处理fast_recovery_area无剩余空间案例

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标题:处理fast_recovery_area无剩余空间案例

作者:惜分飞©版权所有[未经本人同意,不得以任何形式转载,否则有进一步追究法律责任的权利.]

一、打开数据库报错

[oracle@node1 ora11g]$ sqlplus / as sysdba

SQL*Plus: Release 11.2.0.3.0 Production on Mon Dec 19 15:42:04 2011

Copyright (c) 1982, 2011, Oracle.  All rights reserved.

Connected to an idle instance.

SQL> startup nomount
ORACLE instance started.

Total System Global Area 2137886720 bytes
Fixed Size                  2230072 bytes
Variable Size            1493174472 bytes
Database Buffers          637534208 bytes
Redo Buffers                4947968 bytes
SQL> alter database mount;

Database altered.

SQL> alter database open;
alter database open
*
ERROR at line 1:
ORA-03113: end-of-file on communication channel
Process ID: 19489
Session ID: 96 Serial number: 1

二、错误信息
1.alert日志内容

Mon Dec 19 15:23:29 2011
alter database open
Beginning crash recovery of 1 threads
 parallel recovery started with 7 processes
Started redo scan
Completed redo scan
 read 0 KB redo, 0 data blocks need recovery
Started redo application at
 Thread 1: logseq 3, block 93169, scn 12899730
Recovery of Online Redo Log: Thread 1 Group 3 Seq 3 Reading mem 0
  Mem# 0: /opt/oracle/oradata/ora11g/redo03.log
Completed redo application of 0.00MB
Completed crash recovery at
 Thread 1: logseq 3, block 93169, scn 12919731
 0 data blocks read, 0 data blocks written, 0 redo k-bytes read
Mon Dec 19 15:23:29 2011
LGWR: STARTING ARCH PROCESSES
Mon Dec 19 15:23:29 2011
ARC0 started with pid=27, OS id=19539 
ARC0: Archival started
LGWR: STARTING ARCH PROCESSES COMPLETE
ARC0: STARTING ARCH PROCESSES
Mon Dec 19 15:23:30 2011
ARC1 started with pid=28, OS id=19548 
Mon Dec 19 15:23:30 2011
ARC2 started with pid=29, OS id=19550 
Mon Dec 19 15:23:30 2011
ARC3 started with pid=30, OS id=19552 
ARC1: Archival started
ARC2: Archival started
ARC2: Becoming the 'no FAL' ARCH
ARC2: Becoming the 'no SRL' ARCH
ARC1: Becoming the heartbeat ARCH
Errors in file /opt/oracle/diag/rdbms/ora11g/ora11g/trace/ora11g_arc2_19550.trc:
ORA-19815: 警告: db_recovery_file_dest_size 字节 (共 4322230272 字节) 已使用 100.00%, 尚有 0 字节可用。
************************************************************************
You have following choices to free up space from recovery area:
1. Consider changing RMAN RETENTION POLICY. If you are using Data Guard,
   then consider changing RMAN ARCHIVELOG DELETION POLICY.
2. Back up files to tertiary device such as tape using RMAN
   BACKUP RECOVERY AREA command.
3. Add disk space and increase db_recovery_file_dest_size parameter to
   reflect the new space.
4. Delete unnecessary files using RMAN DELETE command. If an operating
   system command was used to delete files, then use RMAN CROSSCHECK and
   DELETE EXPIRED commands.
************************************************************************
ARC2: Error 19809 Creating archive log file to '/opt/oracle/fast_recovery_area/ORA11G/archivelog/2011_12_19/o1_mf_1_2_%u_.arc'
Errors in file /opt/oracle/diag/rdbms/ora11g/ora11g/trace/ora11g_ora_19489.trc:
ORA-19815: WARNING: db_recovery_file_dest_size of 4322230272 bytes is 100.00% used, and has 0 remaining bytes available.
************************************************************************
You have following choices to free up space from recovery area:
1. Consider changing RMAN RETENTION POLICY. If you are using Data Guard,
   then consider changing RMAN ARCHIVELOG DELETION POLICY.
2. Back up files to tertiary device such as tape using RMAN
   BACKUP RECOVERY AREA command.
3. Add disk space and increase db_recovery_file_dest_size parameter to
   reflect the new space.
4. Delete unnecessary files using RMAN DELETE command. If an operating
   system command was used to delete files, then use RMAN CROSSCHECK and
   DELETE EXPIRED commands.
************************************************************************
ARCH: Error 19809 Creating archive log file to '/opt/oracle/fast_recovery_area/ORA11G/archivelog/2011_12_19/o1_mf_1_1_%u_.arc'
ARCH: Archival stopped, error occurred. Will continue retrying
ORACLE Instance ora11g - Archival Error
ORA-16038: 日志 2 sequence# 2 无法归档
ORA-19809: 超出了恢复文件数的限制
ORA-00312: 联机日志 2 线程 1: '/opt/oracle/oradata/ora11g/redo02.log'
Errors in file /opt/oracle/diag/rdbms/ora11g/ora11g/trace/ora11g_ora_19489.trc:
ORA-16038: log 1 sequence# 1 cannot be archived
ORA-19809: limit exceeded for recovery files
ORA-00312: online log 1 thread 1: '/opt/oracle/oradata/ora11g/redo01.log'
USER (ospid: 19489): terminating the instance due to error 16038
Mon Dec 19 15:23:31 2011
System state dump requested by (instance=1, osid=19489), summary=[abnormal instance termination].
System State dumped to trace file /opt/oracle/diag/rdbms/ora11g/ora11g/trace/ora11g_diag_19463.trc
Dumping diagnostic data in directory=[cdmp_20111219152331], requested by (instance=1, osid=19489), summary=[abnormal instance termination].
Instance terminated by USER, pid = 19489

