Liunx系统中Oracle使用HugePages配置

联系:手机(+86 13429648788) QQ(107644445)QQ咨询惜分飞

标题:Liunx系统中Oracle使用HugePages配置

作者:惜分飞©版权所有[未经本人同意,不得以任何形式转载,否则有进一步追究法律责任的权利.]

一.系统当前状态

[root@node1 ora11g]#  cat /proc/meminfo | grep -i hugepages 
HugePages_Total:     0
HugePages_Free:      0
HugePages_Rsvd:      0
Hugepagesize:     2048 kB
[root@node1 ora11g]# uname -sr
Linux 2.6.18-238.19.1.el5
cat /proc/meminfo|grep PageT
PageTables:      44748 kB

二.计算nr_hugepages值

#!/bin/bash
#
# hugepages_settings.sh
#
# Linux bash script to compute values for the
# recommended HugePages/HugeTLB configuration
#
# Note: This script does calculation for all shared memory
# segments available when the script is run, no matter it
# is an Oracle RDBMS shared memory segment or not.
#
# This script is provided by Doc ID 401749.1 from My Oracle Support 
# http://support.oracle.com

# Welcome text
echo "
This script is provided by Doc ID 401749.1 from My Oracle Support 
(http://support.oracle.com) where it is intended to compute values for 
the recommended HugePages/HugeTLB configuration for the current shared 
memory segments. Before proceeding with the execution please make sure 
that:
 * Oracle Database instance(s) are up and running
 * Oracle Database 11g Automatic Memory Management (AMM) is not setup 
   (See Doc ID 749851.1)
 * The shared memory segments can be listed by command:
     # ipcs -m

Press Enter to proceed..."

read

# Check for the kernel version
KERN=`uname -r | awk -F. '{ printf("%d.%d\n",$1,$2); }'`

# Find out the HugePage size
HPG_SZ=`grep Hugepagesize /proc/meminfo | awk '{print $2}'`

# Initialize the counter
NUM_PG=0

# Cumulative number of pages required to handle the running shared memory segments
for SEG_BYTES in `ipcs -m | awk '{print $5}' | grep "[0-9][0-9]*"`
do
   MIN_PG=`echo "$SEG_BYTES/($HPG_SZ*1024)" | bc -q`
   if [ $MIN_PG -gt 0 ]; then
      NUM_PG=`echo "$NUM_PG+$MIN_PG+1" | bc -q`
   fi
done

RES_BYTES=`echo "$NUM_PG * $HPG_SZ * 1024" | bc -q`

# An SGA less than 100MB does not make sense
# Bail out if that is the case
if [ $RES_BYTES -lt 100000000 ]; then
   echo "***********"
   echo "** ERROR **"
   echo "***********"
   echo "Sorry! There are not enough total of shared memory segments allocated for 
HugePages configuration. HugePages can only be used for shared memory segments 
that you can list by command:

   # ipcs -m

of a size that can match an Oracle Database SGA. Please make sure that:
 * Oracle Database instance is up and running 
 * Oracle Database 11g Automatic Memory Management (AMM) is not configured"
   exit 1
fi

# Finish with results
case $KERN in
   '2.4') HUGETLB_POOL=`echo "$NUM_PG*$HPG_SZ/1024" | bc -q`;
          echo "Recommended setting: vm.hugetlb_pool = $HUGETLB_POOL" ;;
   '2.6') echo "Recommended setting: vm.nr_hugepages = $NUM_PG" ;;
    *) echo "Unrecognized kernel version $KERN. Exiting." ;;
esac

# End

1.Configuring the Script

Create a text file named hugepages_settings.sh
Copy the contents below in the file
Run 
	$ chmod +x hugepages_settings.sh

2.Running the Script

Be sure that all applications that are meant to use HugePage / HugeTLB are running at the time the script is to be run. 
This includes the Oracle RDBMS instances and ASM instances in addition to other applications.
Be sure that you have /bin and /usr/bin in $PATH
Run
	$ ./hugepages_settings.sh

三.修改系统配置

1./etc/sysctl.conf
vm.nr_hugepages = 770

2./etc/security/limits.conf
oracle soft memlock 102400
oracle hard memlock 102400

计算公式为:>=HugePages_Total*Hugepagesize

四.重启系统检查配置是否生效

[root@node1 ~]# cat /proc/meminfo | grep -i hugepages 
HugePages_Total:   770
HugePages_Free:    770
HugePages_Rsvd:      0
Hugepagesize:     2048 kB

五.启动数据库并验证

[oracle@node1 ~]$ sqlplus / as sysdba

SQL*Plus: Release 10.2.0.5.0 - Production on Wed Jan 4 16:06:48 2012

Copyright (c) 1982, 2010, Oracle.  All Rights Reserved.

Connected to an idle instance.

SQL> startup
ORACLE instance started.

Total System Global Area 1610612736 bytes
Fixed Size                  2096632 bytes
Variable Size             486539784 bytes
Database Buffers         1107296256 bytes
Redo Buffers               14680064 bytes
Database mounted.
Database opened.
SQL> exit

[oracle@node1 ~]$ grep Huge /proc/meminfo 
HugePages_Total:   770
HugePages_Free:    591
HugePages_Rsvd:    590
Hugepagesize:     2048 kB
[oracle@node1 ~]$ cat /proc/meminfo|grep PageT
PageTables:      13216 kB

HugePages_Free<>HugePages_Total,PageTables变小
证明HugePages配置成功

六.补充说明
1.在数据库内存服务器内存比较大的时候,可以考虑使用该功能,提高系统性能
2.对于Oracl 11g,如果需要使用此功能,需要关闭AMM功能(需要衡量)

此条目发表在 Oracle 分类目录。将固定链接加入收藏夹。

Liunx系统中Oracle使用HugePages配置》有 3 条评论

  1. 惜分飞 说:

    从Linux kernel release 2.6开始,在11.2.0.2 之及其以后版本,如果要使用大页,并且确保完全使用大页,强烈建议设置use_large_pages=only。
    use_large_pages=only
    Setting this parameter will ensure that an instance will start only when it can get all of its memory for SGA from HugePages

    use_large_pages=true
    This setting still ensures that HugePages are used when available

      [引用]  [回复]

  2. 惜 分飞 说:

    Kamus,

    应该是>=HugePages_Total*Hugepagesize
    谢谢细心指出

      [引用]  [回复]

  3. Kamus 说:

    关于memlock的值:计算公式为:>=HugePages_Total×1024
    不知道是从哪里看到的这个公式。
    memlock因为不会对系统产生开销,通常建议是设置略小于系统物理内存大小即可。
    当然也可以精确计算,那么就是略大于所有数据库实例需要的SGA总和。

    可以参考:HugePages on Oracle Linux 64-bit [ID 361468.1]

      [引用]  [回复]

发表评论

电子邮件地址不会被公开。 必填项已用 * 标注

您可以使用这些 HTML 标签和属性: <a href="" title=""> <abbr title=""> <acronym title=""> <b> <blockquote cite=""> <cite> <code> <del datetime=""> <em> <i> <q cite=""> <strike> <strong>