dcli来完成多节点间的对等ssh配置
dcli整体描述

The dcli utility runs commands on multiple cells in parallel threads. 
However, it does not support an interactive session with a remote application on a cell.

To use the dcli utility, copy the utility from the bin directory on a cell to 
a host computer from which central management can be performed.
You can issue a command to be run on multiple cells, or use files that can be copied to cells and then run. 
The cells are referenced by their domain name or IP address.

The dcli utility requires Python version 2.3 or later. 
You can determine the version of Python by running the python -V command. 
In addition, use of this tool assumes prior setup of SSH user-equivalence to a cell. 
You can use the dcli utility initially with the -k option to set up SSH user-equivalence to a cell. 

dcli使用说明

[xifenfei@db1 ~]$ dcli
Error: No command specified.
usage: dcli [options] [command]

options:
  --version           show program's version number and exit
  -c CELLS            comma-separated list of cells
  -d DESTFILE         destination directory or file
  -f FILE             file to be copied
  -g GROUPFILE        file containing list of cells
  -h, --help          show help message and exit
  -k                  push ssh key to cell's authorized_keys file
  -l USERID           user to login as on remote cells (default: celladmin)
  -n                  abbreviate non-error output
  -r REGEXP           abbreviate output lines matching a regular expression
  -s SSHOPTIONS       string of options passed through to ssh
  --scp=SCPOPTIONS    string of options passed through to scp if different
                      from sshoptions
  -t                  list target cells
  -v                  print extra messages to stdout
  --vmstat=VMSTATOPS  vmstat command options
  -x EXECFILE         file to be copied and executed

服务器相关ip配置

[xifenfei@db1 ~]$ more xifenfei.txt 
192.168.30.10
192.168.30.20
192.168.30.30
[xifenfei@db1 ~]$ more /etc/hosts
127.0.0.1 localhost.localdomain localhost
192.168.30.30   db1 
192.168.30.10   cell1
192.168.30.20   cell2

操作系统用户
说明:dcli配置对等ssh不需要uid完全一样,不需要用户密码完全一样,因为是双向对等,需要用户名一致

[root@cell2 ~]# id xifenfei
uid=8001(xifenfei) gid=8001(xifenfei) groups=8001(xifenfei)
[root@cell1 ~]# id xifenfei
uid=8001(xifenfei) gid=8001(xifenfei) groups=8001(xifenfei)
[root@db1 ~]# id xifenfei
uid=8001(xifenfei) gid=8001(xifenfei) groups=8001(xifenfei)

db1节点配置ssh

[xifenfei@db1 ~]$ ssh-keygen -t dsa
Generating public/private dsa key pair.
Enter file in which to save the key (/home/xifenfei/.ssh/id_dsa): 
Created directory '/home/xifenfei/.ssh'.
Enter passphrase (empty for no passphrase): 
Enter same passphrase again: 
Your identification has been saved in /home/xifenfei/.ssh/id_dsa.
Your public key has been saved in /home/xifenfei/.ssh/id_dsa.pub.
The key fingerprint is:
63:95:13:ba:4a:4c:13:93:67:7f:4f:e8:18:13:3c:4f xifenfei@db1

[xifenfei@db1 ~]$ dcli -k -g xifenfei.txt -l xifenfei
The authenticity of host '192.168.30.10 (192.168.30.10)' can't be established.
RSA key fingerprint is 1b:b6:91:11:58:89:b1:6a:c6:eb:72:df:68:d4:dd:5b.
Are you sure you want to continue connecting (yes/no)? yes
xifenfei@192.168.30.10's password: 
The authenticity of host '192.168.30.20 (192.168.30.20)' can't be established.
RSA key fingerprint is 1b:b6:91:11:58:89:b1:6a:c6:eb:72:df:68:d4:dd:5b.
Are you sure you want to continue connecting (yes/no)? yes
xifenfei@192.168.30.20's password: 
The authenticity of host '192.168.30.30 (192.168.30.30)' can't be established.
RSA key fingerprint is 54:ea:84:ae:38:24:07:31:9f:dd:8a:8b:4b:c2:a8:fe.
Are you sure you want to continue connecting (yes/no)? yes
xifenfei@192.168.30.30's password: 
192.168.30.10: Warning: Permanently added '192.168.30.10' (RSA) to the list of known hosts.
192.168.30.10: ssh key added
192.168.30.20: Warning: Permanently added '192.168.30.20' (RSA) to the list of known hosts.
192.168.30.20: ssh key added
192.168.30.30: Warning: Permanently added '192.168.30.30' (RSA) to the list of known hosts.
192.168.30.30: ssh key added

