IP=FIRST作用说明

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标题:IP=FIRST作用说明

作者:惜分飞©版权所有[未经本人同意,不得以任何形式转载,否则有进一步追究法律责任的权利.]

我相信细心的朋友,估计都会发现我们在使用netca创建rac(10g/11g)的监听的时候,会发现 IP=FIRST,如下面展示

LISTENER_VENUS =
  (DESCRIPTION_LIST =
    (DESCRIPTION =
      (ADDRESS_LIST =
        (ADDRESS = (PROTOCOL = TCP)(HOST = racnode1-vip)(PORT = 1521)(IP = FIRST))
        (ADDRESS = (PROTOCOL = TCP)(HOST = racnode1)(PORT = 1521)(IP = FIRST))
      )
    )
  )

那么 IP=FIRST表示什么含义呢?我通过下面的试验证明

1. 主机相关配置

[oracle@localhost ~]$ hostname 
localhost.localdomain
[oracle@localhost ~]$ more /etc/hosts
127.0.0.1               localhost.localdomain localhost
[oracle@localhost ~]$ /sbin/ifconfig
eth0      Link encap:Ethernet  HWaddr 00:15:17:67:9C:39  
          inet addr:192.168.8.121  Bcast:192.168.15.255  Mask:255.255.248.0
          inet6 addr: fe80::215:17ff:fe67:9c39/64 Scope:Link
          UP BROADCAST RUNNING MULTICAST  MTU:1500  Metric:1
          RX packets:378351781 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 frame:0
          TX packets:357773718 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 carrier:0
          collisions:0 txqueuelen:100 
          RX bytes:65412948319 (60.9 GiB)  TX bytes:92608894986 (86.2 GiB)
          Base address:0x1100 Memory:88020000-88040000 

eth0:0    Link encap:Ethernet  HWaddr 00:15:17:67:9C:39  
          inet addr:202.91.244.3  Bcast:202.91.247.255  Mask:255.255.248.0
          UP BROADCAST RUNNING MULTICAST  MTU:1500  Metric:1
          Base address:0x1100 Memory:88020000-88040000 

lo        Link encap:Local Loopback  
          inet addr:127.0.0.1  Mask:255.0.0.0
          inet6 addr: ::1/128 Scope:Host
          UP LOOPBACK RUNNING  MTU:16436  Metric:1
          RX packets:40636368 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 frame:0
          TX packets:40636368 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 carrier:0
          collisions:0 txqueuelen:0 
          RX bytes:3385490475 (3.1 GiB)  TX bytes:3385490475 (3.1 GiB)

2. 当前监听配置

SID_LIST_LISTENER =
  (SID_LIST =
      (SID_DESC =
      (SID_NAME = mcrm)
      (ORACLE_HOME = /opt/oracle/product/10.2.0/db_1)
      (GLOBAL_DBNAME =mcrm)
    )

  )

LISTENER =
  (DESCRIPTION_LIST =
    (DESCRIPTION =
      (ADDRESS = (PROTOCOL = TCP)(HOST = localhost.localdomain)(PORT = 1521)  ) 
)
  )

3. 监听状态

 [oracle@localhost ~]$ lsnrctl status

LSNRCTL for Linux: Version 10.2.0.4.0 - Production on 20-MAR-2012 00:17:04

Copyright (c) 1991, 2007, Oracle.  All rights reserved.

Connecting to (DESCRIPTION=(ADDRESS=(PROTOCOL=TCP)(HOST=localhost.localdomain)(PORT=1521)))
STATUS of the LISTENER
------------------------
Alias                     LISTENER
Version                   TNSLSNR for Linux: Version 10.2.0.4.0 - Production
Start Date                03-MAR-2012 23:56:18
Uptime                    16 days 0 hr. 20 min. 45 sec
Trace Level               off
Security                  ON: Local OS Authentication
SNMP                      OFF
Listener Parameter File   /opt/oracle/product/10.2.0/db_1/network/admin/listener.ora
Listener Log File         /opt/oracle/product/10.2.0/db_1/network/log/listener.log
Listening Endpoints Summary...
  (DESCRIPTION=(ADDRESS=(PROTOCOL=tcp)(HOST=localhost.localdomain)(PORT=1521)))
Services Summary...
Service "mcrm" has 2 instance(s).
  Instance "mcrm", status UNKNOWN, has 1 handler(s) for this service...
  Instance "mcrm", status READY, has 1 handler(s) for this service...
Service "mcrmXDB" has 1 instance(s).
  Instance "mcrm", status READY, has 1 handler(s) for this service...
Service "mcrm_XPT" has 1 instance(s).
  Instance "mcrm", status READY, has 1 handler(s) for this service...
The command completed successfully

