记录一次oer 8102.2处理

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标题:记录一次oer 8102.2处理

作者:惜分飞©版权所有[未经本人同意,不得以任何形式转载,否则有进一步追究法律责任的权利.]

1.alert日志

Tue Dec 20 22:09:45 2011
Errors in file /opt/app/oracle/admin/BAS/bdump/bas_m000_27442.trc:
Wed Dec 21 22:10:45 2011
Errors in file /opt/app/oracle/admin/BAS/bdump/bas_m000_32761.trc:
Thu Dec 22 22:11:46 2011
Errors in file /opt/app/oracle/admin/BAS/bdump/bas_m000_5935.trc:
Fri Dec 23 22:12:47 2011
Errors in file /opt/app/oracle/admin/BAS/bdump/bas_m000_11382.trc:

Mnnn performs manageability tasks dispatched to them by MMON. Tasks performed include taking Automatic Workload Repository snapshots and Automatic Database Diagnostic Monitor analysis.
从这个时间点来看,应该是数据库启动GATHER_STATS_JOB收集统计信息时发现这个错误。

2.bas_m000_11382.trc

Oracle Database 10g Enterprise Edition Release 10.2.0.1.0 - 64bit Production
With the Partitioning, OLAP and Data Mining options
ORACLE_HOME = /opt/app/oracle/product/10.2.0/db_1
System name:    Linux
Node name:      bas
Release:        2.6.9-78.ELsmp
Version:        #1 SMP Wed Jul 9 15:46:26 EDT 2008
Machine:        x86_64
Instance name: BAS
Redo thread mounted by this instance: 1
Oracle process number: 24
Unix process pid: 11382, image: oracle@bas (m000)

*** ACTION NAME:(Auto-Purge Slave Action) 2011-12-23 22:12:47.074
*** MODULE NAME:(MMON_SLAVE) 2011-12-23 22:12:47.074
*** SERVICE NAME:(SYS$BACKGROUND) 2011-12-23 22:12:47.074
*** SESSION ID:(5465.2033) 2011-12-23 22:12:47.074
oer 8102.2 - obj# 4152, rdba: 0x00401f7c(afn 1, blk# 8060)
kdk key 8102.2:
  ncol: 2, len: 10
  key: (10):  02 c1 0a 06 00 c0 04 dc 00 00
  mask: (4096): 
 09 00 00 00 00 fb d1 c0 00 00 00 00 00 70 f8 fe bf 7f 00 00 00 cd 7d 5d 01
oer 8102.<code> - obj# <object id>, rdba: <rdba value>(afn <file#>, blk# <block#>)
kdk key 8102.2:
ncol: <number of columns in the key including the rowid>, len: <key length>
key: (<length>):<hexadecimal value>

obj#:   object_id for the affected index in dba_objects.
rdba:   relative data block address where the key is supposed to be stored in the index.
afn:     absolute file number where the affected index block is stored. 
(file_id in dba_data_files, file# in v$datafile).
blk#:   Index block number where the key is supposed to be stored.

出现oer 8102.2的错误,有两种可能:1.坏块,2.表和索引数据不一致

3.找出相关对象

SQL> col object_name for a30
SQL> col owner for a10
SQL> select object_name,owner,object_type
  2  from dba_objects where object_id=4152;

OBJECT_NAME                    OWNER      OBJECT_TYPE
------------------------------ ---------- -------------------
WRI$_SEGADV_OBJLIST_IDX_TS     SYS        INDEX

SQL> select OWNER,TABLE_NAME from dba_indexes 
   2 where index_name='WRI$_SEGADV_OBJLIST_IDX_TS';

OWNER      TABLE_NAME
---------- ------------------------------
SYS        WRI$_SEGADV_OBJLIST

SQL> ANALYZE TABLE sys.WRI$_SEGADV_OBJLIST VALIDATE STRUCTURE CASCADE;
ANALYZE TABLE sys.WRI$_SEGADV_OBJLIST VALIDATE STRUCTURE CASCADE
*
ERROR at line 1:
ORA-01499: table/index cross reference failure - see trace file

4.分析坏块(逻辑/物理)

SQL> ANALYZE INDEX WRI$_SEGADV_OBJLIST_IDX_TS VALIDATE STRUCTURE;

Index analyzed.

SQL> ANALYZE TABLE WRI$_SEGADV_OBJLIST VALIDATE STRUCTURE;

Table analyzed.

[oracle@bas bdump]$ dbv file=/opt/app/oracle/oradata/BAS/system01.dbf

DBVERIFY: Release 10.2.0.1.0 - Production on Sat Dec 24 21:14:38 2011

Copyright (c) 1982, 2005, Oracle.  All rights reserved.