2.trace文件信息(ora11g_ora_19489.trc)

*** 2011-12-19 15:23:31.026 4320 krsh.c
ARCH: Error 19809 Creating archive log file to '/opt/oracle/fast_recovery_area/ORA11G/archivelog/2011_12_19/o1_mf_1_1_%u_.arc'
*** 2011-12-19 15:23:31.026 2932 krsi.c
krsi_dst_fail: dest:1 err:19809 force:0 blast:1
DDE: Problem Key 'ORA 312' was flood controlled (0x1) (no incident)
ORA-00312: online log 1 thread 1: '/opt/oracle/oradata/ora11g/redo01.log'
ORA-16038: log 1 sequence# 1 cannot be archived
ORA-19809: limit exceeded for recovery files
ORA-00312: online log 1 thread 1: '/opt/oracle/oradata/ora11g/redo01.log'
kjzduptcctx: Notifying DIAG for crash event
----- Abridged Call Stack Trace -----
ksedsts()+461<-kjzdssdmp()+267<-kjzduptcctx()+232<-kjzdicrshnfy()+53<-ksuitm()+1332<-kcfopd()+5962<-adbdrv()+51834<-opiexe()+18384<-opiosq0()+3870<-kpooprx()
+274<-kpoal8()+829<-opiodr()+916<-ttcpip()+2242<-opitsk()+1673<-opiino()+966<-opiodr()+916<-opidrv()+570
<-sou2o()+103<-opimai_real()+133<-ssthrdmain()+252 
----- End of Abridged Call Stack Trace -----

这个错误很明显:因为数据库归档日志放置在fast_recovery_area中,而空间已满,导致联机日志sequence# 2不能被归档,数据库无法打开

三、修改db_recovery_file_dest_size,打开数据库

SQL>  Alter system set db_recovery_file_dest_size=20G scope=both;

System altered.

SQL> alter database open;

Database altered.

设置较大db_recovery_file_dest_size,先打开数据库,再解决问题(减少down机时间是dba一大准则)

四、删除历史归档日志
从sequence# 为2中很明显看出来,数据库进行了resetlogs打开,所以前面的归档日志,在原则上已经无效(不再使用原始备份集恢复),因为数据库的控制文件中,无原归档日志信息,所以无法使用rman删除归档日志。那只能使用os命令先删除掉历史归档日志,然后再使用rman处理

[root@node1 archivelog]# find ./ -mtime +1| xargs rm -rf
[root@node1 archivelog]# ll
总计 72
drwxr-x--- 2 oracle oinstall 4096 12-18 22:35 2011_12_18
drwxr-x--- 2 oracle oinstall 4096 12-19 13:25 2011_12_19

RMAN> crosscheck archivelog all;

