expdp遭遇ORA-39006/ORA-39213故障解决

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标题:expdp遭遇ORA-39006/ORA-39213故障解决

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expdp导出数据遇到ORA-39006/ORA-39213错误,通过执行执行dbms_metadata_util.load_stylesheets解决
expdp工作异常

--导出awr信息
SQL> @?/rdbms/admin/awrextr.sql
…………
Exception encountered in AWR_EXTRACT
ORA-39006: internal error
ORA-39213: Metadata processing is not available
begin
*
ERROR at line 1:
ORA-31623: a job is not attached to this session via the specified handle
ORA-06512: at "SYS.DBMS_SYS_ERROR", line 79
ORA-06512: at "SYS.DBMS_DATAPUMP", line 911
ORA-06512: at "SYS.DBMS_DATAPUMP", line 4710
ORA-06512: at "SYS.DBMS_SWRF_INTERNAL", line 656
ORA-06512: at "SYS.DBMS_SWRF_INTERNAL", line 962
ORA-06512: at line 3

--导出一个表
$ expdp "'/ as sysdba'" dumpfile=xifenfei.dmp tables=scott.t_xifenfei

Export: Release 10.2.0.1.0 - 64bit Production on Wednesday, 31 October, 2012 13:03:20

Copyright (c) 2003, 2005, Oracle.  All rights reserved.

Connected to: Oracle Database 10g Enterprise Edition Release 10.2.0.1.0 - 64bit Production
With the Partitioning, OLAP and Data Mining options
ORA-39006: internal error
ORA-39213: Metadata processing is not available

错误提示

$ oerr ora 39006
39006, 00000, "internal error"
// *Cause:  An unexpected error occurred while processing a Data Pump job.
//          Subsequent messages supplied by DBMS_DATAPUMP.GET_STATUS 
//          will further describe the error.
// *Action: Contact Oracle Customer Support.
$ oerr ora 39213
39213, 00000, "Metadata processing is not available"
// *Cause:  The Data Pump could not use the Metadata API.  Typically,
//          this is caused by the XSL stylesheets not being set up properly.
// *Action: Connect AS SYSDBA and execute dbms_metadata_util.load_stylesheets
//          to reload the stylesheets.

解决ORA-39006/ORA-39213问题

--查询数据库已经安装组件
SQL> col COMP_NAME for a35
SQL> select comp_name, version, status from dba_registry;

COMP_NAME                           VERSION                        STATUS
----------------------------------- ------------------------------ ----------------------
Oracle Database Catalog Views       10.2.0.1.0                     VALID
Oracle Database Packages and Types  10.2.0.1.0                     VALID
Oracle Workspace Manager            10.2.0.1.0                     VALID
JServer JAVA Virtual Machine        10.2.0.1.0                     VALID
Oracle XDK                          10.2.0.1.0                     VALID
Oracle Database Java Packages       10.2.0.1.0                     VALID
Oracle Expression Filter            10.2.0.1.0                     VALID
Oracle Data Mining                  10.2.0.1.0                     VALID
Oracle Text                         10.2.0.1.0                     VALID
Oracle XML Database                 10.2.0.1.0                     VALID
Oracle Rules Manager                10.2.0.1.0                     VALID
Oracle interMedia                   10.2.0.1.0                     VALID
OLAP Analytic Workspace             10.2.0.1.0                     VALID
Oracle OLAP API                     10.2.0.1.0                     VALID
OLAP Catalog                        10.2.0.1.0                     VALID
Spatial                             10.2.0.1.0                     VALID
Oracle Enterprise Manager           10.2.0.1.0                     VALID

17 rows selected.

--如果缺少下面组件,使用下面对应的程序安装
Oracle Database Catalog Views
Oracle Database Packages and Types 
JServer JAVA Virtual Machine
Oracle XDK    
Oracle Database Java Packages

--使用下面脚本安装(根据组件选择)
SQL> connect / as sysdba
SQL> @$ORACLE_HOME/javavm/install/initjvm.sql
 
SQL> connect / as sysdba
SQL> @$ORACLE_HOME/xdk/admin/initxml.sql
 
SQL> connect / as sysdba
SQL> @$ORACLE_HOME/rdbms/admin/catjava.sql
 
SQL> connect / as sysdba
SQL> @$ORACLE_HOME/rdbms/admin/utlrp.sql

--执行sys.dbms_metadata_util.load_stylesheets
SQL> execute sys.dbms_metadata_util.load_stylesheets;

PL/SQL procedure successfully completed.

测试expdp导出

$ expdp "'/ as sysdba'" dumpfile=xifenfei.dmp tables=scott.t_xifenfei  Directory=AWR_DIR

Export: Release 10.2.0.1.0 - 64bit Production on Wednesday, 31 October, 2012 14:18:04

Copyright (c) 2003, 2005, Oracle.  All rights reserved.

