mysql 安装并启动多个实例

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标题:mysql 安装并启动多个实例

作者:惜分飞©版权所有[未经本人同意,不得以任何形式转载,否则有进一步追究法律责任的权利.]

1、数据库实例目录
drwxrwxrwx 6 mysql mysql 4096 Jul 6 23:25 mysqldata
drwxrwxr-x 5 mysql mysql 4096 Jul 6 23:23 mysqldata1
drwxrwxr-x 5 mysql mysql 4096 Jul 6 23:27 mysqldata2

2、创建实例
/opt/mysql/product/5.5/scripts/mysql_install_db –basedir=/opt/mysql/product/5.5 –datadir=/opt/mysql/mysqldata –user=mysql
/opt/mysql/product/5.5/scripts/mysql_install_db –basedir=/opt/mysql/product/5.5 –datadir=/opt/mysql/mysqldata1 –user=mysql
/opt/mysql/product/5.5/scripts/mysql_install_db –basedir=/opt/mysql/product/5.5 –datadir=/opt/mysql/mysqldata2 –user=mysql

3、修改my.cnf文件
[mysqld_multi]
mysqld = /opt/mysql/product/5.5/bin/mysqld
mysqladmin = /opt/mysql/product/5.5/bin/mysqladmin
user = root
password = passw0rd

[mysqld3306]
port = 3306
socket = /var/run/mysqld/mysqld3306.sock
pid-file = /var/run/mysqld/mysqld3306.pid
basedir = /opt/mysql/product/5.5
datadir = /opt/mysql/mysqldata

[mysqld3307]
port = 3307
socket = /var/run/mysqld/mysqld3307.sock
pid-file = /var/run/mysqld/mysqld3307.pid
basedir = /opt/mysql/product/5.5
datadir = /opt/mysql/mysqldata1

[mysqld3307]
port = 3307
socket = /var/run/mysqld/mysqld3308.sock
pid-file = /var/run/mysqld/mysqld3308.pid
basedir = /opt/mysql/product/5.5
datadir = /opt/mysql/mysqldata2
注:其他无关参数省略,日志等文件路径也不能相同(未写明)

4、启动数据库
mysqld_multi –defaults-file=/etc/mysql/my.cnf start 3306
mysqld_multi –defaults-file=/etc/mysql/my.cnf start 3307
mysqld_multi –defaults-file=/etc/mysql/my.cnf start 3308

5、登录数据库修改root密码
mysql -S /var/run/mysqld/mysqld3306.sock
mysql -S /var/run/mysqld/mysqld3307.sock
mysql -S /var/run/mysqld/mysqld3308.sock

use mysql
UPDATE user SET password=PASSWORD(‘passw0rd’) WHERE user=’root’;
FLUSH PRIVILEGES;
说明:三个库上分别操作

6、关闭数据库
mysqld_multi –defaults-file=/etc/mysql/my.cnf stop 3306
mysqld_multi –defaults-file=/etc/mysql/my.cnf stop 3307
mysqld_multi –defaults-file=/etc/mysql/my.cnf stop 3308

7、全部启动/关闭
mysqld_multi –defaults-file=/etc/mysql/my.cnf start 3306-3308
mysqld_multi –defaults-file=/etc/mysql/my.cnf stop 3306-3308

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