Systemstates分析会话阻塞—锁表

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标题:Systemstates分析会话阻塞—锁表

作者:惜分飞©版权所有[未经本人同意,不得以任何形式转载,否则有进一步追究法律责任的权利.]

模拟会话被阻塞

--会话1
SQL> select sid from v$mystat where rownum=1;

       SID
----------
        15

SQL> create table t_xifenfei (id number,name varchar2(20));

Table created.

SQL> insert into t_xifenfei values(1,'xifenfei');

1 row created.

SQL> insert into t_xifenfei values(2,'www.xifenfei');

1 row created.

SQL> commit;

Commit complete.

SQL> select * from t_xifenfei;

        ID NAME
---------- ----------------------------------------
         1 xifenfei
         2 www.xifenfei

SQL> delete from t_xifenfei where id=1;

1 row deleted.

--会话2
SQL>  select sid from v$mystat where rownum=1;

       SID
----------
       143

SQL> delete from chf.t_xifenfei where id=1;
--hang住

新打开会话做Systemstates
我们假设不知道会话1和会话2的sid,现在特定的使用Systemstates分析问题,后面给出简单分析方法

SQL> oradebug setmypid
Statement processed.
SQL> oradebug unlimit
Statement processed.
SQL> oradebug dump systemstate 10
Statement processed.
SQL> oradebug dump systemstate 10
Statement processed.
SQL> oradebug tracefile_name
/u01/oracle/diag/rdbms/ora11g/ora11g/trace/ora11g_ora_31027.trc
SQL> exit

阅读trace文件
会话2在这样的情况下hang住,而其他会话正常,第一反应是在lock级别阻塞了,而这个又是DML操作,很自然想到是TX,于是在trace文件中搜索”enq: TX” ,找到对应记录,然后向上找到对应的进程号,开始读相关内容,发现有小信息如下:

PROCESS 20: 
  ----------------------------------------
--客户端信息
    client details:
      O/S info: user: oracle, term: pts/0, ospid: 30622
      machine: xifenfei program: sqlplus@xifenfei (TNS V1-V3)
      application name: SQL*Plus, hash value=3669949024

--进程相关session信息
    (session) sid: 15 ser: 151 trans: 0x343a4c2c, creator: 0x35fe2218
              flags: (0x45) USR/- flags_idl: (0x0) -/-/-/-/-/-
              flags2: (0x40009) -/-/INC
              DID: , short-term DID: 
              txn branch: (nil)
              oct: 0, prv: 0, sql: (nil), psql: 0x2f6e7b68, user: 84/CHF

--被阻塞会话信息
    There are 1 sessions blocked by this session.
    Dumping one waiter:
      inst: 1, sid: 143, ser: 229
      wait event: 'enq: TX - row lock contention'
        p1: 'name|mode'=0x54580006
        p2: 'usn<<16 | slot'=0x40005
        p3: 'sequence'=0x252
      row_wait_obj#: 75928, block#: 171, row#: 0, file# 4
      min_blocked_time: 296 secs, waiter_cache_ver: 7860
    Wait State:
      fixed_waits=0 flags=0x22 boundary=(nil)/-1

--54580006 is split into ASCII 54 + ASCII 58 (TX) + Mode 0006 (X) ...

SQL> select object_type,object_name,owner from dba_objects where object_id=75928;  

OBJECT_TYP OBJECT_NAME          OWNER
---------- -------------------- ----------
TABLE      T_XIFENFEI           CHF

--持有锁的信息
      (enqueue) TX-00040005-00000252	DID: 0001-0014-0000009C
      lv: 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00  res_flag: 0x6
      mode: X, lock_flag: 0x0, lock: 0x343a4c6c, res: 0x353606a8
      own: 0x355ae5b8, sess: 0x355ae5b8, proc: 0x35fe2218, prv: 0x353606b0
--通过上述信息可以分析出结论:
sqlplus登录的sid=15的会话占用了TX mode=6(mode:x)的锁,阻塞了sid=143会话对chf.t_xifenfei表操作