Connected to: Oracle Database 10g Enterprise Edition Release 10.2.0.1.0 - 64bit Production
With the Partitioning, OLAP and Data Mining options
Starting "SYS"."SYS_EXPORT_TABLE_01":  '/******** AS SYSDBA' dumpfile=xifenfei.dmp 
tables=scott.t_xifenfei Directory=AWR_DIR 
Estimate in progress using BLOCKS method...
Processing object type TABLE_EXPORT/TABLE/TABLE_DATA
Total estimation using BLOCKS method: 7 MB
Processing object type TABLE_EXPORT/TABLE/TABLE
. . exported "SCOTT"."T_XIFENFEI"                        5.374 MB   57376 rows
Master table "SYS"."SYS_EXPORT_TABLE_01" successfully loaded/unloaded
******************************************************************************
Dump file set for SYS.SYS_EXPORT_TABLE_01 is:
  /data/enmotech/xifenfei.dmp
Job "SYS"."SYS_EXPORT_TABLE_01" successfully completed at 14:18:11

测试证明,在不缺少相关组件的情况下,使用dbms_metadata_util.load_stylesheets可以解决expdp导出报ORA-39006/ORA-39213错误;如果缺少组件,需要先安装对应组件,然后再执行dbms_metadata_util.load_stylesheets解决该问题

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expdp遭遇ORA-39006/ORA-39213故障解决》有 3 条评论

  1. 惜分飞 说:

    惜分飞,

    SYS, ORDSYS, EXFSYS, MDSYS, DMSYS, CTXSYS, ORDPLUGINS, LBACSYS, XDB, SI_INFORMTN_SCHEMA, DIP, DBSNMP, and WMSYS用户数据不能被expdp导出来

      [引用]  [回复]

  2. 惜分飞 说:

    expdp不能导出sys中对象

    $ expdp "'/ as sysdba'" dumpfile=xifenfei.dmp tables=sys.t_xifenfei  Directory=AWR_DIR
    
    Export: Release 10.2.0.1.0 - 64bit Production on Wednesday, 31 October, 2012 14:16:18
    
    Copyright (c) 2003, 2005, Oracle.  All rights reserved.
    
    Connected to: Oracle Database 10g Enterprise Edition Release 10.2.0.1.0 - 64bit Production
    With the Partitioning, OLAP and Data Mining options
    Starting "SYS"."SYS_EXPORT_TABLE_01":  '/******** AS SYSDBA' dumpfile=xifenfei.dmp
    tables=sys.t_xifenfei Directory=AWR_DIR 
    Estimate in progress using BLOCKS method...
    Processing object type TABLE_EXPORT/TABLE/TABLE_DATA
    Total estimation using BLOCKS method: 0 KB
    ORA-39165: Schema SYS was not found.
    ORA-39166: Object T_XIFENFEI was not found.
    ORA-31655: no data or metadata objects selected for job
    Job "SYS"."SYS_EXPORT_TABLE_01" completed with 3 error(s) at 14:16:24
    

      [引用]  [回复]

  3. 惜分飞 说:

    Ora-39213 Using Data Pump Export

    Applies to: 
    Oracle Server - Enterprise Edition - Version: 10.2.0.1 to 10.2.0.1 - Release: 10.2 to 10.2
    Information in this document applies to any platform.
    
    Symptoms
     When running expdp the following errors are raised:
    
    ORA-39006: internal error
    ORA-39213: Metadata processing is not available
    
    This error was detected while executing the DataPump in any platform.
     
    Cause
     DataPump export uses DBMS_METADATA_UTIL package but this package does not successfully ran.  
    Executing sys.dbms_metadata_util.load_stylesheets procedure failed with following error:
    
     
    ORA-31609: error loading file "kualter.xsl" from file system directory "/rdbms/xml/xsl"
    ORA-06512: at "SYS.DBMS_METADATA_UTIL", line 1807
    ORA-06512: at line 1
    
    
    This package needs XML being installed and XML needs JAVA being installed.
    
    The select from view dba_registry shows neither Java nor XML were installed:
    
    
    SQL> SELECT comp_id, version, status FROM dba_registry;  
    
    COMP_ID                      VERSION                     STATUS
    ---------------------------  --------------------------- -----------
    CATALOG                      10.2.0.2.0                  VALID
    CATPROC                      10.2.0.2.0                  VALID
    
     
    Solution
     1. Install JVM and XML  executing the following scripts from sqlplus:
    
    
    SQL> connect / as sysdba
    SQL> @$ORACLE_HOME/javavm/install/initjvm.sql
     
    SQL> connect / as sysdba
    SQL> @$ORACLE_HOME/xdk/admin/initxml.sql
     
    SQL> connect / as sysdba
    SQL> @$ORACLE_HOME/rdbms/admin/catjava.sql
     
    SQL> connect / as sysdba
    SQL> @$ORACLE_HOME/rdbms/admin/utlrp.sql
     
    2. Check if the scripts successfully ran:
    
    select comp_name, version, status from dba_registry;
    
     COMP_NAME                          VERSION                     STATUS
    ---------------------------------- --------------------------- -------
    Oracle Database Catalog Views      10.2.0.2.0                  VALID
    Oracle Database Packages and Types 10.2.0.2.0                  VALID
    JServer JAVA Virtual Machine       10.2.0.2.0                  VALID
    Oracle XDK                         10.2.0.2.0                  VALID
    Oracle Database Java Packages      10.2.0.2.0                  VALID
    
    3. Run again sys.dbms_metadata_util.load_stylesheets from sqlplus:
    
    connect / as sysdba
    execute sys.dbms_metadata_util.load_stylesheets;
    

      [引用]  [回复]

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