released channel: ORA_DISK_1
allocated channel: ORA_DISK_1
channel ORA_DISK_1: SID=68 device type=DISK
validation failed for archived log
archived log file name=/opt/oracle/fast_recovery_area/ORA11G/archivelog/2011_10_31/o1_mf_1_5_7bxbhkof_.arc RECID=1 STAMP=766015219
validation failed for archived log
archived log file name=/opt/oracle/fast_recovery_area/ORA11G/archivelog/2011_11_01/o1_mf_1_6_7bxw2gpo_.arc RECID=2 STAMP=766033231
……………………………………
validation failed for archived log
archived log file name=/opt/oracle/fast_recovery_area/ORA11G/archivelog/2011_12_12/o1_mf_1_105_7gc3co97_.arc RECID=132 STAMP=770306728
validation failed for archived log
archived log file name=/opt/oracle/fast_recovery_area/ORA11G/archivelog/2011_12_12/o1_mf_1_106_7gc3cv1w_.arc RECID=123 STAMP=770306728
validation failed for archived log
archived log file name=/opt/oracle/fast_recovery_area/ORA11G/archivelog/2011_12_12/o1_mf_1_107_7gc3mbpr_.arc RECID=127 STAMP=770306728
validation succeeded for archived log
archived log file name=/opt/oracle/fast_recovery_area/ORA11G/archivelog/2011_12_19/o1_mf_1_1_7gxtrlnq_.arc RECID=134 STAMP=770312597
validation succeeded for archived log
archived log file name=/opt/oracle/fast_recovery_area/ORA11G/archivelog/2011_12_19/o1_mf_1_2_7gxtrloz_.arc RECID=135 STAMP=770312597
validation succeeded for archived log
archived log file name=/opt/oracle/fast_recovery_area/ORA11G/archivelog/2011_12_19/o1_mf_1_3_7gxtrodg_.arc RECID=136 STAMP=770312599
validation failed for archived log
archived log file name=/opt/oracle/fast_recovery_area/ORA11G/archivelog/2011_12_12/o1_mf_1_1_7gc3ojqw_.arc RECID=126 STAMP=770306728
……………………………………
validation succeeded for archived log
archived log file name=/opt/oracle/fast_recovery_area/ORA11G/archivelog/2011_12_19/o1_mf_1_20_7gxlq29k_.arc RECID=113 STAMP=770306728
validation succeeded for archived log
archived log file name=/opt/oracle/fast_recovery_area/ORA11G/archivelog/2011_12_19/o1_mf_1_21_7gxl3zdm_.arc RECID=114 STAMP=770306728
Crosschecked 136 objects

RMAN> DELETE EXPIRED  archivelog all;

released channel: ORA_DISK_1
allocated channel: ORA_DISK_1
channel ORA_DISK_1: SID=68 device type=DISK
List of Archived Log Copies for database with db_unique_name ORA11G
……………………………………
Do you really want to delete the above objects (enter YES or NO)? yes
deleted archived log
……………………………………
deleted archived log
archived log file name=/opt/oracle/fast_recovery_area/ORA11G/archivelog/2011_12_16/o1_mf_1_14_7gpood3n_.arc RECID=115 STAMP=770306728
deleted archived log
archived log file name=/opt/oracle/fast_recovery_area/ORA11G/archivelog/2011_12_17/o1_mf_1_15_7gqhvvhh_.arc RECID=106 STAMP=770306727
Deleted 124 EXPIRED objects

五、补充说明
1.使用os命令删除fast_recovery_area内容后,需要使用crosscheck检测(如:archivelog all,backup等)。
2.然后使用 DELETE EXPIRED命令删除(archivelog all,backup等)
3.fast_recovery_area设置合适大小+合适的策略
4.resetlogs打开数据库后,做好备份
5.fast_recovery_area无剩余空间处理思路
5.1)如果数据库不能登录:重启至mount,增大fast_recovery_area,open数据库,然后使用rman删除历史垃圾数据(备份集,日志,闪回日志等)
5.2)如果数据库可以使用sys登录,增大fast_recovery_area(使其数据库可以正常工作),然后使用rman处理垃圾数据

此条目发表在 rman备份/恢复 分类目录。将固定链接加入收藏夹。

处理fast_recovery_area无剩余空间案例》有 1 条评论

  1. 惜分飞 说:

    查询Flash Recovery Area和归档信息

    SQL>  show parameter db_recovery_file_dest 
    
    NAME                            VALUE 
    ----------------------       -------------------------- 
    db_recovery_file_dest        E:\oracle\product\10.2.0\flash_recovery_area 
    db_recovery_file_dest_size   2G
    
    SQL> archive log list; 
    Database log mode              Archive Mode 
    Automatic archival             Enabled 
    Archive destination            USE_DB_RECOVERY_FILE_DEST 
    Oldest online log sequence     174 
    Next log sequence to archive   176 
    Current log sequence           176
    

    查询FRA剩余空间

    SQL>select file_type, percent_space_used as used,percent_space_reclaimable as reclaimable, 
        number_of_files as "number" from v$flash_recovery_area_usage; 
         
        FILE_TYPE          USED RECLAIMABLE     number 
        ------------ ---------- ----------- ---------- 
        CONTROLFILE           0           0          0 
        ONLINELOG             0           0          0 
        ARCHIVELOG        89.94           0         53 
        BACKUPPIECE        9.51           0         11 
        IMAGECOPY             0           0          0 
        FLASHBACKLOG          0           0          0 
    

      [引用]  [回复]

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