DBVERIFY - Verification starting : FILE = /opt/app/oracle/oradata/BAS/system01.dbf


DBVERIFY - Verification complete

Total Pages Examined         : 552960
Total Pages Processed (Data) : 360156
Total Pages Failing   (Data) : 0
Total Pages Processed (Index): 167596
Total Pages Failing   (Index): 0
Total Pages Processed (Other): 1961
Total Pages Processed (Seg)  : 0
Total Pages Failing   (Seg)  : 0
Total Pages Empty            : 23247
Total Pages Marked Corrupt   : 0
Total Pages Influx           : 0
Highest block SCN            : 2890198330 (2750.2890198330)

检测证明,对象以及对象所属的数据文件,无坏块现象

5.分析表和index不一致

--找出index对应列
SQL> SELECT table_name , column_name from dba_ind_columns  
  2  WHERE index_name='WRI$_SEGADV_OBJLIST_IDX_TS' order by table_name; 

TABLE_NAME                     COLUMN_NAME
------------------------------ --------------------
WRI$_SEGADV_OBJLIST            TS_ID

--确定对应列是否允许为null
SQL> desc WRI$_SEGADV_OBJLIST
 Name                                      Null?    Type
 ----------------------------------------- -------- ----------------------------
 AUTO_TASKID                                        NUMBER
 TS_ID                                              NUMBER
 OBJN                                               NUMBER
 OBJD                                               NUMBER
 STATUS                                             VARCHAR2(40)
 TASK_ID                                            NUMBER
 REASON                                             VARCHAR2(40)
 REASON_VALUE                                       NUMBER
 CREATION_TIME                                      TIMESTAMP(6)
 PROC_TASKID                                        NUMBER
 END_TIME                                           TIMESTAMP(6)
 SEGMENT_OWNER                                      VARCHAR2(30)
 SEGMENT_NAME                                       VARCHAR2(81)
 PARTITION_NAME                                     VARCHAR2(30)
 SEGMENT_TYPE                                       VARCHAR2(18)
 TABLESPACE_NAME                                    VARCHAR2(30)

--确认在表中对应列是否有空值
SQL> SELECT /*+ FULL(t1) */ count(TS_ID)
  2   FROM WRI$_SEGADV_OBJLIST t1 
  3    WHERE t1.TS_ID IS NULL;

COUNT(TS_ID)
------------
           0
--表比index多数据
SQL> SELECT /*+ FULL(t1) */ TS_ID
  2  FROM WRI$_SEGADV_OBJLIST t1
  3  MINUS
  4  SELECT /*+ index(t WRI$_SEGADV_OBJLIST_IDX_TS) */ TS_ID
  5  FROM WRI$_SEGADV_OBJLIST t where  ts_id is not null;

no rows selected


--index中数据条数
SQL> SELECT /*+ index(t WRI$_SEGADV_OBJLIST_IDX_TS) */ count(TS_ID)
  2  FROM WRI$_SEGADV_OBJLIST t
  3  where ts_id is not null;

COUNT(TS_ID)
------------
         901

--表中数据条数
SQL> SELECT /*+ FULL(t1) */ count(TS_ID)
  2  FROM WRI$_SEGADV_OBJLIST t1 ;

COUNT(TS_ID)
------------
         937

--index中不同值数量
SQL> SELECT /*+ index(t WRI$_SEGADV_OBJLIST_IDX_TS) */ 
  2  COUNT(DISTINCT TS_ID)
  3  FROM WRI$_SEGADV_OBJLIST t WHERE TS_ID IS NOT NULL;

COUNT(DISTINCTTS_ID)
--------------------
                   5
--表中不同值数量
SQL> SELECT /*+ index(t WRI$_SEGADV_OBJLIST_IDX_TS) */ TS_ID
  2  FROM WRI$_SEGADV_OBJLIST t WHERE ts_id IS NOT NULL
  3  MINUS
  4  SELECT /*+ FULL(t1) */ TS_ID
  5  FROM WRI$_SEGADV_OBJLIST t1 ;

     TS_ID
----------
         4
--对比可以知道index中的唯一值比表中,这个也就解释了,为什么表中总条数多,
--但是他们两做减法的时候,记录为空

--索引表比表多数据
SQL> SELECT /*+ index(t WRI$_SEGADV_OBJLIST_IDX_TS) */ TS_ID
  2  FROM WRI$_SEGADV_OBJLIST t WHERE ts_id IS NOT NULL
  3  MINUS
  4  SELECT /*+ FULL(t1) */ TS_ID
  5  FROM WRI$_SEGADV_OBJLIST t1 ;

     TS_ID
----------
         4

上面的检测证明:1.表中有索引中无的数据,2.索引中有表中不存在数据

6.解决问题

SQL> alter index WRI$_SEGADV_OBJLIST_IDX_TS rebuild online;

Index altered.

--测试index中总条数
SQL> SELECT /*+ index(t WRI$_SEGADV_OBJLIST_IDX_TS) */ count(TS_ID)
  2   FROM WRI$_SEGADV_OBJLIST t
  3    where  ts_id is not null;

COUNT(TS_ID)
------------
         937

--无多余index项(以前唯一值为4的记录已经不存在)
SQL> SELECT /*+ index(t WRI$_SEGADV_OBJLIST_IDX_TS) */ TS_ID
  2      FROM WRI$_SEGADV_OBJLIST t WHERE ts_id IS NOT NULL
  3    MINUS
  4      SELECT /*+ FULL(t1) */ TS_ID
  5      FROM WRI$_SEGADV_OBJLIST t1 ;

no rows selected

--通过上述测试,证明表和index不一致问题解决
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