这里可以看出来监听的还是(DESCRIPTION=(ADDRESS=(PROTOCOL=tcp)(HOST=localhost.localdomain)(PORT=1521))),也就是说监听的是主机名

4. 当前监听IP和端口

[oracle@localhost ~]$ netstat -an |grep 1521|grep LISTEN
tcp        0      0 0.0.0.0:1521                0.0.0.0:*                   LISTEN

这里看出来,监听所有网卡

5. 修改监听文件

SID_LIST_LISTENER =
  (SID_LIST =
      (SID_DESC =
      (SID_NAME = mcrm)
      (ORACLE_HOME = /opt/oracle/product/10.2.0/db_1)
      (GLOBAL_DBNAME =mcrm)
    )

  )

LISTENER =
  (DESCRIPTION_LIST =
    (DESCRIPTION =
      (ADDRESS = (PROTOCOL = TCP)(HOST = localhost.localdomain)(PORT = 1521) (IP=FIRST) ) 
)
  )

6. 重启监听

[oracle@localhost ~]$ lsnrctl stop

LSNRCTL for Linux: Version 10.2.0.4.0 - Production on 20-MAR-2012 00:18:42

Copyright (c) 1991, 2007, Oracle.  All rights reserved.

Connecting to (DESCRIPTION=(ADDRESS=(PROTOCOL=TCP)(HOST=localhost.localdomain)(PORT=1521)(IP=FIRST)))
The command completed successfully
[oracle@localhost ~]$ lsnrctl start

LSNRCTL for Linux: Version 10.2.0.4.0 - Production on 20-MAR-2012 00:18:47

Copyright (c) 1991, 2007, Oracle.  All rights reserved.

Starting /opt/oracle/product/10.2.0/db_1/bin/tnslsnr: please wait...

TNSLSNR for Linux: Version 10.2.0.4.0 - Production
System parameter file is /opt/oracle/product/10.2.0/db_1/network/admin/listener.ora
Log messages written to /opt/oracle/product/10.2.0/db_1/network/log/listener.log
Listening on: (DESCRIPTION=(ADDRESS=(PROTOCOL=tcp)(HOST=127.0.0.1)(PORT=1521)))

Connecting to (DESCRIPTION=(ADDRESS=(PROTOCOL=TCP)(HOST=localhost.localdomain)(PORT=1521)(IP=FIRST)))
STATUS of the LISTENER
------------------------
Alias                     LISTENER
Version                   TNSLSNR for Linux: Version 10.2.0.4.0 - Production
Start Date                20-MAR-2012 00:18:48
Uptime                    0 days 0 hr. 0 min. 0 sec
Trace Level               off
Security                  ON: Local OS Authentication
SNMP                      OFF
Listener Parameter File   /opt/oracle/product/10.2.0/db_1/network/admin/listener.ora
Listener Log File         /opt/oracle/product/10.2.0/db_1/network/log/listener.log
Listening Endpoints Summary...
  (DESCRIPTION=(ADDRESS=(PROTOCOL=tcp)(HOST=127.0.0.1)(PORT=1521)))
Services Summary...
Service "PLSExtProc" has 1 instance(s).
  Instance "PLSExtProc", status UNKNOWN, has 1 handler(s) for this service...
Service "mcrm" has 1 instance(s).
  Instance "mcrm", status UNKNOWN, has 1 handler(s) for this service...
The command completed successfully

通过(DESCRIPTION=(ADDRESS=(PROTOCOL=tcp)(HOST=127.0.0.1)(PORT=1521))),已经发现,这里只监听127.0.0.1

7. 查看监听IP和端口

[oracle@localhost ~]$ netstat -an |grep 1521|grep LISTEN
tcp        0      0 127.0.0.1:1521              0.0.0.0:*                   LISTEN  

这里进一步验证监听的ip地址已经只有了127.0.0.1而没有了其他网卡的地址

总结说明
通过这里的试验证明IP = FIRST的作用使得当我们使用主机名为监听中的host配置的时候,它只会监听hostname解析出来的ip地址,而不是默认情况下所有网卡地址。

此条目发表在 Oracle 监听 分类目录。将固定链接加入收藏夹。

IP=FIRST作用说明》有 1 条评论

  1. 惜分飞 说:

    部分知识点说明见:
    How The Listener Binds On TCP Protocol Addresses [ID 421305.1]
    What is IP=FIRST in the LISTENER.ORA file ? [ID 300729.1]

      [引用]  [回复]

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