[xifenfei@db1 ~]$ for host in `cat xifenfei.txt`
> do
> scp /home/xifenfei/.ssh/id_dsa.pub ${host}:/home/xifenfei/.ssh/authorized_keys
> done
id_dsa.pub                                                                      100%  602     0.6KB/s   00:00
id_dsa.pub                                                                      100%  602     0.6KB/s   00:00
id_dsa.pub                                                                      100%  602     0.6KB/s   00:00

[xifenfei@db1 ~]$ dcli -g xifenfei.txt -l xifenfei "chmod -R 700 /home/xifenfei/.ssh"

[xifenfei@db1 ~]$ dcli -g xifenfei.txt -l xifenfei "chown -R xifenfei /home/xifenfei/.ssh"
[xifenfei@db1 ~]$ ssh 192.168.30.30
Last login: Tue Dec 25 07:45:17 2012 from 192.168.30.30
[xifenfei@db1 ~]$ ssh 192.168.30.20
Last login: Tue Dec 25 19:17:30 2012 from 192.168.30.10
[xifenfei@db1 ~]$ ssh 192.168.30.10
Last login: Tue Dec 25 20:17:20 2012 from 192.168.30.20

--ssh为单向,正向可以ssh成功,逆向需要输入密码
[xifenfei@db1 ~]$ ssh 192.168.30.10
xifenfei@192.168.30.10's password: 

拷贝ip文件到其他节点

[xifenfei@db1 ~]$ for host in `cat xifenfei.txt`
> do
> scp /home/xifenfei/xifenfei.txt ${host}:/home/xifenfei/xifenfei.txt
> done
xifenfei.txt                                                                    100%   42     0.0KB/s   00:00
xifenfei.txt                                                                    100%   42     0.0KB/s   00:00
scp: /home/xifenfei/xifenfei.txt: Permission denied   --自身节点不能拷贝

cell1节点配置

[xifenfei@cell1 ~]$ ssh-keygen -t dsa
Generating public/private dsa key pair.
Enter file in which to save the key (/home/xifenfei/.ssh/id_dsa): 
Enter passphrase (empty for no passphrase): 
Enter same passphrase again: 
Your identification has been saved in /home/xifenfei/.ssh/id_dsa.
Your public key has been saved in /home/xifenfei/.ssh/id_dsa.pub.
The key fingerprint is:
f2:b6:88:5c:c6:97:5e:38:c2:df:f1:58:49:8a:8d:90 xifenfei@cell1
[xifenfei@cell1 ~]$  dcli -k -g xifenfei.txt -l xifenfei
The authenticity of host '192.168.30.10 (192.168.30.10)' can't be established.
RSA key fingerprint is 1b:b6:91:11:58:89:b1:6a:c6:eb:72:df:68:d4:dd:5b.
Are you sure you want to continue connecting (yes/no)? yes
xifenfei@192.168.30.10's password: 
xifenfei@192.168.30.20's password: 
xifenfei@192.168.30.30's password: 
192.168.30.10: Warning: Permanently added '192.168.30.10' (RSA) to the list of known hosts.
192.168.30.10: ssh key added
192.168.30.20: ssh key added
192.168.30.30: ssh key added
[xifenfei@cell1 ~]$ ssh 192.168.30.30
Last login: Tue Dec 25 07:48:24 2012 from 192.168.30.30

--cell1 to cell2 正向成功,逆向失败
[xifenfei@cell1 ~]$ ssh 192.168.30.20
Last login: Tue Dec 25 19:23:42 2012 from 192.168.30.30
[xifenfei@cell2 ~]$ ssh 192.168.30.10
xifenfei@192.168.30.10's password: 

--cell1和db1正逆向均可以ssh
[xifenfei@cell1 ~]$ ssh 192.168.30.30
Last login: Tue Dec 25 20:24:15 2012 from 192.168.30.30
[xifenfei@db1 ~]$ ssh 192.168.30.10
Last login: Tue Dec 25 20:27:27 2012 from 192.168.30.10