找出被阻塞进程相关信息(sid 为143的进程),搜索”sid: 143″,阅读相关进程信息

PROCESS 21: 
  ----------------------------------------
--相关session信息
 (session) sid: 143 ser: 229 trans: 0x343915a0, creator: 0x35fe2d3c
              flags: (0x41) USR/- flags_idl: (0x1) BSY/-/-/-/-/-
              flags2: (0x40009) -/-/INC
              DID: , short-term DID: 
              txn branch: (nil)
              oct: 7, prv: 0, sql: 0x2f6cb234, psql: 0x2f6dd5cc, user: 0/SYS

--当前等待信息
 Current Wait Stack:
     0: waiting for 'enq: TX - row lock contention'
        name|mode=0x54580006, usn<<16 | slot=0x40005, sequence=0x252
        wait_id=12 seq_num=13 snap_id=1
        wait times: snap=5 min 1 sec, exc=5 min 1 sec, total=5 min 1 sec
        wait times: max=infinite, heur=5 min 1 sec
        wait counts: calls=101 os=101
        in_wait=1 iflags=0x15a0

--阻塞该会话的session信息
    There is at least one session blocking this session.
      Dumping 1 direct blocker(s):
        inst: 1, sid: 15, ser: 151
      Dumping final blocker:
        inst: 1, sid: 15, ser: 151
    Wait State:
      fixed_waits=0 flags=0x22 boundary=(nil)/-1

--请求锁信息
      SO: 0x352f8fcc, type: 8, owner: 0x35765fe8, flag: INIT/-/-/0x00 if: 0x1 c: 0x1
       proc=0x35fe2d3c, name=enqueue, file=ksq1.h LINE:380, pg=0
      (enqueue) TX-00040005-00000252	DID: 0001-0015-0000003B
      lv: 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00  res_flag: 0x6
      req: X, lock_flag: 0x10, lock: 0x352f8ff8, res: 0x353606a8
      own: 0x356f49b8, sess: 0x356f49b8, proc: 0x35fe2d3c, prv: 0x353606b8
--通过对被阻塞对象分析,可以得出和阻塞者相同的信息

对该问题的常规分析思路

--查询等待事件
SQL> select event,p1,p2,p3 from v$session where wait_class#<>6;

EVENT                                  P1         P2         P3
------------------------------ ---------- ---------- ----------
SQL*Net message to client      1650815232          1          0
enq: TX - row lock contention  1415053318     262149        594

--查询锁信息(因为通过上面的等待事件分析,TX可能引起会话hang)
SQL> SELECT * FROM v$lock where type in ('TM','TX');

ADDR     KADDR           SID TYPE        ID1        ID2      LMODE    REQUEST      CTIME      BLOCK
-------- -------- ---------- ---- ---------- ---------- ---------- ---------- ---------- ----------
352F8FCC 352F8FF8        143 TX       262149        594          0          6       4181          0
B69CC7A8 B69CC7D8        143 TM        75928          0          3          0       4181          0
B69CC7A8 B69CC7D8         15 TM        75928          0          3          0       4266          0
343A4C2C 343A4C6C         15 TX       262149        594          6          0       4267          1

--通过TM查询出来对应对象
SQL>  select object_type,object_name,owner from dba_objects where object_id=75928; 

OBJECT_TYP OBJECT_NAME          OWNER
---------- -------------------- ----------
TABLE      T_XIFENFEI           CHF

--通过观察v$lock查询结果可以知道:
15会话的TX MODE=6的锁阻塞了143会话想会的的TX MODE=6的锁,从而是的143会话hang住

Systemstates分析参考文档:Understanding and Reading Systemstates或者[ID 423153.1]

此条目发表在 Oracle性能优化 分类目录。将固定链接加入收藏夹。

Systemstates分析会话阻塞—锁表》有 1 条评论

  1. 惜分飞 说:

    processstat 进程

    SQL> oradebug SETOSPID 14117 --需要处理进程
    SQL> oradebug dump processstate 10
    SQL> oradebug tracefile_name
    SQL> exit
    

      [引用]  [回复]

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