cell2节点配置

[xifenfei@cell2 ~]$ ssh-keygen -t dsa
Generating public/private dsa key pair.
Enter file in which to save the key (/home/xifenfei/.ssh/id_dsa): 
Enter passphrase (empty for no passphrase): 
Enter same passphrase again: 
Your identification has been saved in /home/xifenfei/.ssh/id_dsa.
Your public key has been saved in /home/xifenfei/.ssh/id_dsa.pub.
The key fingerprint is:
87:80:02:e1:27:b8:d0:af:c0:5f:e0:f3:5e:95:29:cb xifenfei@cell2
[xifenfei@cell2 ~]$ dcli -k -g xifenfei.txt -l xifenfei
The authenticity of host '192.168.30.10 (192.168.30.10)' can't be established.
RSA key fingerprint is 1b:b6:91:11:58:89:b1:6a:c6:eb:72:df:68:d4:dd:5b.
Are you sure you want to continue connecting (yes/no)? yes
xifenfei@192.168.30.10's password: 
The authenticity of host '192.168.30.20 (192.168.30.20)' can't be established.
RSA key fingerprint is 1b:b6:91:11:58:89:b1:6a:c6:eb:72:df:68:d4:dd:5b.
Are you sure you want to continue connecting (yes/no)? yes
xifenfei@192.168.30.20's password: 
The authenticity of host '192.168.30.30 (192.168.30.30)' can't be established.
RSA key fingerprint is 54:ea:84:ae:38:24:07:31:9f:dd:8a:8b:4b:c2:a8:fe.
Are you sure you want to continue connecting (yes/no)? yes
xifenfei@192.168.30.30's password: 
192.168.30.10: Warning: Permanently added '192.168.30.10' (RSA) to the list of known hosts.
192.168.30.10: ssh key added
192.168.30.20: Warning: Permanently added '192.168.30.20' (RSA) to the list of known hosts.
192.168.30.20: ssh key added
192.168.30.30: Warning: Permanently added '192.168.30.30' (RSA) to the list of known hosts.
192.168.30.30: ssh key added

--ssh测试
[xifenfei@cell2 ~]$ ssh 192.168.30.10
Last login: Tue Dec 25 20:11:02 2012 from 192.168.30.30
[xifenfei@cell2 ~]$ ssh 192.168.30.30
Last login: Tue Dec 25 07:53:27 2012 from cell1
[xifenfei@cell2 ~]$ ssh 192.168.30.20
Last login: Tue Dec 25 19:30:16 2012 from 192.168.30.10

ssh等效性测试汇总

--db1节点
[xifenfei@db1 ~]$ ssh 192.168.30.10
Last login: Tue Dec 25 20:30:24 2012 from 192.168.30.20
[xifenfei@db1 ~]$ ssh 192.168.30.20
Last login: Tue Dec 25 19:33:07 2012 from 192.168.30.20
[xifenfei@db1 ~]$ ssh 192.168.30.30
Last login: Tue Dec 25 07:57:56 2012 from cell2

--cell1节点
[xifenfei@cell1 ~]$ ssh 192.168.30.20
Last login: Tue Dec 25 19:34:05 2012 from 192.168.30.30
[xifenfei@cell1 ~]$ ssh 192.168.30.30
Last login: Tue Dec 25 07:59:29 2012 from 192.168.30.30
[xifenfei@cell1 ~]$ ssh 192.168.30.10
Last login: Tue Dec 25 20:33:59 2012 from 192.168.30.30

--cell2节点
[xifenfei@cell2 ~]$ ssh 192.168.30.10
Last login: Tue Dec 25 20:35:42 2012 from 192.168.30.10
[xifenfei@cell2 ~]$ ssh 192.168.30.30
Last login: Tue Dec 25 08:00:56 2012 from cell1
[xifenfei@cell2 ~]$ ssh 192.168.30.20
Last login: Tue Dec 25 19:35:31 2012 from 192.168.30.10

到此证明三个节点之间的xifenfei用户的ssh等效配置完成,实现使用dcli完成多节点ssh等效配置

整体处理思路总结

1.确定需要配置ssh用户
--第一节点
2.编辑需要配置ssh等效连接ip列表
3.ssh-keygen -t dsa
4.dcli -k -g xifenfei.txt -l xifenfei
5.
for host in `cat xifenfei.txt`
do
scp /home/xifenfei/.ssh/id_dsa.pub ${host}:/home/xifenfei/.ssh/authorized_keys
done
6.dcli -g xifenfei.txt -l xifenfei "chmod -R 700 /home/xifenfei/.ssh"
7.dcli -g xifenfei.txt -l xifenfei "chown -R xifenfei /home/xifenfei/.ssh"
8.
for host in `cat xifenfei.txt`
 do
 scp /home/xifenfei/xifenfei.txt ${host}:/home/xifenfei/xifenfei.txt
 done
--其他节点
9. ssh-keygen -t dsa
10. dcli -k -g xifenfei.txt -l xifenfei
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dcli完成多节点对等ssh配置》有 2 条评论

  1. 张祺 说:

    脚本如何获取??

      [引用]  [回复]

  2. chenweihua 说:

    DCLI脚本是否可以传我一份

      [引用]  [回复]

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